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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2014.tde-12012015-125308
Document
Author
Full name
Isadora Pontes Cavalcante
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2014
Supervisor
Committee
Fragoso, Maria Candida Barisson Villares (President)
Kater, Cláudio Elias
Trarbach, Ericka Barbosa
Title in Portuguese
Correlação da expressão de GLUT1, HK1, HK2 e HK3 com alta captação de 18/F-FDG em hiperplasia macronodular adrenal primária
Keywords in Portuguese
Fluordesoxiglucose
Glândulas suprarrenais
Hexoquinase
Hiperplasia
Imuno-histoquímica
Proteínas transportadoras de glicose
Reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real
Síndrome de Cushing
Tomografia por emissão de pósitrons
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: Hiperplasia Macronodular Adrenal Primária (PMAH) é uma causa rara de Síndrome de Cushing (SC), caracterizada por macronódulos funcionantes geralmente acometendo ambas as glândulas adrenais. Recentemente, o exame 18F-FDG PET/CT detectou três pacientes com PMAH apresentando captação aumentada de 18F-FDG. No entanto, ainda não foi elucidado o mecanismo pelo qual a PMAH apresentaria uma alta captação de 18F-FDG. Objetivos: Os objetivos deste estudo foram investigar se a expressão de GLUT1, HK1, HK2 e/ou HK3 estão relacionados à alta captação de 18F-FDG na PMAH e comparar estas expressões com tecidos adrenais provenientes de pacientes com AAC e CAA. Métodos: 12 pacientes com PMAH que realizaram 18F-FDG-PET/CT, previamente à adrenalectomia. A captação de 18F-FDG foi quantificada como maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). Expressão do RNAm foi investigada através de RT-PCR e a expressão proteica através de técnicas de imunoistoquímica. Expressão gênica e proteica dos pacientes com PMAH foi comparada com 15 pacientes com AAC e 10 pacientes com CAA. As correlações foram realizadas através do teste de coeficiente de correlação de Pearson e as comparações, através do teste Kruskal-Wallis, seguido do ajuste de Dunn. Significância estatística foi considerada quando p < 0.05. Resultados: Todos os pacientes com PMAH apresentaram alta captação de 18F-FDG, cujo SUVmáx variou de 3.3 a 8.9 e o tamanho do maior nódulo variou de 3.5 a 15cm. Foi observada forte correlação positiva entre o tamanho do maior nódulo e o SUVmáx nos pacientes com PMAH. No entanto, não foi estabelecida correlação entre a expressão de GLUT1, HK1, HK2 e HK3 e o SUVmáx nos pacientes com PMAH. A expressão do SLC2A1 e HK2 foi significativamente maior nos pacientes com CAA do que nos pacientes com AAC e PMAH. Conclusões: A captação aumentada de 18F-FDG na PMAH não está relacionada ao aumento da expressão de GLUT1, HK1, HK2 e HK3. Estudos futuros serão necessários para elucidar a via glicolítica que é responsável pelo metabolismo da glicose na PMAH
Title in English
Correlation between GLUT1, HK1, HK2 and HK3 expression and high 18F-FDG uptake in primary macronodular adrenal hyperplasia
Keywords in English
Adrenal glands
Cushing's syndrome
Fluordesoxyglucose
Glucose transporters
Hexokinase
Hyperplasia
Immunohistochemistry
Positron emission tomography
Real time polymerase chain reaction
Abstract in English
Introduction: Primary macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (PMAH) is a rare cause of Cushing's syndrome, characterized by functioning adrenal macronodules and increased cortisol production. Recently, integrated 18F-FDG-PET/CT examination revealed an increased 18F-FDG uptake in patients with PMAH. However, it is still unclear the mechanism by which PMAH would present with a high 18F-FDG uptake in PET/CT. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether GLUT1, HK1, HK2 and/or HK3 expression would account for the high18F-FDG uptake in PMAH and compare these expressions with ACA and ACC adrenal tisuue. Methods: 12 patients undergoing adrenalectomy for PMAH with previous 18F-FDG-PET/CT. 18F-FDG uptake was quantified as the maximum standardized uptake value (maxSUV). mRNA expression was investigated through quantitative RT-PCR and protein expression was investigated using immunohistochemical studies. PMAH gene and protein expression were compared to 15 patients with ACA and 10 with ACC. Correlations were performed through Pearson's correlation coefficient test and comparisons through Kruskal-Wallis test, followed by Dunn adjust. Statistical significance was considered when p < 0.05. Results: All patients with PMAH presented with high 18F-FDG uptake, the range of SUVmax in these patients varied from 3.3 to 8.9 and the nodule sizes varied from 3.5 to 15 cm. There was a strong positive correlation between the nodule size and 18F-FDG uptake. However, no correlation could be established between gene and protein expression of GLUT1, HK1, HK2 and HK3 and 18F-FDG uptake. SLC2A1 and HK2 expression was significantly higher in patients with CCA than in patients with AAC and PMAH. Conclusions: Increased 18F-FDG uptake in PMAH does not arise from the overexpression of GLUT1, HK1, HK2 or HK3. Further investigation is required to elucidate the glycolytic pathway involved in glucose metabolism in PMAH
 
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Publishing Date
2015-01-12
 
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