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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2018.tde-09042018-103846
Document
Author
Full name
Rafael Barbosa de Araujo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Monteiro, Mario Luiz Ribeiro (President)
Cunha, Leonardo Provetti
Hokazono, Kenzo
Oyamada, Maria Kiyoko
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação das camadas internas e externas da retina com tomografia de coerência óptica, eletrorretinograma multifocal e perimetria automatizada padrão em olhos com atrofia em banda do nervo óptico
Keywords in Portuguese
Atrofia óptica
Eletrorretinografia
Quiasma óptico
Retina
Testes de campo visual
Tomografia de coerência óptica
Abstract in Portuguese
Objetivos: Comparar as alterações de espessura das camadas da retina macular adquiridas com tomografia de coerência óptica (TCO) e as amplitudes das ondas de eletrorretinograma multifocal (ERGmf) convencional e com estímulo lentificado entre olhos com hemianopsia temporal sequelar por compressão quiasmática e controles saudáveis, além de avaliar as correlações entre TCO, ERGmf e campo visual (CV) central. Métodos: Quarenta e três olhos (30 pacientes) com hemianopsia temporal sequelar por tumores hipofisários previamente submetidos a descompressão quiasmática e 37 olhos saudáveis (19 controles) foram submetidos a TCO-DS da mácula, ERGmf e CV tipo 10-2. Após segmentação, foram medidas as espessuras maculares da camada de fibras nervosas da retina (CFNR), camada de células ganglionares (CCG), camada plexiforme interna (CPI), camada nuclear interna (CNI), camada plexiforme externa (CPE), camada nuclear externa (CNE) e camada de fotorreceptores (CFR). Amplitudes e potenciais oscilatórios (PO) multifocais foram adquiridos com o ERGmf convencional e com estímulo lentificado, respectivamente, analisados em valores médios por quadrantes e hemicampos. Resultados: Espessuras da CFNR, CCG e CPI foram significantemente menores em todos os quadrantes, enquanto CNI, CPE e CFR tiveram medidas significantemente maiores nos quadrantes nasais nos pacientes comparados com os controles. Correlações significantes entre a TCO e os valores de CV 10-2 foram positivas para CFNR, CCG e CPI, e negativas para CNI, CPE e CFR. As amplitudes médias dos POs e de N1 do ERGmf se mostraram significantemente reduzidas na hemirretina nasal dos pacientes. Correlações significantes foram encontradas entre as amplitudes de PO e ERGmf para com medidas de TCO da hemirretina nasal interna e externa, respectivamente. Conclusões: Pacientes com hemianopsia temporal sequelar por compressão quiasmática previamente tratada apresentam adelgaçamento significante de CFNR, CCG e CPI e espessamento de CNI, CPE e CFR, associados com amplitudes reduzidas de PO e N1, sugerindo que o dano axonal à retina interna desencadeia lesão secundária das camadas externas da retina nesta condição
Title in English
Evaluation of inner and outer retinal layers with optical coherence tomography, multifocal electroretinography and standard automated perimetry in eyes with band atrophy of the optic nerve
Keywords in English
Electroretinography
Optic atrophy
Optic chiasm
Optic coherence tomography
Retina
Visual field tests
Abstract in English
Purpose: To compare optical coherence tomography (OCT)-measured macular retinal layers in eyes with permanent temporal hemianopia from chiasmal compression and controls, compare regular and slow-flash multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) in patients and controls, and assess the correlation between OCT, mfERG and central visual field (VF) data. Methods: Forty-three eyes (30 patients) with permanent temporal hemianopia from pituitary tumors previously submitted to chiasm decompression and 37 healthy eyes (19 controls) were submitted to macular SD-OCT, mfERG and 10-2 VF testing. After segmentation, macular retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), inner plexiform layer (IPL), inner nuclear layer (INL), outer plexiform layer (OPL), outer nuclear layer (ONL) and photoreceptor layer plus (PRL+) thickness was measured. Amplitudes and oscillatory potentials (OP) were measured on regular and slow-flash mfERG, respectively, and expressed as mean values per quadrant and hemifield. Results: RNFL, GCL and IPL thickness measurements were significantly reduced in all quadrants while INL, OPL and PRL were significantly increased in the nasal quadrants in patients compared to controls. Significant correlations between OCT and 10-2 SAP measurements were positive for RNFL, GCL and IPL and negative for INL, OPL and PRL. OPs and mfERG N1 amplitudes were significantly reduced in the nasal hemiretina of patients. Significant correlations were found between OP and mfERG amplitudes for inner and outer nasal hemiretina OCT measurements, respectively. Conclusions: Patients with permanent temporal hemianopia from previously treated chiasmal compression displayed significant RNFL, GCL, IPL thinning and INL, OPL and PRL thickening associated with reduced OP and mfERG N1 amplitudes, suggesting axonal injury to the inner retina leads to secondary damage to the outer retina in this condition
 
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Publishing Date
2018-04-09
 
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