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Tesis Doctoral
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2007.tde-27042007-140434
Documento
Autor
Nombre completo
Fabiana Giorgeti Graciolli
Dirección Electrónica
Instituto/Escuela/Facultad
Área de Conocimiento
Fecha de Defensa
Publicación
São Paulo, 2007
Director
Tribunal
Noronha, Irene de Lourdes (Presidente)
Andrade, Lucia da Conceição
Carvalho, Aluizio Barbosa de
Seguro, Antonio Carlos
Suassuna, José Hermógenes Rocco
Título en portugués
Proteínas ósseas envolvidas na calcificação vascular de ratos urêmicos, paratireoidectomizados, alimentados com dieta rica e pobre em fósforo associada à infusão fixa de paratormônio
Palabras clave en portugués
Calcinose
Fósforo
Hormônio paratireóideo
Proteínas morfogenéticas ósseas
Ratos Wistar
Uremia
Resumen en portugués
Local invasion and lymph nodal spread impact in the outcome of Head and Neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients (pts). We determined CXCR1-5, CCR7 and CX3CR1 mRNA expression by means of RNAse protection assay in 98 HNSCC primary tumors and 91 adjacent mucosa and 26 metastatic lymph nodes, correlating this data with outcome. CXCL12 and CCL19/CCL21, ligands for CXCR4 and CCR7, were determined in 38 tumor fragments, 33 adjacent mucosas and 25 de metastatic lymph nodes, by means of Quantitative Real-Time PCR. Tumors presented higher CXCR1 (P=0.013), CXCR3 (P=0.008) and CXCR4 mRNA (P=0.025) expression as compared to mucosa. No correlations are observed neither lymph nodal status nor tumor size impacted on chemokine receptor expression. Metastatic lymph nodes expressed more CXCR4, CXCR5, CCR7 and CX3CR1 (P<0.0001) as compared to matched tumors. We found a longer overall survival (OS) (P=0.048) and a trend toward longer disease free survival (DFS) (P=0.074) in CX3CR1 negative (n=17) as compared to positive pts (n=21) only in oral subgroup. The same occurred for CCR7 negative oral SCC, in terms of OS (P=0.024) and DFS (P=0.049). We conclude that, of the chemokine receptors here studied, CCR7 and CX3CR1 mRNA expression seems to better reflect outcome in oral subsite only. In addition, CCL21, a CCR7 ligand mRNAs is more expressed in metastatic lymph nodes than tumors (P=0.059). Further studies are warranted to confirm these results.
Título en inglés
Correlation of chemokine ligands and its receptors with lymph node metastasis in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Palabras clave en inglés
Carcinoma squamous cell
Chemokines
CXCR4
Head and neck neoplasms
Linfonodos
Receptors
Receptors chemokine
Resumen en inglés
Bone tissue alterations and vascular calcification (VC) are commonly found in patients with chronic renal failure (CKD). The importance of phosphorus (P) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) is not clear, yet. An in vitro study showed that inorganic phosphate was able to transform vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) into calcifying cells confirmed for up-expression of Runx2 in these cells. Besides, it has been demonstrated the in vivo expression of Runx2 in intimal and medial VSMC in calcified arteries of CKD patients. We evaluated the effect of phosphorus (P) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) on bone remodeling and on the expression of bone proteins (Runx2, Osteoprotegerin, type I Collagen, Osteocalcin, Osteopontin and NF?B) in aortic valve and heart in experimental uremia. Wistar rats were submitted to parathyroidectomy, nephrectomy (Nx) and continuous infusion of 1-34 rat PTH in physiologic or 5 times the normal values. The diet was identical, however the P content was low (LP: 0,2%) or high (HP: 1,2%). We performed biochemical, histomorphometric, imuno-histochemistry and RT-PCR analysis. Rats submitted to Nx developed renal failure. The P overload contributed to loss bone volume independent of uremia. Besides Nx animals that received high PTH doses bone loss was slight probably because of the anabolic effect of PTH, which was attenuated by the phosphorus overload toxic. VC was only observed in Nx animals that received high PTH doses independently of P overload. However, the P overload with physiologic PTH doses induced phenotypic changes in VSMC that was confirmed for the up-expression of Runx2 on aorta of these animals. The high concentrations of P and PTH promoted histological changes on expression of osteoprotegerin and type I Collagen in calcified arteries and heart. This study does not established ideal levels of PTH sufficient for the maintenance of the bone integrity and also to prevent VC when animal are submitted to different P overload.
 
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Fecha de Publicación
2007-05-17
 
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