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Thèse de Doctorat
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2017.tde-16022017-144922
Document
Auteur
Nom complet
Rosilene de Melo Menezes
Adresse Mail
Unité de l'USP
Domain de Connaissance
Date de Soutenance
Editeur
São Paulo, 2016
Directeur
Jury
Kowalski, Luiz Paulo (Président)
Magrim, Jose
Vettorazzo, Laura Cristina Sichero
Kanda, Jossi Ledo
Pierulivo, Enrique Mario Boccardo
Titre en portugais
Estudo clínico, patológico e detecção do papillomavírus humano no carcinoma de células escamosas de orofaringe tratados por cirurgia
Mots-clés en portugais
Análise de sobrevida
Carcinoma de célulasescamosas
Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier
Homens
Modelos de riscosproporcionais
Mulheres
Orofaringe
Papillomaviridae
Resumé en portugais
Introdução: O câncer de orofaringe representa 10 a 12 % entre todos os tumores malignos do trato aero digestivo superior com incidência crescente nos Estados Unidos e Europa. O Papillomavírus humano (HPV) está associado aos tumores de orofaringe em até 63%, promovendo uma evolução e prognóstico melhor. Objetivo: Descrever a prevalência do HPV em carcinomas de células escamosas de orofaringe tratados por cirurgia. Analisar a associação entre a presença do HPV e as características demográficas, clínicas, patológicas e terapêuticas. Avaliar a importância da presença do HPV na sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global. Método: Pesquisamos a presença do Papillomavirus humano, por PCR, no anátomo patológico. A descrição da amostra foi realizada através de média, frequência absoluta e relativa. Foi estimada a prevalência do HPV e seu respectivo intervalo de 95% de confiança. A análise da associação entre a presença de HPV e as características demográficas, clínicas e patológicas, foi feita pelo teste de associação pelo quiquadrado. A análise da sobrevida livre de doença e sobrevida global foi feita pelo estimador produto limite de Kaplan-Meier e modelos de risco proporcionais de Cox. Resultados: Os pacientes apresentavam idade variando de 34 a 78 anos, com uma média de 56,9 anos. Apenas 10 mulheres no estudo, totalizando com 76 homens. A maioria dos pacientes eram brancos (83,7%). Até 6 meses foi o tempo que a maioria dos pacientes apresentaram como início dos sintomas (69,0%). O sintoma mais comum foi a odinofagia (38,4%). A amígadala foi a localização mais frequente (69,8%). Quanto ao estádio clínico, o III e o IV apresentavam a maior frequência (71,4%). Forma realizadas cirurgias amplas como as bucofaringectomias em 76 pacientes (88,4%). O esvaziamento cervical ipsilateral foi realizado em 81 pacientes (94,2%) e no contralateral em apenas 21 (24,4%). A prevalência do HPV foi de 57%, e o tipo mais comum foi o 16, em 83,6%. A única associação estatisticamente significativa entre as variáveis do estudo com o HPV, foi o tabagismo, onde todos os não fumantes apresentavam HPV. As taxas de sobrevida livre de doença foram 73,9%, 65,9 e 57,9% respectivamente para 12, 24 e 60 meses. Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa com piores taxas, para idade menor que 55 anos e margens comprometidas. A presença do HPV não influenciou a sobrevida livre de doença, nem a sobrevida global. As taxas de sobrevida global foram 75,6%, 54,7% e 43,0%, respectivamente aos 12, 24 e 60 meses. Houveram piores taxas para o paciente etilista e com recidiva.Conclusão:A presença do HPV não se mostrou importante, como fator prognóstico, nessa série cirúrgica se o paciente for etilista e ou tabagista
Titre en anglais
Clinical and pathological study and detection of human papillomavirus in oropharynx squamous cells carcinoma submitted to surgery
Mots-clés en anglais
Carcinoma squamous cell
Kaplan-Meier estimate
Men
Oropharynx, Survivalanalysis
Papillomaviridae
Proportional hazards models
Women
Resumé en anglais
Introduction:Oropharynx cancer is considered to enact approximately 10 to 12% of the cases among all malignant tumors from the upper aero digestive tract showing significant growth in its frequency rate in The United States and Europe. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is associated to oropharynx cancer in up to 63% of the cases, promoting better evolution and prognostic.Objective:Describe the prevalence of the HPV in oropharynx squamous cells carcinoma submitted to surgery. Investigate the association between HPV presence and the demographic, clinical, pathologic and therapeutic features. Estimate the importance of the HPV existence on the diseasefree survival and overall survival. Material andMethods: The existence of Human papillomavirus was studied through the use of PCR. The sample account was conducted through average, absolute and relative frequency. It has been estimated the prevalence of HPV and its corresponding 95% confidence interval. The association analysis between the presence of HPV and the demographic, clinical and pathological features was completed by the Qui-square association test. The disease-free survival timeline and the overall survival were estimated using the product limit estimator Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards model. Results: The studied patients were aged between 34 and 78, showing an average of 56.9 years of age. There were only 10 women in the study, thus presenting 76 men. Most of the patients were white (83.7%). It has been ascertained that 69.0% of the patients presented the symptoms onset up to the sixth month of the disease. The most common symptom among 38.4% of the cases was odinophagy. In regards to the tumor location 69.8% were found in the amygdala.Clinical stagings III and IV were found to be the ones with greater representation among patients (71.4%). Extensive surgeries such as bucopharyngectomy were performed in 76 patients (88.4%). In order to treat ipsilateral neck 81 patients underwent neck dissection (94.2%). Contralateral neck dissection was applied in 21 patients (24.4%). The prevalence of HPV was of 57%, and the most common type was 16, present in 83.6% of the cases. It was possible to notice smoking as the only statistically significant association, which showed all nonsmoking having HPV. The disease-free survival rates were of 73.9%, 65.9% and 57.9% to 12, 24 and 60 months respectively. The study has shown significant statistical difference with worse rates, to the ones under 55 years of age and presenting compromised margins. HPV presence did not influence the disease-free survival timeline, or the overall survival. The overall survival rates were of 75.6%, 54.7% and 43.0% to 12, 24 and 60 months respectively. Worse rates were found in alcoholic patients as well as in relapse cases. Conclusion: In these surgical series, HPV existence was not identified as an important prognosis factor when considering smokers and/or alcoholic patients
 
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Date de Publication
2017-02-16
 
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