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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2013.tde-26022014-124328
Document
Author
Full name
Emerson Danguy Cavassin
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Costa, Silvia Figueiredo (President)
Barone, Antonio Alci
Mamizuka, Elsa Masae
Levin, Anna Sara Shafferman
Martino, Marines Dalla Valle
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da ação in vitro de nanopartícula de prata
Keywords in Portuguese
Compostos de prata
Nanopartículas metálicas
Nanopartículas/microbiologia
Testes de sensibilidade microbiana
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente estudo avaliou a ação in vitro de diferentes nanopartículas de prata (nanoAg) sintetizadas pelo Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas (IPT) e Universidade Federal de São Carlos (IFSC) e controles de sulfadiazina de prata, nitrato de prata e nanoAg comercial Sigma, frente a bactérias e leveduras. Os objetivos do estudo foram avaliar a ação in vitro de NanoAg sintetizadas no Brasil frente a bactérias sensíveis aos antimicrobianos e multirresistentes (MR), incluindo Gram positivos e negativos, além de candidas isoladas de amostras clínicas. Definir as condições de síntese que resultem em nanoAg com melhor efeito antimicrobiano in vitro frente a isolados sensíveis e MR. Foram utilizadas diferentes metodologias tais como agar well diffusion, determinação de concentração inibitória mínima CIM, concentração bactericida mínima (CBM), curva do tempo de morte e inibição da formação de biofilme. Ao todo, foram avaliados 110 isolados, sendo 37 sensíveis aos antimicrobianos, 54 MR, e 19 candidas frente a 29 nanoAg com diferentes características de síntese. Os testes de difusão em meio sólido apresentaram heterogeneidade de resultados frente aos micro-organismos avaliados. Enquanto as informações de CIM50 e CIM90 evidenciaram não existir variações no efeito inibitório frente isolados sensíveis ou resistentes aos antimicrobianos. As curvas do tempo de morte ilustraram a dinâmica de inibição dos compostos de prata e a interferência do sangue nos testes in vitro. A partir dos testes com biofilme foi possível observar efeito inibitório e de descolamento de biofilme previamente formado. Os resultados permitiram concluir a maior eficácia para nanoAg com Citrato e Quitosana, seguido por nitrato de prata, sulfadiazina de prata e PVA. A NanoAg comercial (Sigma, 60 nm) apresentou resultados inferiores ao de nanoAg Citrato, nanoAg Quitosana e nitrato de prata. Estes resultados abrem caminho para novas análises de nanoAg sintetizadas no Brasil em busca de produtos com maior eficácia com ação contra bactérias MR e candidas
Title in English
Study of in vitro action of silver nanoparticle
Keywords in English
Metal nanoparticles
Microbial sensitivity tests
Nanoparticles/microbiology
Silver compounds
Abstract in English
The present study evaluated the in vitro action of different silver nanoparticles (nanoAg) synthesized by "Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnológicas" (IPT) and "Universidade Federal de São Carlos" (IFSC) and silver sulfadiazine, silver nitrate and commercial nanoAg Sigma against bacteria and yeasts. The objectives of the study were to evaluate the in vitro action of NanoAg synthesized in Brazil against antimicrobial susceptible bacteria and multidrug-resistant (MDR), including Gram positive and negative, as well as some candida isolates from clinical source. Define the conditions that result in nanoAg synthesis with best in vitro antimicrobial effect against sensitive isolates and MDR. Different methodologies were used such as agar well diffusion, determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bactericidal concentration (CBM), the time-kill curve and inhibition of biofilm formation. Altogether 110 isolates were evaluated, being 37 antimicrobial sensitive, 54 MDR, and 19 candidas, against 29 nanoAg with different synthesis. The solid medium diffusion tests showed heterogeneity of results against the evaluated microorganisms. While the information of MIC50 and MIC90 showed no changes in inhibitory effect against sensitive isolates or MDR. The time-kill curve illustrated the dynamics of inhibition of silver compounds and the interference of blood on the in vitro tests. From the tests with biofilm was possible to observe biofilm inhibitory effect and detachment of biofilm previously formed. The conclusion defined to greater effectiveness for nanoAg with Chitosan and Citrate, followed by silver nitrate, silver sulfadiazine and PVA. The commercial NanoAg (Sigma, 60 nm) presented lower performance than nanoAg citrate, nanoAg Chitosan and silver nitrate. These results open the way for new analyses of Brazil synthetized nanoAg with better efficiency against MDR bacterial and candida
 
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Publishing Date
2014-02-26
 
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