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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2006.tde-30102006-152027
Document
Author
Full name
Jean Jorge Silva de Souza
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Giannella Neto, Daniel (President)
Carvalho, Carla Roberta de Oliveira
Lin, Chin Jia
Machado, Ubiratan Fabres
Saad, Mario Jose Abdalla
Title in Portuguese
Identificação de fatores diabetogênicos associados ao adenocarcinoma de pâncreas
Keywords in Portuguese
Análise de sequência com séries de oligonucleotídeos
Carcinoma ductal pancreático
Diabetes mellitus
Expressão gênica
Neuropeptídeo Y
Proteínas S100
Abstract in Portuguese
Diabetes melito ou intolerância à glicose estão presentes em até 80% dos pacientes com adenocarcinoma de pâncreas. Portadores desta neoplasia têm resistência à insulina e alteração na secreção de insulina em resposta à glicose, o que pode levar ao aparecimento ou piora de diabetes. Para identificar genes diferencialmente expressos, que podem representar fatores diabetogênicos produzidos pelo adenocarcinoma de pâncreas, utilizou-se a comparação de microarranjos de oligonucleotídeos hibridizados com RNA complementar (cRNA) de tumores pancreáticos de pacientes com e sem diabetes melito no pré-operatório. Uma lâmina foi hibridizada com cRNA de dois pacientes portadores de diabetes melito, e outra com cRNA de dois pacientes com tolerância normal à glicose pelo teste oral. Considerando a expressão ajustada para os controles internos dos microarranjos, 293 genes estavam duas ou mais vezes mais expressos na lâmina dos portadores de diabetes melito; destes, 25 genes estavam pelo menos cinco vezes mais expressos. Duzentos e noventa e sete genes estavam pelo menos duas vezes mais expressos na lâmina dos pacientes com tolerância normal à glicose, dos quais 54 genes estavam cinco ou mais vezes mais expressos nestes indivíduos. Dos genes mais expressos nos tumores dos indivíduos portadores de diabetes melito, três deles, FAM3D, do inglês Family with Sequence Similarity number 3 member D, neuropeptídeo Y (NPY), e proteína de ligação do cálcio S100A8, foram estudados por reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real. A expressão do FAM3D foi 4070 (1000-37588) nas amostras de tumores de pacientes com diabetes melito, contra 109 (10-1112) nas de pacientes não-diabéticos (com intolerância à glicose ou com tolerância normal à glicose) (p<0,05). A expressão do NPY foi 0,46 (0,19-0,91) nos tumores dos portadores de diabetes, contra 0,32 (0,21- 0,58) nos tumores dos não-diabéticos (p = NS). Quanto à expressão de S100A8, foi 0,52 (0,27-0,60) nos tumores dos diabéticos, e 0,34 (0,16-1,44) nos não-diabéticos. Estudo imunohistoquímico mostrou que o FAM3D está expresso no núcleo e no citoplasma de células de tumores pancreáticos, tanto de indivíduos com diabetes melito quanto de não-diabéticos, assim como no citoplasma de células de ilhotas pancreáticas e de células ductais normais do pâncreas. Concluímos que o FAM3D é uma proteína expressa em tecido pancreático normal e tumoral, e que existe maior conteúdo do mRNA do FAM3D nos adenocarcinomas de pâncreas de portadores de diabetes melito do que nos de não-diabéticos.
Title in English
Identification of diabetogenic factors associated to pancreatic adenocarcinoma
Keywords in English
Diabetes mellitus
Gene expression
Neuropeptide Y
Oligonucleotide array sequence analysis
Pancreatic ductal carcinoma
S100 proteins
Abstract in English
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is closely related to diabetes mellitus; up to 80% of pancreas adenocarcinoma patients have diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance. Pancreas adenocarcinoma patients have both insulin resistance and altered insulin secretion in response to glucose, and impaired glucose metabolism has been reported in muscle of tumor patients, involving glycogen metabolism and post-receptor insulin signaling. But despite progress in research about this issue, precise mechanisms responsible for the interaction of pancreatic adenocarcinoma and diabetes mellitus remain unknown. The aim of this study was to identify differentially expressed genes between pancreas adenocarcinoma of patients who had and who did not have diabetes mellitus before surgery. Clinical and laboratorial data of 33 patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma were evaluated, and tumor gene expression was analyzed by microarray method between two patients who had diabetes mellitus and two who did not have glycemic homeostasis impairment, and later used quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in twelve tumor fragments mRNA to confirm obtained data. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients who had diabetes mellitus had higher HOMA-IR (p < 0.05) and a trend to lower HOMA-beta indexes than non-diabetic patients. icroarray revealed 293 genes twice more expressed in the pool of diabetic patients as compared to the pool of normal glucose tolerance patients. Of these, 25 were five times more expressed in diabetic patients? pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Three genes were chosen for RT-qPCR: Family with Sequence Similarity number 3 member D (FAM3D), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and calcium-binding protein S100A8. FAM3D expression was 4070 (1000-37588) in diabetic patients tumors versus 109 (10-1112) in non-diabetic (impaired glucose and normal glucose tolerance) patients? tumors (p<0.05). NPY expression was 0.46 (0.19- 0.91) in diabetic patients and 0.32 (0.21-0.58) in non-diabetic patients? tumors (p=NS). Calcium-binding protein S100A8 expression was 0.52 (0.27-0.60) in diabetic and 0.34 (0.16-1.44) in non-diabetic patients (p=NS). Immunohistochemistry revealed that FAM3D protein was expressed in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells in a diffuse nuclear and cytoplasmic pattern. It was also expressed in the cytoplasm of islets of Langerhans and normal pancreatic ducts cells. The present study indicates that cytokine-like FAM3D protein is expressed in normal and tumoral pancreatic tissue, and that FAM3D mRNA content is higher in pancreatic adenocarcinoma in diabetic than in non-diabetic patients.
 
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Publishing Date
2006-11-06
 
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