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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2017.tde-08112017-153743
Document
Author
Full name
Natali Weniger Spelling Gormezano
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Silva, Clovis Artur Almeida da (President)
Aikawa, Nádia Emi
Pinto, Ana Lúcia de Sá
Santos, Maria Carolina dos
Title in Portuguese
Síndrome de ativação macrofágica: diferenças clínicas e laboratoriais entre pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico juvenil versus adulto
Keywords in Portuguese
Adulto
Corticosteroides
Criança
Glucocorticoides
Imunossupressores
Lúpus eritematoso sistêmico
Pancreatite
Síndrome de ativação macrofágica
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivo: Uma série de casos sugerindo uma possível associação de pancreatite aguda (PA) e síndrome de ativação macrofágica (SAM) em lúpus eritematoso sistêmico pediátrico (LESP) foi reportada em dez crianças no nosso serviço, no entanto, não existem dados relativos à comparação entre PA e SAM em grandes populações de LESP e LES adulto (LESA). Métodos: Este estudo incluiu 362 pacientes LESP e 1.830 pacientes LESA. SAM foi diagnosticada de acordo com os critérios diagnósticos preliminares e PA de acordo com a presença de dor abdominal e/ou vômitos associados a um aumento de enzimas pancreáticas e/ou alterações radiológicas pancreáticas nos exames de ultrassonografia e/ou tomografia abdominal. Dados demográficos, características clínicas, SLEDAI-2K, SLICC/ACR-DI e tratamento foram avaliados. Resultados: A frequência de PA foi significantemente aumentada no LESP em comparação ao LESA [12/362 (3,3%) vs. 20/1830 (1,1%), p=0,003], com similar duração da PA nos dois grupos [22 (6-60) vs. 15 (4-90), dias, p=0,534]. As frequências de SAM (85% vs 30%, p=0,003) e óbito (31% vs. 0%; p=0,017) foram significantemente elevadas em crianças com PA comparadas com adultos com PA. Na análise dos pacientes com PA e SAM em comparação com os com somente PA sem SAM demonstrou que a idade dos pacientes com PA e SAM foi significantemente menor em comparação com aqueles sem SAM [15 (8,8- 55) vs. 33,5 (10,2-45,7) anos, p=0,007]. As frequências de febre (94% vs. 37%, p=0,001), leucopenia (82% vs. 19%, p=0,0001), trombocitopenia (65% vs. 19%, p=0,013), hipertrigliceridemia (87% vs. 42%, p=0,037) e hiperferritinemia (93% vs. 37%, p=0,011) foram significantemente aumentadas nos pacientes com PA e SAM comparados aos pacientes com somente PA. A concomitância de febre e hiperferritinemia foi significantemente mais freqüente no primeiro grupo (86% vs. 12%, p=0,0015). Conclusões: Este estudo forneceu novos dados que evidenciaram que SAM ocorreu na maioria dos LESP com PA com uma maior mortalidade em comparação com LESA. Além disso, foram identificados em pacientes com PA e SAM, um conjunto de parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais associado com as duas complicações
Title in English
Macrophage activation syndrome: a severe and frequent manifestation of acute pancreatitis in 362 childhood-onset compared to 1,830 adult-onset systemic lupus erythematosus patients
Keywords in English
Adrenal cortex hormones, Glucocorticoids
Adult
Child
Immunosuppressive agents
Lupus erythematosus systemic
Macrophage activation syndrome
Pancreatitis
Abstract in English
Objective: We previously reported a case series of acute pancreatitis (AP) and macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) in childhood (cSLE) patients, however there are no data regarding the comparison of AP and MAS in large populations of cSLE and adult SLE (aSLE). Methods: This study included 362 cSLE and 1,830 aSLE patients. MAS was diagnosed according to preliminary diagnostic guidelines and AP according to the presence of abdominal pain or vomiting associated to an increase of pancreatic enzymes and/or pancreatic radiological abnormalities. Demographic data, clinical features, SLEDAI-2K, SLICC/ACR-DI and treatment were assessed. Results: Higher and significant frequency of AP in cSLE compared to aSLE patients [12/362(3.3%) vs. 20/1830(1.1%), p=0.003], with similar AP duration [22(6- 60) vs. 15(4-90) days, p=0.534]. MAS (85% vs. 30%, p=0.003) and death by MAS complication (31% vs. 0%, p=0.017) were significantly higher in children with AP compared with aSLE with AP. Further analysis of patients with AP and MAS compared with AP without MAS demonstrated that age in MAS patients was significantly lower compared with those without this complication [15(8.8-55) vs. 33.5(10.2-45.7) years, p=0.007]. The frequencies of fever (94% vs. 37%,p=0.001), leucopenia (82% vs. 19%,p=0.0001), thrombocytopenia (65% vs. 19%,p=0.013), hypertriglyceridemia (87% vs. 42%,p=0.037) and hyperferritinemia (93% vs. 37%,p=0.011) were also more frequently observed in AP patients with MAS compared in AP patients without MAS. Fever and hyperferritinemia concomitantly were more frequent in the former group (86% vs. 12%, p=0.0015). Conclusions: This study provides novel data demonstrating that MAS occur in the majority of cSLE with AP with a higher mortality compared to aSLE. In addition, we identified in AP patients, a cluster of MAS clinical and laboratorial parameters more associated with this complication
 
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Publishing Date
2017-11-13
 
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