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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2006.tde-11102006-114512
Document
Author
Full name
Leda Leme Talib
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2006
Supervisor
Committee
Gattaz, Wagner Farid (President)
Ojopi, Elida Paula Benquique
Valente, Kette Dualibi Ramos
Title in Portuguese
"Desenvolvimento de métodos para determinação da atividade das frações da fosfolipase A2 em plaquetas"
Keywords in Portuguese
Plaquetas
Fosfolipase A
Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo
Radioimunoensaio/métodos
Abstract in Portuguese
A fosfolipase A2 (PLA2) é uma enzima chave no metabolismo dos fosfolípides de membrana e é um dos principais componentes envolvidos na sinalização celular. Alterações da atividade da PLA2 tem sido descritas no cérebro e no sangue (soro, plasma e plaquetas) de pacientes com diversas doenças neuropsiquiátricas. Neste estudo foi desenvolvido um ensaio radioenzimático para detectar em plaquetas, a atividade dos três principais grupos de PLA2, que são PLA2 secretórias ou PLA2 extracelular dependente de Ca 2+ (sPLA2); PLA2 citósólicas dependentes de Ca 2+ (cPLA2) e as PLA2 intracelulares independentes de Ca 2+ (iPLA2). Para confirmar a presença desses grupos da enzima em plaquetas, algumas variáveis foram testadas, como as diferenças de preferência ao ácido graxo como substrato, o requerimento de cálcio e a inibição seletiva com os inibidores Bromoenol lactone (BEL) e o Methyl Arachidonyl Fluorophosphonate (MAFP). Os resultados obtidos demonstram a presença dos três principais grupos de PLA2 (sPLA2, cPLA2, and iPLA2) em plaquetas. Estes achados sugerem o uso de plaquetas, uma amostra biológica de fácil acesso, como possível modelo periférico de neurônios para o estudo do metabolismo de fosfolípides.
Title in English
Development of methods to access phospholipase A2 fraction activity in platelets
Keywords in English
Blood platelets
Phospholipase A
Phospholipids/metabolism
Radioimmunoassay/methods
Abstract in English
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is a key-enzyme in the metabolism of membrane phospholipids and is one of the major components involved in cell signaling. Alterations of PLA2 activity have been reported in brains and blood cells in several neuropsychiatric diseases. In this study we developed a radio-enzymatic assay to detect in platelets the activity of the three main groups of PLA2, which are secretory PLA2 or extracellular calcium dependent PLA2 (sPLA2), cytosolic calcium dependent PLA2 (cPLA2) and intracellular calcium independent PLA2 (iPLA2). To confirm the presence of these PLA2 groups some variables were tested, such as differences in the preferred fatty acid substrate, calcium dependence, and selective inhibition with Bromoenol lactone (BEL) and Methyl Arachidonyl Fluorophosphonate (MAFP). Our findings demonstrate the presence of the three main groups of PLA2 (sPLA2, cPLA2, and iPLA2) in platelets. In addition, this study is in line with others suggesting that platelets, a typical biological sample, can be used as a peripheral model for neurons.
 
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LedaLemeTalib.pdf (870.50 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2006-10-20
 
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