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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2016.tde-04042016-095339
Document
Author
Full name
Suzana Terumi Honda
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Folgueira, Maria Aparecida Azevedo Koike (President)
Maria, Durvanei Augusto
Carraro, Dirce Maria
Title in Portuguese
Influência de fibroblastos de linfonodo axilar de pacientes com câncer de mama na expressão gênica de células mamárias malignas MDA-MB231 e MCF-7
Keywords in Portuguese
Análise de seqüência com séries de oligonucleotídeos
Células epiteliais
Expressão gênica
Fibroblastos
Linfonodos
Neoplasias da mama
Reação em cadeia da polimerase via transcriptase reversa
Técnicas de cocultura
Abstract in Portuguese
O comportamento do câncer de mama pode ser influenciado pela interação entre células tumorais e estromais que infiltram e circundam o tumor. Acredita-se também que as células que compõem o microambiente linfonodal possam influenciar o perfil da expressão gênica de células mamárias malignas MDA-MB231, induzindo ou inibindo o desenvolvimento de metástase regional. Para avaliar essa possibilidade, células MDA-MB231 foram co-cultivadas com fibroblastos obtidos de linfonodos comprometidos ou não comprometidos de pacientes com câncer de mama, separadas por membranas porosas por 72 horas. O perfil da expressão gênica foi avaliado através de uma plataforma de cDNA microarray de 4608 genes. Observamos que 155 e 188 genes foram modulados em células MDA-MB231 na presença de fibroblastos de linfonodos não comprometidos e comprometidos, respectivamente, quando comparados com células MDA-MB231 cultivadas isoladamente. Análise do agrupamento hierárquico não supervisionado utilizando os genes diferencialmente expressos revelou a presença de dois grupos, um constituído por células MDA-MB 231 em monocultura e outro por células mantidas em co-cultura com fibroblastos. Splicing de RNAm, via spliceossoma, ciclo celular e regulação da transcrição por promotores da RNA polimerase II, foram algumas funções moduladas em células MDA-MB231. A seguir novos ensaios de co-cultura foram realizados e a expressão de alguns genes foram analisados por RT-PCR. FN3K e COMT foram menos expressos em células MDA-MB231 na presença de fibroblastos de linfonodos, mas não em co-cultura com células MCF-7, nas quais apenas HTRA1 mostrou-se hipoexpresso em casos de co-cultura com fibroblastos. Esses resultados sugerem que a inter-relação entre células estromais e células tumorais são dependentes do subtipo do tumor, de fenótipo luminal ou basal
Title in English
Influence of axillary lymph node fibroblasts from breast cancer patients in gene expression of malignant breast cells MDA-MB231 and MCF-7
Keywords in English
Breast neoplasms
Coculture techniques
Epithelial cells
Fibroblasts
Gene expression
Lymph nodes
Oligonucleotide array sequence analysis
Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction
Abstract in English
Breast cancer behavior may be influenced by interactions between cancer and stromal cells, which infiltrate and surround the tumor. It is also believed that cells within the lymph node microenvironment may influence the gene expression profile of breast cancer cells, stimulating or inhibiting regional metastasis development. To evaluate this possibility, breast cancer MDAMB231 cells were co-cultured with fibroblasts obtained from involved or uninvolved lymph nodes from breast cancer patients, using a porous membrane, for 72 hours. Gene expression profile was evaluated through a cDNA microarray platform containing 4608 genes. MDA-MB231 cells had 155 and 188 genes modulated by the presence of fibroblasts from uninvolved or involved nodes, respectively, as compared to MDA-MB231 cells cultured alone. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering using the differentially expressed genes revealed the presence of two groups, one comprising MDA-MB231 cells cultured aloned and another one, MDA-MB231 cells co-cultured with fibroblasts. Nuclear mRNA splicing, via spliceosome, cell cycle, and regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter, were functions regulated in cocultured MDA-MB231 cells. New co-culture assays were performed and expression of a few genes was further evaluated by RT-PCR. FN3K and COMT were both down-regulated in MDA-MB231 cells in the presence of nodes' fibroblasts, but not in co-cultured MCF7 cells, while HTRA1 was just down regulated in MCF7 co-cultured cells. These results suggest that the interrelationship between stromal and cancer cells are dependent on the subtype of tumor, whether from luminal or basal-like phenotype
 
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SuzanaTerumiHonda.pdf (5.49 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2016-04-04
 
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