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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2012.tde-27072012-110639
Document
Author
Full name
Claudia Finazzo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Duarte, Alberto Jose da Silva (President)
Araujo, Adele Caterino de
Benard, Gil
Duarte, Maria Irma Seixas
Gidlund, Magnus Ake
Title in Portuguese
Geração in vitro de células T efetoras e células T reguladoras mediada por células dendríticas pulsadas com vírus autólogo de pacientes infectados pelo HIV-1
Keywords in Portuguese
Células dendríticas
Células T efetoras
HIV-1
Imunoterapia
Linfócitos T reguladores
Abstract in Portuguese
Imunização terapêutica utilizando células dendríticas derivadas de monócitos (MoDCs) pulsadas com antígenos de HIV constitui um meio promissor de potencializar a resposta imune específica anti-HIV em pacientes infectados. Neste contexto, é importante ressaltar que células dendríticas além de estimular a resposta imune específica, podem ser capazes de promover a tolerância periférica em linfócitos T CD4+ e T CD8+ ao induzir deleção, anergia ou através da expansão de células T reguladoras (T regs). Experimentos in vitro foram conduzidos para avaliar a capacidade de MoDCs pulsadas com HIV autólogo inativado em induzir apoptose celular, respostas celulares específicas e a geração de T regs. Os pacientes avaliados neste estudo foram indivíduos infectados pelo HIV, sem uso de tratamento antirretroviral (n = 14) com número de células T CD4+ acima de 350 células/L. MoDCs foram geradas a partir de células mononucleares de sangue periférico e em seguida foram pulsadas com vírus autólogo inativado por Aldrithiol-2, tratadas com estímulo para maturação e então cultivadas com linfócitos autólogos. A apoptose de linfócitos T e MoDCs e a frequência de células efetoras e reguladoras foram avaliadas por citometria de fluxo. Os resultados obtidos mostraram que não houve diferença nos níveis de apoptose de células T CD4+, T CD8+ ou MoDCs entre os grupos pulsadas e não pulsadas com HIV inativado. Foi observado que tanto MoDCs pulsadas quanto aquelas não pulsadas com o vírus autólogo inativado foram capazes de induzir células T CD4+ secretoras de IFN-, enquanto que apenas MoDCs pulsadas levou a um aumento no percentual de células T CD8+ efetoras. Pacientes com contagem de células T CD4+ acima de 500 células/L apresentaram um percentual maior de células T CD4+ secretoras de IFN após estimulo de MoDCs pulsadas. Esta diferença não foi observada em células T CD8 +. T regs também foram induzidas in vitro após cocultivo com MoDCs. Níveis basais mais elevados de T regs foram encontrados em pacientes com carga viral plasmática baixa. Em conjunto, os resultados indicam que MoDCs pulsadas com HIV-1 são capazes de induzir linfócitos T efetores, mas também aumentam a frequência de T regs in vitro. Além disto, pacientes com maior contagem de células T CD4 + foram capazes de responder de forma mais eficiente ao estímulo com MoDCs pulsadas. Viremia persistente na infecção crônica pelo HIV pode estar associada significativamente à perda de T reg
Title in English
In vitro generation of effector T cells and regulatory T cells by monocyte-derived dendritic cells from HIV-1-infected patients pulsed with autologous virus
Keywords in English
Dendritic cells
Effector T cell
HIV-1
Immunotherapy
Regulatory T lymphocytes
Abstract in English
Therapeutic immunization using inactivated autologous HIVpulsed dendritic cells (DCs) is a promising strategy to enhance specific anti-HIV immune responses in infected patients. In this context, it is important to note that DC besides stimulate a specific immune response, may be able to promote tolerance in peripheral CD4 + and CD8 + T cells inducing deletion, anergy or through expansion of regulatory T cells (T reg). In vitro experiments were conducted to evaluate the capacity of autologous HIVstimulated DC to induce apoptosis, effector cellular T cell responses and T reg generation. For these purposes, we used peripheral blood from HAARTnaïve HIVinfected patients (n=14) with CD4+ T cell counts above 350 cell/L for generation of monocytederived DC (MoDC). MoDC were pulsed with aldrithiol-2 (AT-2)-inactivated autologous virus and matured. MoDC were then cocultured with autologous lymphocytes and the apoptosis, production of IFN- and T reg cell frequency were evaluated by flow cytometry. There was no difference in the rate of apoptosis of CD4, CD8 T cells or MoDC between the groups pulsed and not pulsed with inactivated HIV. MoDC pulsed or not with inactivated autologous virus induced IFN- +CD4+ T cells, whereas only pulsed MoDC were able to increase effector CD8+ T cells percentage along the time culture. Patients with CD4+ T cell counts above 500 had an increased percentage of CD4 + T cells secreting IFN- upon DC pulsed with HIV. This difference was not observed in CD8 + T cells. Interestingly, T reg were also induced in vitro after MoDC cocultivation. Higher baseline T reg counts were found in patients with lower plasma viral loads. These results show that MoDC pulsed with HIV-1 are able to induce effector lymphocyte but also elevate the frequency of T reg in vitro. Patients with higher CD4+ T cell counts are able to respond more efficiently to the stimulation with pulsed MoDC, and persistent viremia in chronic HIV infection is associated with significant loss of T reg
 
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Publishing Date
2012-07-31
 
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