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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2010.tde-10052010-162926
Document
Author
Full name
Cynthia Savioli de Paula
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Siqueira, José Tadeu Tesseroli de (President)
Dias, Maria Joaquina Marques
Faria, Maria Estela Justamante de
Hilário, Maria Odete Esteves
Pereira, Rosa Maria Rodrigues
Title in Portuguese
Características orofaciais de pacientes com dermatomiosite juvenil
Keywords in Portuguese
Dermatomiosite juvenil
Gengiva
Saúde bucal
Transtornos da articulação temporomandibular
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: Avaliar o comprometimento orofacial em dermatomiosite juvenil (DMJ). Métodos: Vinte e seis pacientes com DMJ foram estudados e comparados a 22 controles saudáveis. A avaliação orofacial incluiu: características clínicas, avaliação dentária e periodontal, função mandibular e fluxo salivar. Também foram avaliadas as características clínicas e scores da DMJ, enzimas musculares e tratamento. Resultados: A média da idade atual foi similar em pacientes e controles (p>0.05). Uma alteração gengival específica, caracterizada por eritema, dilatação de capilares e formação em arbustos foi observado somente em pacientes com DMJ (61% vs.0%, p=0,0001). As freqüências de mobilidade mandibular alterada e abertura de boca diminuída foram significativamente maiores em DMJ versus controles (50% vs. 14%, p=0,013; 31% vs. 0, p=0,005). Comparando pacientes com DMJ com e sem alteração gengival específica, observamos que os pacientes sem alteração gengival apresentaram menores valores de limite esmalte-cemento (- 0.26 vs.-0.006mm, p=0,013) e maior índice de sangramento gengival (27.7% vs.14%, p=0,046). Este padrão de alteração gengival não foi associado à doença periodontal [índice de placa (p=0,332) e perda de inserção dentária (p=0,482)]. A mediana do índice disease activity score(DAS) cutâneo e a dose atual de metotrexate foi maior nos pacientes com alteração gengival (2,5 vs.0,5, p=0,029; 28.7 vs.15, p=0.012). Pacientes com DMJ e limitaçao de abertura de boca apresentaram mediana significativamente menor do manual muscle testing(MMT) quando comparados a pacientes com DMJ sem limitação de abertura de boca (79 vs.80, p=0.002). Conclusão: O padrão gengival característico, associado à atividade cutânea da doença, e diferente de doença periodontal, sugere que a gengiva seja um possível tecido alvo para DMJ. Além disto, fraqueza muscular pode ser um fator relevante para a mobilidade mandibular.
Title in English
Orofacial characteristics of JDM patients
Keywords in English
Gingiva
Juvenile dermatomyositis
Oral health
Temporomandibular joint disorders
Abstract in English
Objective: To assess orofacial involvement in juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Methods: Twenty-six JDM patients were studied and compared to 22 healthy controls. Orofacial evaluation included clinical features, dental and periodontal assessment, mandibular function and salivary flow. JDM clinical features, scores, muscle enzymes and treatment were also assessed. Results: The media of current age was similar in JDM patients and controls (p>0.05). A peculiar gingival alteration characterized by erithema, capillary dilation and bush loop formation was only observed in JDM patients (61% vs.0%, p=0.0001). The frequencies of altered mandibular mobility and reduced mouth opening were significantly higher in JDM versus controls (50% vs. 14%, p=0.013; 31% vs. 0, p=0.005). The comparison of JDM patients with and without gingival alteration showed that the former had lower values of median of cementoenamel junction (-0.26 vs.-0.06mm, p=0.013) and higher gingival bleeding index (27.7% vs.14%, p=0.046). Of note, this pattern of gingival alteration was not associated with periodontal disease [plaque index (p=0.332 and dental attachment loss (p=0.482)]. The median of skin disease activity score(DAS) and current dose of methotrexate were higher in JDM with gingival alteration (2.5 vs.0.5, p=0.02; 28.7 vs.15, p=0.001). A significant association of lower median manual muscle testing(MMT) with reduced mouth opening was observed in JDM compared to patients without this alteration (79 vs.80, p=0.002). Conclusions: The peculiar gingival pattern associated with cutaneous disease activity, distinct from periodontal disease, suggest that gingiva is a possible target tissue for JDM. In addition, muscle weakness may be a relevant factor for mandibular mobility.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-05-12
 
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