• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2006.tde-31102006-131430
Document
Author
Full name
Marcio Carlos Machado
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Salgado, Luiz Roberto (President)
Boguszewski, Cesar Luiz
Gadelha, Mônica Roberto
Lengyel, Ana Maria Judith
Nery, Márcia
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da expressão do receptor da vasopressina (AVPR1B), do receptor do hormônio liberador de corticotrofina (CRHR1) e do receptor dos secretagogos de GH (GHSR-1a) em pacientes portadores de síndrome de Cushing ACTH-dependente: correlação clínico-molecular
Keywords in Portuguese
Expressão gênica
Neoplasias hipofisárias
Receptores de hormônio liberador de corticotropina
Receptores de vasopressina
Síndrome de ACTH ectópico
Síndrome de Cushing/diagnóstico
Tumor carcinóide
Abstract in Portuguese
INTRODUÇÃO: O diagnóstico diferencial da síndrome de Cushing (SC) ACTH-dependente é um dos maiores desafios da endocrinologia, devido ao comportamento clínico e laboratorial semelhante de alguns tumores carcinóides com a doença de Cushing (DC). Assim, testes dinâmicos de secreção de ACTH e cortisol têm sido utilizados com o objetivo de identificar respostas que sejam preditivas e específicas no diagnóstico diferencial. O padrão dessas respostas é atribuído à superexpressão de receptores; entretanto, poucos estudos foram realizados para comprovar tal associação. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar se a secreção de ACTH e cortisol em resposta aos testes do CRH humano (hCRH), da desmopressina, e do peptídeo liberador do GH (GHRP-6) é dependente da magnitude de expressão dos seus respectivos receptores (CRHR1, AVPR1B e GHSR-1a) em amostras de tumores de pacientes portadores da SC ACTH-dependente. CASUÍSTICA E MÉTODOS: Entre 2002 e 2004, foram avaliados 22 pacientes (20 com DC e dois com Secreção Ectópica de ACTH [SEA], carcinóide de pulmão e timo), idade mediana de 32 anos (15-54 anos), sendo 18 do sexo feminino e quatro do sexo masculino, provenientes da Disciplina de Endocrinologia e Metabologia da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. Os pacientes foram submetidos aos testes do hCRH (100 µg), desmopressina (10 µg) e GHRP-6 (1 µg/kg) com dosagens de ACTH e cortisol e também de GH no caso do GHRP-6. Vinte e um indivíduos controles, pareados por sexo e idade, foram submetidos ao teste do GHRP-6. Durante o ato operatório, fragmentos de tumor foram coletados para posterior extração do RNA total. O estudo da expressão foi feito por meio de PCR quantitativo em tempo real dos genes CRHR1, AVPR1B e GHSR-1a em relação ao GAPDH. Fragmentos de tecidos normais (hipófise, pulmão e timo) procedentes de necropsias foram utilizados como controles. RESULTADOS: Observamos maior expressão de GHSR-1a nos pacientes responsivos ao GHRP-6, tanto naqueles com DC quanto no paciente com carcinóide pulmonar. Não houve maior expressão dos receptores CRHR1 e AVPR1B nos pacientes com DC responsivos aos respectivos testes, observando-se, no entanto, uma forte associação entre respostas in vivo e a expressão desses receptores nos pacientes com SEA. As concentrações de ACTH e cortisol induzidas pela administração de GHRP-6 foram mais elevadas nos pacientes com DC quando comparados aos controles, havendo, no entanto, superposição entre as respostas. Observamos também elevação dos níveis séricos de GH nos indivíduos controles e, em menor intensidade, nos pacientes com DC. CONCLUSÕES: Houve maior expressão do receptor GHSR-1a em pacientes com SC ACTH-dependente responsivos ao GHRP-6, estabelecendo-se uma relação direta entre a expressão do receptor e a resposta in vivo ao secretagogo, tanto em pacientes com DC quanto nos portadores de SEA. Uma associação entre a expressão dos receptores CRHR1 e AVPR1B com a resposta in vivo aos respectivos secretagogos foi observada nos pacientes com SEA e não nos pacientes com DC. Tendo em vista a resposta ao GHRP-6 em paciente com SEA, limita-se o uso desse peptídeo no diagnóstico diferencial da SC ACTH-dependente.
Title in English
Study of mRNA expression of the receptors for vasopressin (AVPR1B), corticotropin releasing hormone (CRHR1) and GH secretagogues (GHSR-1a) in patients with ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome: clinical-molecular correlation
Keywords in English
Carcinoid tumor
Corticotropin-releasing hormone receptors
Cushing's syndrome/diagnosis
Ectopic ACTH Syndrome
Gene expression
Pituitary neoplasms
Vasopressin receptors
Abstract in English
INTRODUCTION: The differential diagnosis of ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome (CS) is one of the major challenges in endocrinology, especially in view of the similar clinical and laboratorial behavior between some carcinoid tumors and Cushing's disease (CD). Hence, dynamic tests of ACTH and cortisol release have been carried out with the aim to identify predictive and specific responses for this differential diagnosis. The pattern of the responses has been attributed to receptors overexpression, yet few studies have been undertaken to confirm such association. The aim of the present study was to verify whether ACTH and cortisol release in response to human CRH (hCRH), desmopressin, and GH releasing peptide (GHRP-6) depends on the magnitude of expression of their respective receptors (CRHR1, AVPR1B e GHSR-1a) in samples of tumors from patients with ACTH-dependent CS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty two patients (20 with CD and 2 with Ectopic ACTH Syndrome [EAS], lung and thymus carcinoid tumors) from the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism of University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine, median age of 32 years (15-54 years), being 18 females and 4 males, were evaluated between 2002 and 2004. The patients were submitted to dynamic tests with hCRH (100 µg), desmopressin (10 µg) and GHRP-6 (1 µg/kg), with measurement of ACTH and cortisol levels, and also of GH in the case of GHRP-6 stimulation. Twenty one age and sex-matched controls were submitted to the GHRP-6 test. During surgery, tumor fragments were collected and subsequently processed for total mRNA extraction. Gene expression of CRHR1, AVPR1B and GHSR-1a relative to GAPDH was quantitated by real-time qPCR. Tissue samples of normal pituitary, lung and thymus from necropsy were used as controls. RESULTS: Greater expression of GHSR-1a was observed in patients responsive to the GHRP-6 test, both in those with CD and in the one with pulmonary carcinoid tumor. No enhanced expression of receptors CRHR1 and AVPR1B was found in CD patients responsive to the respective dynamic tests, yet there was a strong association between the in vivo responses and the expression of those receptors in the two patients with EAS. GHRP-6 -induced ACTH and cortisol release was more marked in patients with CD as compared with control individuals, but there was overlap of the responses. GH stimulation was observed in control individuals and, to a lesser extent, in patients with CD. CONCLUSIONS: There was greater expression of GHSR-1a in patients with ACTH-dependent CS who responded to GHRP-6, establishing a direct association between receptor gene expression and the in vivo response to the secretagogue in both CD patients and those with EAS. An association between expression of CRHR1 and AVPR1B and the in vivo response to the respective secretagogues was found in patients with EAS but not in those with CD. In view of the response to GHRP-6 in a patient with EAS, we considered the use of this peptide in the differential diagnosis of ACTH-dependent CS of limited value.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
MarcioCarlosMachado.pdf (996.65 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2006-11-06
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.