• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2011.tde-27022012-101322
Document
Author
Full name
Rodrigo Tallada Iborra
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Nakandakare, Edna Regina (President)
Abdalla, Dulcineia Saes Parra
Faria, Eliana Cotta de
Giannella, Maria Lucia Cardillo Correa
Passarelli, Marisa
Title in Portuguese
Glicação avançada em macrófagos diminui o conteúdo dos receptores de HDL - ABCA-1 e ABCG-1- e induz acúmulo intracelular de 7 -cetocolesterol
Keywords in Portuguese
Cetocolesteróis
Colesterol
Macrófagos
Produtos finais de glicação avançada
Transportadores de cassetes de ligação de ATP
Abstract in Portuguese
Produtos de glicação avançada (AGE) alteram o metabolismo de lípides e, em especial, o efluxo de colesterol de macrófagos, por meio da redução dos receptores ABCA-1 e ABCG-1. Isto prejudica o transporte reverso de colesterol, sistema que favorece o fluxo de colesterol de macrófagos arteriais ao fígado, permitindo sua excreção na bile e eliminação fecal. Óxidos de colesterol modulam favoravelmente a homeostase lipídica em macrófagos e favorecem o transporte reverso de colesterol, embora o acúmulo de 7-cetocolesterol, 7-hidroxicolesterol e 7-hidroxicolesterol associe-se à aterogênese e morte celular. Neste estudo, avaliou-se o efeito do tratamento com glicolaldeído (GAD; oxoaldeído que induz rápida geração intracelular de AGE), em macrófagos sobrecarregados com LDL oxidada e incubados com HDL ou HDL e indutor de LXR (T0901317) sobre: 1) a distribuição seletiva de óxidos de colesterol e o conteúdo total de esteróis intracelulares e 2) o conteúdo de ABCA-1 e ABCG-1. Colesterol total e os diversos subtipos de óxidos de colesterol foram determinados por cromatografia a gás acoplada à espectrômetro de massa. O conteúdo dos receptores de HDL (ABCA-1 e ABCG-1) foi avaliado por imunoblot. Em macrófagos controles (C), a adição de HDL ou HDL + T0901317 promoveu redução no conteúdo de esteróis totais (colesterol + óxidos de colesterol), colesterol e 7-cetocolesterol. No entanto, isto não foi observado em macrófagos GAD. Nas diversas condições experimentais, não houve diferença no conteúdo intracelular dos outros subtipos de óxidos de colesterol, em células C e GAD. Macrófagos GAD apresentaram menor conteúdo de ABCA-1 (45%), quando comparados aos macrófagos C, mesmo após adição de HDL ou HDL + T0901317. O conteúdo de ABCG-1 foi 36,6% menor em macrófagos GAD, na presença de HDL, em comparação às células C. Em conclusão, em macrófagos sobrecarregados com LDL oxidada, o tratamento com glicolaldeído diminui a exportação celular de colesterol e 7-cetocolesterol, mediada pela HDL. Isto é decorrente do menor conteúdo dos receptores ABCA-1 e ABCG-1 em macrófagos tratados com glicolaldeído, e pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento de aterosclerose no diabete melito
Title in English
Advanced Glycation in macrophages decreases the content of the HDL receptor ABCA-1 and ABCG-1 - and induces intracellular accumulation of 7-ketocholesterol
Keywords in English
Advanced glycation end products
ATP-binding-cassete transporters
Cholesterol
Ketocholesterols
Macrophages
Abstract in English
Advanced glycation end products (AGE) alter lipid metabolism and reduce the macrophage expression of ABCA-1 and ABCG-1 which impairs the reverse cholesterol transport, a system that drives cholesterol from arterial wall macrophages to the liver, allowing its excretion into the bile and feces. Oxysterols favors lipid homeostasis in macrophages and drive the reverse cholesterol transport, although the accumulation of 7-ketocholesterol, 7- hydroxycholesterol and 7- hydroxycholesterol is related to atherogenesis and cell death. We evaluated the effect of glycolaldehyde treatment (GAD; oxoaldehyde that induces a fast formation of intracellular AGE) in macrophages overloaded with oxidized LDL and incubated with HDL alone or HDL plus LXR agonist (T0901317) in: 1) the intracellular content of oxysterols and total sterols and 2) the contents of ABCA-1 and ABCG-1. Total cholesterol and oxysterol subspecies were determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and HDL receptors content by immunoblot. In control macrophages (C), incubation with HDL or HDL + T0901317 reduced the intracellular content of total sterols (total cholesterol + oxysterols), cholesterol and 7-ketocholesterol, which was not observed in GAD macrophages. In all experimental conditions no changes were found in the intracellular content of other oxysterol subspecies comparing C and GAD macrophages. GAD macrophages presented a 45% reduction in ABCA-1 protein level as compared to C cells, even after the addition of HDL or HDL + T0901317. The content of ABCG-1 was 36.6% reduced in GAD macrophages in the presence of HDL as compared to C macrophages. In conclusion, in macrophages overloaded with oxidized LDL, glycolaldehyde treatment reduces the HDL-mediated cholesterol and 7-ketocholesterol efflux which is ascribed to the reduction in ABCA-1 and ABCG-1 protein level. This may contribute to atherosclerosis in diabetes mellitus
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2012-03-01
 
WARNING: The material described below relates to works resulting from this thesis or dissertation. The contents of these works are the author's responsibility.
  • IBORRA, Rodrigo T, et al. Advanced Glycation in macrophages induces intracellular accumulation of 7-ketocholesterol and total sterols by decreasing the expression of ABCA-1 and ABCG-1 [doi:10.1186/1476-511X-10-172]. Lipids in Health and Disease [online], 2011, vol. 10, n. 1, p. 172.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.