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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2013.tde-09082013-140206
Document
Author
Full name
Tatiana Duobles
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Chadi, Gerson (President)
Zanoteli, Edmar
Chadi, Debora Rejane Fior
Maximino, Jessica Ruivo
Oliveira, Acary Souza Bulle
Title in Portuguese
Análise da influência da microglia mutante na sobrevida do neurônio motor no  modelo in vitro da esclerose lateral amiotrófica utilizando camundongos transgênicos para SOD1 humana
Keywords in Portuguese
Esclerose amiotrófica lateral
Microglia
Neurônios motores
Abstract in Portuguese
A Esclerose Lateral Amiotrófica (ELA) é uma doença progressiva caracterizada pela perda de neurônios motores levando rapidamente os pacientes à morte. Os mecanismos da morte neuronal são desconhecidos e estudos recentes indicam que a microglia pode participar deste processo. Para investigar o papel da microglia na ELA, camundongos transgênicos SOD1G93A foram utilizados na avaliação da morte e do trofismo neuronal em sistemas de co-culturas neurônio/microglia e do efeito do meio condicionado microglial sob os neurônios motores. Ambas as células foram extraídas da medula espinal de camundongos transgênicos (TG) e wild type (WT). A microglia foi obtida dos animais neonatos e adultos na fase pré-clínica da doença. Os neurônios extraídos de neonatos foram marcados com reagente específico para morte neuronal e seus prolongamentos foram quantificados em contraste de fase por métodos estereológicos específicos. A expressão gênica de moléculas candidatas à participação do processo neurodegenerativo relacionadas com a microglia foi quantificada pelo PCR em tempo real, assim como a quantidade de moléculas secretadas no meio condicionado das culturas microgliais dosada pelo ELISA sanduíche. O meio condicionado da microglia TG neonatal não foi capaz de acentuar a morte neuronal, entretanto a neurodegeneração foi potenciada nas análises das co-culturas. Interessantemente, o meio condicionado das microglias WT provenientes de animais adultos foram capazes de aumentar os prolongamentos neuronais feito não observado em relação às microglias TG. Quantidades aumentadas do fator de necrose tumoral ?, interleucina-6 e fator de crescimento derivado do nervo foram quantificadas no meio condicionado das microglias TG. A microglia TG neonatal apresentou dimuição na expressão gênica de AKAP13, HIPK3, UBE2I E NTF5. Esses achados precoces sugerem perda de migração microglial, perda de resistência à apoptose, desbalanço entre proliferação e morte celular e diminuição do suporte trófico neuronal. Em conjunto, os resultados evidenciam a participação da microglia nos mecanismos da ELA
Title in English
Analysis of microglial influence on motor neuron death in an in vitro model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis using SOD1 transgenic mice
Keywords in English
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Microglia
Motor neuron
Abstract in English
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive degenerative disorder affecting motoneurons and leading the patient to death.The cause of motor neurons degeneration in ALS is uncertain and there is any treatment able to prolong the patient life. Recent studies show that microglia could participate of the process of ALS degeneration. Its activation is linked to the disbalance of neuroprotective and neurotoxic action. To investigate the microglia role in ALS, SOD1G93A transgenic mice that develop symptoms similar to the clinical disease were used. We evaluated the neuronal death and trophism in microglia/neuron co-cultures system and in microglial conditioned medium effect under the neurons. Neurons and microglia were extracted from transgenicor wild type mice spinal cord. Microglia was obtained from 1 day pos natal pups and adult onset of disease mice. Cells were stained with a specific marker to neuronal death. Neuronal extensions area and neuronal death was quantified by stereological method. The genic expression of candidate molecules related to degeneration in ALS was quantified by real time PCR and the release of some molecules were quantified by ELISA sandwich. Results showed that maybe transgenic neonatal microglia is not able to increase the neuronal death through releasing molecules in its conditionated medium, on the other hand when transgenic microglia was co-cultured with any kind of neuron, neuronal death was observed. Microglia from adult transgenic mice was not able to promote a neuroprotection compared to wild type in co-culture and conditionated medium experiments. In addition to this, was observed increased tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 6 and nerve growth factor secretion by transgenic microglia. Neonatal transgenic microglia also exhibited reduced genic expression of AKAP13, HIPK3, UBE2I and NTF5. These findings at an early stage suggest a lost of migration potential, lost of apoptosis resistance, disbalance of proliferation and cell death and reduction of neuronal trophic support. So together, these data indicate the involvement of microglia in ALS mechanisms
 
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Publishing Date
2013-08-14
 
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