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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2008.tde-29012009-133551
Document
Author
Full name
Tânia Pereira Nunes
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Matayoshi, Suzana (President)
Akaishi, Patricia Mitiko Santello
Araf, Davi
Monteiro, Mario Luiz Ribeiro
Schellini, Silvana Artioli
Title in Portuguese
Efeito da ação tópica do colírio de fenilefrina a 10% no posicionamento palpebral de indivíduos normais e portadores de blefaroptose adquirida involucional
Keywords in Portuguese
Blefaroptose
Diagnóstico por imagem
Fenilefrina/administração & dosagem
Pálpebras
Abstract in Portuguese
INTRODUÇÃO: Existem poucos estudos na literatura sobre o efeito de drogas no posicionamento vertical das pálpebras. Esse assunto é importante na análise da dinâmica palpebral, principalmente em afecções como a blefaroptose. O objetivo deste estudo é determinar a ação de uma gota do colírio de fenilefrina a 10% sobre as pálpebras superior e inferior de indivíduos normais e portadores de blefaroptose adquirida involucional e verificar a ocorrência de alterações no posicionamento das pálpebras superior e inferior do olho contralateral. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se um estudo clínico, prospectivo e aberto com indivíduos normais e pacientes com blefaroptose adquirida involucional, que foram submetidos à instilação de uma gota do colírio de fenilefrina a 10% em um dos olhos. Todos os indivíduos foram filmados antes e após a instilação da medicação (3, 10, 15, 30, 45 e 60 minutos). As imagens foram submetidas ao processamento digital e editadas para análise das medidas palpebrais. Foi traçada uma linha horizontal a partir do canto medial em direção ao canto externo. Considerouse como altura da pálpebra superior a distância entre o ponto mais alto da margem palpebral superior e a linha horizontal traçada. A altura palpebral inferior foi avaliada como a distância entre o ponto mais baixo da margem palpebral inferior e a referida linha. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos na pesquisa 70 indivíduos normais e 40 portadores de blefaroptose adquirida involucional. Em relação à blefaroptose, a maioria apresentava quadro bilateral (92,5%) e grau mínimo (45%). Em relação à resposta ao colírio de fenilefrina a 10%, a medida antes da instilação da medicação diferiu significativamente dos demais momentos (p< 0,001), com elevação média da pálpebra superior de 0,92 mm e retração de 0,40 mm na altura palpebral inferior em todos os grupos estudados. Em relação ao olho contralateral, observou-se queda da pálpebra superior em praticamente todos os momentos estudados, com o menor nível aos 3 minutos (queda média de 0,66 mm). A pálpebra inferior contralateral mostrou uma elevação média de 0,35 mm. CONCLUSÕES: A instilação de uma gota do colírio de fenilefrina a 10% em olhos de indivíduos normais e pacientes portadores de blefaroptose adquirida involucional altera a posição das pálpebras superior e inferior do olho testado, como também das pálpebras do olho contralateral
Title in English
Effect of 10% phenylephrine eye drops action in the eyelid position in healthy subjects and in patients with acquired involutional blepharoptosis
Keywords in English
Blepharoptosis
Diagnostic imaging
Eyelids
Phenylephrine/administration & dosage
Abstract in English
INTRODUCTION: There are few studies in the literature on the effect of drugs on the vertical positioning of the eyelids. This issue is important in the analysis of the eyelid dynamics mainly in disorders such as blepharoptosis. The aim of this study is to determine the action of a single drop of 10% phenylephrine on the upper and lower eyelids of healthy subjects and patients with acquired involutional blepharoptosis and observe the occurrence of changes in the positioning of the upper and lower eyelids of the contralateral eye. METHOD: A prospective clinical trial was done with healthy subjects and patients with acquired involutional blepharoptosis. The patients were submitted to the instillation of a single drop of 10% phenylephrine in one eye. All subjects were filmed before and after instillation of medication (3, 10, 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes). The images were submitted to digital processing and edited to analyze lid measurements. A horizontal line was drawn from the medial canthus toward the outer. The upper eyelid height was measured as the distance between the highest point of the upper eyelid margin and the horizontal line drawn. The lower eyelid height was the distance between the lowest point of the margin lower eyelid and the drawn line. RESULTS: Seventy healthy subjects and 40 patients with acquired involutional blepharoptosis were included. Most patients had bilateral (92,5%) and mild blepharoptosis (45%). After 10% phenylephrine instillation, upper lid height showed a mean elevation of 0,92 mm, which was significantly different at all time measurements (p< 0,001). The lower eyelid height changed with a mean retraction of 0,40 mm. In the contralateral eye was observed a fall of upper eyelid in all most all times studied, with the lowest level observed at 3 minutes (with average fall of 0,66 mm). The contralateral lower eyelid showed an average elevation of 0,35 mm. CONCLUSION: Instillation of a single drop of 10% phenylephrine altered the position of upper and lower eyelids on the tested eye, as well as of the contralateral eye on both groups, healthy subjects and patients with acquired involutional blepharoptosis
 
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Publishing Date
2009-02-13
 
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