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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2007.tde-10082010-163812
Document
Author
Full name
Sâmia Kiara de Albuquerque Alves
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Francisco, Rossana Pulcineli Vieira (President)
Martinelli, Silvio
Ruano, Rodrigo
Title in Portuguese
Relação da dopplervelocimetria do ducto venoso com resultados pós-natais em gestações com diástole zero ou reversa nas artérias umbilicais
Keywords in Portuguese
Artérias umbilicais
Assistência perinatal
Insuficiência placentária
Ultra-sonografia Doppler
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: Avaliar a relação entre a classificação do fluxo na onda a do ducto venoso no dia do parto e os resultados pós-natais em gestações com diástole zero ou reversa nas artérias umbilicais. Métodos: Analisou-se retrospectivamente a evolução pós-natal de 103 recém-nascidos de gestações com diagnóstico de diástole zero ou reversa à dopplervelocimetria das artérias umbilicais, no período de janeiro de 1997 a dezembro de 2004. Foram incluídas gestações únicas e fetos sem malformações. Nenhum caso recebeu corticoterapia antenatal. Os casos foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com a classificação do fluxo na onda a do ducto venoso no dia do parto. Grupo A: 20 casos com fluxo ausente ou reverso e Grupo B: 83 casos com fluxo positivo. Foram avaliados os seguintes resultados pós-natais: idade gestacional no dia do parto, peso de nascimento, Apgar de primeiro e quinto minutos, pH e BE do sangue da artéria umbilical ao nascimento, necessidade de intubação orotraqueal e encaminhamento à unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal, além de: ocorrência de restrição de crescimento fetal, doença das membranas hialinas, pneumotórax, hemorragia pulmonar, displasia broncopulmonar, persistência do canal arterial, sepse, enterocolite necrosante, retinopatia da prematuridade, plaquetopenia, hipoglicemia, hiperglicemia, convulsão, exame neurológico anormal em 24 horas de vida, hemorragia intracraniana, os recém-nascidos foram avaliados durante toda a internação no berçário, sendo registrado o tempo de internação, ocorrência de óbito e causas do óbito. Para análise estatística foram utilizados os testes de Qui-Quadrado, exato de Fisher e Mann-Whitney U, adotado nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Todos os partos foram cesareanos. A idade gestacional foi semelhante nos dois grupos, 30 semanas no grupo A e 30,9 semanas no B (P=0,23). Observou-se no grupo com fluxo ausente ou reverso da onda a do ducto venoso maior freqüência dos seguintes resultados pós-natais adversos: menor peso ao nascimento (831g vs 1.105g, P<0,001), menores índices de Apgar de primeiro minuto (85% vs 20%, P=0,001) e de quinto minuto (45% vs 10,7%, P =0,001), maior necessidade de intubação orotraqueal (100% vs 48,1%, P=0,001), maior ocorrência de acidose ao nascimento (93% vs 36%, P<0,001), hemorragia pulmonar (40% vs 16,8%, P=0,03), plaquetopenia (65% vs 37,3%, P=0,02), hipoglicemia (85% vs 56,6%, P=0,01), hemorragia intracraniana (52,6% vs 26,3%, P=0,02) e óbito pós natal (65% vs 26,5%, P=0,007). Conclusão: O estudo do fluxo no ducto venoso pode fornecer informações adicionais na programação do momento mais adequado para a interrupção de gestações que cursam com diástole zero ou reversa nas artérias umbilicais em gestações com prematuridade extrema.
Title in English
The relationship of the ductus venosus Doppler and postnatal outcome in pregnancies with absent or reversed end-diastolic flow (ARED flow) in the umbilical artery
Keywords in English
Perinatal care
Placental insufficiency
Ultrasonography Doppler
Umbilical arteries
Abstract in English
Objective: This study was undertaken to analyze the relation between absent or reverse flow during atrial contraction in the ductus venosus on the day of delivery in pregnancies complicated by absent or reversed end-diastolic flow in the umbilical artery and postnatal outcome. Methods: Postnatal outcome of 103 pregnant women with absent or reversed end-diastolic flow (ARED flow) in the umbilical arteries was retrospectively analyzed from January 1997 to December 2004. In this study, only singleton pregnancies that did not take prenatal steroids and with no fetal anomalies were included. The outcome was analyzed in two groups: Group A (n=20), fetuses with absent or reversed ductus venosus flow during the A-wave and group B (n=83) fetuses with a positive flow. After delivery, the following immediate neonatal outcomes of interest were obtained: gestational age at the time of delivery, 1-and 5-minute Apgar scores, umbilical artery pH and base excess, birth weight, need of orotraqueal intubation, and referral to the neonatal intensive care unit. We have also analyzed the incidence of fetal growth restriction, hyaline membrane disease, pneumotorax, lung hemorrhage, bronchopulmonary displasia, persistence of the arterial channel, sepses, necrotizing enterocolitis, retinopathy of prematurity, fetal plaquetopenia, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, abnormal neurological exam within 24 hours of life, intracranial hemorrhage, seizures, length of hospitalization, postnatal deaths and its causes. Data were compared by chi-square, Fisher's exact test and a Mann-Whitney U test, and the level of significance adopted was of 5%. Results: All newborns were delivered by cesarean section. The average gestational age at birth was 30 weeks in group A and 30,9 in group B (P= 0.23). Fetuses of the group A presented lower birth weight (831g vs 1105g, P< 0.001), lower Apgar score at first (85% vs 20%, P= 0.001), and at fifth minutes (45% vs 10.7%, P =0.001), higher incidence of orotraqueal intubation (100% vs 48.1%, P= 0.001) than fetuses of group B. Group A had also more cases of acidosis (93% vs 36%, P<0.001), lung hemorrhage (40% vs 16,8%, P=0,03), plaquetopenia (65% vs 37.3%, P=0.02), hypoglycemia (85% vs 56.6%, P=0.01), intracranial hemorrhage (52.6% vs 26.3%, P=0.02) and postnatal death (65% vs 26.5%, P=0.007). Conclusion: Ductus venous Doppler can supply additional information regarding the better time to deliver pregnant women with earlier gestational age and with absent or reversed end-diastolic flow (ARED flow) in the umbilical artery.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-08-10
 
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