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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2017.tde-29112017-093011
Document
Author
Full name
Mariana Mari Ikoma
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Otake, Andreia Hanada (President)
Santos, Tiago Góss dos
Favero, Giovani Marino
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização de vesículas extracelulares liberadas por células de melanoma murino tratadas com quimioterápicos: possível papel modulador na sobrevivência das celulas tumorais?
Keywords in Portuguese
Cisplatino
Melanoma
Morte celular
Neoplasias cutâneas
Tratamento farmacológico
Vesículas extracelulares
Abstract in Portuguese
O Melanoma é um tipo de neoplasia que se origina de melanócitos normalmente presentes na epiderme. Uma das características do melanoma é a capacidade de adquirir resistência a terapias. As células de melanoma podem aumentar a liberação de vesículas extracelulares (VEs) em resposta ao tratamento com quimioterápicos. A cisplatina (CDDP) e a temozolomida (TMZ) são drogas utilizadas para o tratamento de tumores. Ambas as drogas formam adutos no DNA, mas as vias de sinalização que deflagram a morte celular são distintas. O objetivo desse estudo é investigar a morte celular da linhagem B16-F10 na presença de VEs oriundas de células B16-F10 tratadas com cisplatina CDDP ou TMZ. Inicialmente as VEs oriundas de células de melanoma murino, B16-F10, tratadas com CDDP ou TMZ e seus controles, foram isoladas por ultracentrifugações sucessivas. Para os experimentos in vitro, as células foram tratadas com as drogas em combinação com as respectivas VEs. As amostras foram realizados avaliações de ciclo celular e de morte e ensaio clonogênico. Para os experimentos in vivo, as células B16-F10 foram pré-tratadas com VEs, e posteriormente, as células foram inoculadas via subcutânea em camundongos C57BL/6 e os tumores foram mensurados diariamente. Em nosso estudo concluimos que a metodologia do isolamento de VEs é eficiente. Além disso, observamos que o tratamento com CDDP ou TMZ aumenta a liberação de VEs por células tumorais. Apesar do resultado contraditorio, as VEs liberadas por células tumorais tratadas com quimioterápicos aumentam a capacidade de sobrevivência das células de melanoma in vitro. VEs oriundas de células de melanoma não participam inicialmente da sensibilização à morte de células tumorais causada pelas mesmas drogas, mas a longo prazo, as VEs oriundas de células tratadas com a TMZ podem conferir uma resposta celular de sobrevivência às células tumorais in vitro. In vivo, o resultado é inconclusivo, uma vez que para confirmar se as VEs fazem parte da adaptação tumoral conferindo fenômenos de sobrevivência celular in vivo, é necessário avaliar em outros modelos celulares e animais
Title in English
Characterization of extracellular vesicles released by murine melanoma cells treated with chemotherapeutic agents: a possible modulating role in cell survival?
Keywords in English
Apoptosis
Chemotherapeutic treatment
Cisplatin
Extracellular vesicles
Melanoma
Skin neoplasms
Abstract in English
Melanoma is a neoplasm derived from melanocytes normally present in the skin specifically in the epidermis. One of the malignancies of melanoma is the ability to acquire chemoresistance. Cisplatin (CDDP) and temozolomide (TMZ) are drugs used for the treatment of tumors. Both drugs can form alkylating adducts in DNA, however, the pathways that trigger cell death are distinct. Tumor cells, including melanoma, may increase the release of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in response to chemotherapeutic treatment. The aim of this study is to investigate the cell death phenomenon in B16-F10 cell line in presence of EVs derived from chemotherapeutic-treated B16-F10 cells. For in vitro experiments, the cells were treated with CDDP or TMZ in combination with EVs from chemotherapictreated samples. For in vivo experiments, B16-F10 cells were exposed to EVs and inoculated subcutaneously in C57BL/6 mice. The growth was measured daily. In this work, we established and characterized VEs released by melanoma cells treated with chemotherapics and we established chemotherapics treatments to isolate EVs for next EVs isolation. Our results showed that CDDP or TMZ treatment increase the release of EVs by tumor cells. The EVs released by melanoma cells after CDDP or TMZ treatment seem to increase the survival capacity of melanoma cells. Thus, we concluded that EVs derived from melanoma cells do not participate in the cell death sensitization induced by CDDP or TMZ. However, EVs derived from TMZ treated cells may offer a survival effect to tumor cells in vitro a long term. In vivo, The result is inconclusive since to confirm how VEs are part of the tumor adaptation conferring cellular survival phenomena in vivo, it is necessary to evaluate in other cellular and animal models
 
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Publishing Date
2017-11-29
 
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