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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2016.tde-23082016-095943
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Paula Vieira Dias Alves
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Carvalho, Mário Henrique Burlacchini de (President)
Lopes, Marco Antonio Borges
Mattar, Rosiane
Title in Portuguese
Associação entre fatores genéticos e risco aumentado de prematuridade em pacientes com antecedente de incompetência cervical
Keywords in Portuguese
Colágeno
Genética
Incompetência do colo do útero
Metaloproteases
Polimorfismo de nucleotídeo único
Prematuro
Trabalho de parto prematuro
Abstract in Portuguese
A incompetência istmo cervical é uma importante causa de prematuridade. Atualmente, o componente genético está relacionado ao parto prematuro, dentre os quais os polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único (SNPs) de alguns genes candidatos estão associados. Os SNPs nos genes do colágeno, da matrix extracelular e das de interleucinas têm relação direta com o comprimento do colo uterino podendo relacionar-se com o encurtamento do colo uterino, como também ocorre na incompetência cervical. Este estudo tem o objetivo de associar a frequência dos SNPs dos genes do COL1 A1, COL 4A3, TGF-B e TIMP2 à história de incompetência cervical. Foi realizado estudo de caso controle com grupo de pacientes, que realizaram cerclagem do colo uterino na última gestação e o grupo de pacientes com antecedente de gestação a termo (controle). Em sangue periférico, foi extraído DNA, realizadas reações de PCR com primers específicos para os SNPs de interesse em 62 amostras preparadas para sequenciamento de última geração pelo Ion Torrent. Houve leitura satisfatória em 57 amostras, sendo 28 casos e 29 controles. A frequência do SNPS do COL1A1 no grupo caso foi de 70,4% versus 33,3% no grupo controle (p=0,03). Os SNPs do COL4A3 e do TIMP2 apresentaram associação com o antecedente de abortos totais (p=0,02 e p=0,023) e abortos tardios (p=0,001 e p=0,034); para os demais SNPs não houve diferença em frequência entre os grupos caso e controle. Foram identificados SNPs exônicos ainda não descritos na literatura. O presente estudo observou uma maior taxa de homozigoze T/T para o SNP COL1A1 no grupo caso, que é um gene associado ao metabolismo do colágeno, além de identificar SNPs ainda não descritos na literatura, que poderão ser objeto de estudo no futuro para conhecimento da sua repercussão na composição do colágeno
Title in English
Association between genetic factors and high risk of prematurity in women with cervical insufficiency
Keywords in English
Collagen, Metalloproteases
Genetics
Infant premature
Obstetric labor premature
Polymorphism single nucleotide
Uterine cervical incompetence
Abstract in English
Cervical incompetence is one of the most important causes of prematurity. It has already been suggested that genetic factors plays a significant hole in determining the risk of preterm birth and the single nucleotide polimofisms (SNPS) from candidate genes are associated. Polymorfisms in several genes such as the collagen, the extracelular matrix and the interleucins, are related to abnormal cervical length, as it occurs in cervical incompetence. The aim of this study, was to associate the frequency of the SNPs in the COL1A1, COL4A3, TGF-B and TIMP2 genes to the cervical incompetence. We conduced a case control study with patients submitted to cervical cerclage and a control group with women who delivery at term. DNA was isolated from blood samples and amplifications of the genomic DNA were performed by PCR protocol with specific primers for the SNPs. DNA sequencing of 62 samples, was obtained from next generation sequencing on the Ion Torrent. A total of 57 samples, including 28 cases and 29 controls had results available. The frequency of the SNP in COL1A1 in the case group was 70,4% versus 33% in the control group (p=0,03). The SNPS in COL4A3 and TIMP2 were significant related to the history of miscarriages (p=0,2 and p=0,023) and fetal losses (p=0,001 and p=0,034) No significant differences were observed in the frequencies for the others SNPs in the two groups. In the present study, non described exonic SNPs were discovered. Higher frequencies of the homozygous T/T genotype in COL1A1 were observed in the case group involving the collagen metabolism and the non described exonic SNPs might be associated to collagen abnormalities in future studies
 
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Publishing Date
2016-08-23
 
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