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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2003.tde-08092014-121132
Document
Author
Full name
Eneida Ribeiro Marinho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2003
Supervisor
Committee
Ribeiro Júnior, Ulysses (President)
Cunha, Jose Eduardo Pereira Monteiro da
Jacob, Carlos Eduardo
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação imunohistoquímica da densidade microvascular em adenocarcinoma gástrico
Keywords in Portuguese
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia
Antígenos CD31
Antígenos CD34
Estadiamento
Estudos retrospectivos
Imunohistoquímica/métodos
Neoplasias gástricas/cirurgia
Neoplasias gástricas/irrigação sangüínea
Neovascularização patológica/cirurgia
Abstract in Portuguese
O crescimento e a progressão tumorais estão associados à indução da angiogênese. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a imunoexpressão do VEGF e a densidade de microvasos em adenocarcinomas gástricos. Espécimes cirúrgicos de 89 pacientes submetidos à ressecção gástrica com dissecção linfonodal a D2 foram analisados quanto à densidade microvascular tumoral. Testes imunohistoquímicos foram realizados utilizando-se os anticorpos CD31, CD34, Fator VIII e VEGF através do método da streptavidina-biotina. Os vasos foram contados nas áreas de maior vascularização tumoral e o VEGF foi graduado de 0 a 3, de acordo com a intensidade da imunocoloração. Os resultados imunohistoquímicos foram comparados com os dados patológicos e de extensão loco-regional da doença. Sessenta pacientes (67,4%) eram do sexo masculino e a média de idade foi 59,9 (±13,8) anos. Os tumores foram classificados em tipo intestinal em 62 casos (69,7%) e em difuso em 27 (30%). Onze pacientes (12,4%) apresentaram tumores precoces. A densidade microvascular apresentou média de 67,8 (±31,5) para o anticorpo CD31 e 94,2 (±39,0) para o CD34. A média do número de vasos corados pelo Fator VIII foi 9,2 (±8,2). Houve uma correlação entre os resultados imunohistoquímicos para CD31 e CD34, com r=0,57 e p=0,01. Segundo o VEGF os tumores foram: grau 0 = 16 (18%), I = 48 (53,9%), II = 16 (18%) e III = 9 (10,1%). Não houve associação entre a DMV e os dados patológicos: tipo histológico, grau de diferenciação, tamanho do tumor, invasão da parede gástrica, metástases linfonodais e metástase à distância. A imunoexpressão do VEGF foi associada com alta DMV (p=0,03) e com o estádio tumoral - TNM (p=0,003). Os resultados deste estudo permitiram concluir que a coloração imunohistoquímica com o Fator VIII não é segura como um marcador de células endoteliais; que os anticorpos CD31 e CD34 foram úteis na avaliação da DMV; e que a imunoexpressão do VEGF pode identificar um comportamento biológico mais agressivo
Title in English
Immunohistochemistry avaliation of microvascular density in gastric adenocarcinoma
Keywords in English
Adenocarcinoma/surgery
Antigens CD31
Antigens CD34
Gastric neoplasms/blood
Gastric neoplasms/surgery
Immunohistochemistry/methods
Neoplasms staging
Neovascularization patologic/surgery
Retrospective studies
Abstract in English
Tumor growth and progression, particularly in aggressive and malignant tumors, are associated with the induction of angiogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of VEGF immunoexpression and microvascular density in gastric adenocarcinomas. Specimens from eightynine patients who underwent gastric resection with DII lymph node dissection were analyzed regarding microvascular density of the tumors. Immunohistochemistry for CD31, CD34, Factor VIII and VEGF were performed using the streptavidin-biotin-method. The vessels were counted in a hot spot area of the tumors and VEGF was categorized as grade 0 to III, according to the intensity. Immunohistochemical results were compared to pathological data and loco-regional extension of the disease. In the results of 89 patients, sixty (67.4%) were men, and the mean age was 59.9 ± 13.8 years. The tumors were classified as intestinal type in 62 (69.7%) and diffuse in 27 (30.3%). Eleven (12.4%) were early gastric tumors. Microvascular density showed a mean of 67.8 (± 31.5) for CD31 and 94.2 (± 39) for CD34 vessels. The mean number of vessels revealed by the antibody Fator VIII was 9.2 (± 8.2). There was a correlation between immunohistochemistry for CD31 and CD34, r = 0.57, p < 0.01. The tumors were classified for VEGF as: grade 0 = 16 (18%); I = 48 (53,9%); II = 16 (18%) and III = 9 (10,1%). There was no association between immunohistochemistry and pathological data including: histologic type, grade of differentiation, tumor size, tumor depth, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. However, VEGF immunoexpression was associated with high microvascular density (p = 0,03) and there was an association between the immunoexpression of VEGF and the tumor stage - TNM (p = 0,003). It was concluded that immunohistochemical staining for anti-Factor VIII was not reliable as a microvascular density marker; CD31 and CD34 were useful to demonstrate microvascular density and VEGF immunoexpression may identify tumors with more aggressive biological behavior
 
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Publishing Date
2014-09-09
 
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