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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2016.tde-04112016-123747
Document
Author
Full name
Thais da Fonseca Borghi
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Carvalho, Mário Henrique Burlacchini de (President)
Andrade, Lisandra Stein Bernardes Ciampi de
Araujo Júnior, Edward
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do colo uterino de gestantes com incompetência istmocervical por meio das ultrassonografias transvaginal bidimensional e tridimensional
Keywords in Portuguese
Cerclagem cervical
Colo do útero
Incompetência do colo do útero
Medida do comprimento cervical
Trabalho de parto prematuro
Ultrassonografia pré-natal
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivos: Determinar quais características ultrassonográficas obtidas por meio da ultrassonografia transvaginal bidimensional (USG TV 2D) e da ultrassonografia transvaginal tridimensional (USG TV 3D) associam-se ao parto prematuro em gestantes submetidas à cerclagem profilática e terapêutica. Métodos: Sessenta e seis gestações únicas, submetidas a cerclagem profilática ou terapêutica, e acompanhadas no ambulatório de Aborto Habitual da Clínica Obstétrica do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HCFMUSP), entre 1 de junho de 2012 e 30 de outubro de 2015, foram avaliadas longitudinalmente, por meio da USG TV 2D e USG TV 3D associado ao power Doppler, nos três trimestres da gestação. Na análise dos resultados, as gestantes foram primeiramente avaliadas longitudinalmente nos três trimestres da gestação. Depois, foram classificadas de acordo com a idade gestacional de parto (IG parto) < que 34 semanas e >= 34 semanas. As gestantes também foram avaliadas considerando-se a IG parto como uma variável contínua. Resultados: Na avaliação longitudinal, o comprimento do colo uterino (CC) e a distância do ponto de cerclagem ao orifício cervical interno (POI) diminuíram significativamente entre o segundo e o terceiro trimestres (32,6 vs 28,3 mm; p < 0,001 e 14,3 vs 10,7 mm; p=0,001, respectivamente) enquanto a largura do afunilamento cervical aumentou significativamente no mesmo período (13,6 vs 20,7 mm; p= 0,011). Dez gestantes (15,2%) tiveram idade gestacional de parto < 34 semanas. O CC, a POI e a presença do afunilamento cervical, avaliados no terceiro trimestre da gestação, tiveram relação significativa com a IG parto < 34 semanas (16,27 mm, p= 0,009; zero, p= 0,003; 66,67%, p= 0,041, respectivamente). O CC < 28,1 mm, p= 0,0083, o volume do colo uterino (VOL) < 18,17 cm3, p= 0,0152, a POI < 10 mm, p= 0,0151, e os índices vasculares do colo uterino, FI < 33,83, p= 0,0338, VI < 2,153%, p= 0,0044, e VFI < 0,961, p= 0,0059 avaliados no segundo trimestre tiveram relação significativa com idades gestacionais de parto mais precoces, assim como, o CC < 20,4 mm, p= 0,0009, o VOL >= 47,48 cm3, p= 0,0107, FI < 44,336, p= 0,0038, VI>= 0,54 %, p= 0,0327 e o VFI >= 2,275, p= 0,0479 avaliados no terceiro trimestre. Nos modelos de regressão de COX, em que a variável de interesse foi o tempo até o parto, o VOL no segundo trimestre foi significativo, ao passo que no terceiro trimestre, o FI e o VFI foram significativos. Conclusões: Em gestantes submetidas a cerclagem profilática e terapêutica, o VOL do colo avaliado no segundo trimestre, e o FI e o VFI avaliados no terceiro trimestre foram as únicas variáveis independentes que se relacionaram com o tempo até o parto
Title in English
Two-dimensional and three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound evaluation of pregnant women with cervical incompetence submitted to cerclage
Keywords in English
Cerclage cervical
Cervix uteri, Cervical length measurement
Obstetric labor premature
Ultrasonography prenatal
Uterine cervical incompetence
Abstract in English
Objectives: To determine which cervical sonographic characteristics on twodimensional transvaginal ultrasonography (2DTVUS) and three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography (3DTVUS) could be related to gestational age at birth after placement of history-indicated cerclage or ultrasound-indicated cerclage. Methods: Sixty six pregnant women, with a singleton gestation, submitted to history-indicated cerclage or ultrasound-indicated cerclage and followed at the Recurrent Miscarriage Clinic of Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of São Paulo University Medical School between June 1, 2012 and October 30, 2015, were longitudinaly evaluated by 2DTVUS and 3DTVUS associated to power Doppler, in the three trimesters of pregnancy. For the analysis, pregnant women were, firstly, evaluated longitudinally, in the three trimesters of pregnancy. After that, they were classified according to gestational age (GA) at delivery < 34 weeks and >= 34 weeks. Pregnant women were evaluated considering GA at delivery as a continuous variable already. Results: In the longitudinal evaluation, cervical length (CL) and proximal cervical length decreased between the second and the third trimestrers (32.6 vs 28.3 mm, p < 0.001; 14.3 vs 10.7, p= 0.001, respectivelly), while width of funneling increased at the same period (13.6 vs. 20.7 mm; p = 0.011). Ten pregnant women (15.2%) delivered < 34 weeks. CL, proximal cervical length and present cervical funneling, in the third trimester, were significantly related to GA at delivery < 34 weeks (16.27 mm, p= 0.009; zero, p= 0.003; 66.67%, p= 0.041, respectively). CL < 28.1mm, p=0.0083, cervical volume < 18.17 cm3, p= 0.0152, proximal cervical length < 10 mm, p = 0.0151, and cervical vascularization index, FI < 33.83, p= 0.0338, VI < 2.153 %, p= 0.0044, VFI < 0.961, p = 0.0059, in the second trimester, were related to earlier delivery, as, CL < 20.4 mm, p= 0.0009, cervical volume >= 47.48 cm3, p = 0.0107, FI < 44.336, p: 0.0038, VI >= 0.54, p = 0.0327 and VFI >= 2.275, p= 0.479 in the third trimester. Using COX regression analysis, it was demonstrated that cervical volume in the second trimester, and FI and VFI in the third trimester were significantly associated to gestational age at birth .Conclusions: In women with history-indicated cerclage or ultrasound indicated cerclage, 2nd trimester cervical volume and 3rd trimester FI and VFI are the only indenpendent significant sonographic findings associated whith time to delivery
 
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Publishing Date
2016-11-07
 
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