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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2007.tde-12032008-100149
Document
Author
Full name
Rômulo César Arnal Bonini
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Moreira, Luiz Felipe Pinho (President)
Buffolo, Enio
Costa, Francisco Diniz Affonso da
Dallan, Luis Alberto Oliveira
Evora, Paulo Roberto Barbosa
Title in Portuguese
Revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio com utilização de enxerto de artéria radial esqueletizada ou com tecidos adjacentes: análise comparativa randomizada
Keywords in Portuguese
Angiografia coronária
Artéria radial/anatomia & histologia
Artéria radial/cirurgia
Ensaios clínicos
Estudos prospectivos
Ponte de artéria coronária
Revascularização miocárdica/métodos
Velocidade de fluxo sanguíneo
Abstract in Portuguese
INTRODUÇÃO: A utilização de enxertos arteriais na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio já está bem estabelecida atualmente pelos cirurgiões cardiovasculares, e sua esqueletização tem apresentado algumas vantagens, a princípio com a artéria torácica interna esquerda. OBJETIVO: Com o objetivo de analisar esse método de dissecção na artéria radial, foram avaliados os desempenhos funcional e hemodinâmico bem como as características morfoanatômicas e histológicas dos enxertos aortocoronários de artéria radial, esqueletizados ou com tecidos adjacentes, na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio. MÉTODOS: Foram comparados 40 pacientes, distribuídos randomicamente em dois grupos. No grupo I foi utilizada artéria radial esqueletizada (20 pacientes) e no grupo II, artéria radial com tecidos adjacentes (20 pacientes), para os ramos marginais da artéria coronária esquerda. No total, 39 pacientes foram submetidos a cinecoronariografia e fluxometria com cateter-guia Doppler de 12 MHz (0,014 polegada, Flowire, Jometrics Inc.), no pós-operatório imediato. RESULTADOS: Os dois grupos apresentaram características demográficas semelhantes. As variáveis intra-operatórias principais da artéria radial também foram semelhantes, com comprimento de 17,1 cm no grupo I e de 16,3 cm no grupo II, e débito livre de 80,3 ml/min no grupo I e de 95,5 ml/min no grupo II. Não foram observadas diferenças morfoanatômicas e histológicas nos grupos comparados. Os diâmetros dos enxertos de artéria radial, calculados por meio de angiografia quantitativa no pós-operatório, foram semelhantes (2,66 mm no grupo I e 2,53 mm no grupo II), assim como as variáveis fluxométricas (fluxo sanguíneo de 54,9 ml/min no grupo I e de 44,28 ml/min no grupo II, e reserva de fluxo de 2,12 no grupo I e de 2 no grupo II). Por outro lado, a cinecoronariografia revelou presença de oclusão em um enxerto e estenose em cinco enxertos no grupo II, enquanto o grupo I apresentou estenose em apenas um enxerto de artéria radial (p = 0,091). CONCLUSÕES: Os enxertos aortocoronários de artéria radial tiveram bom desempenho funcional e hemodinâmico precoce. Não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto ao desempenho funcional e hemodinâmico precoce, e quanto às características morfoanatômicas e histológicas.
Title in English
Surgical revascularization of the myocardium with the use of grafts of the skeletonized radial artery or with surrounding tissues: random comparative analysis
Keywords in English
Blood flow velocity
Bypass coronary artery
Clinical trials
Coronary angiography
Myocardium revascularization/methods
Prospective studies
Radial artery/anatomic & histologic
Radial artery/surgery
Abstract in English
BACKGROUND: The use of artery grafts in the surgical revascularization of the myocardium is currently a well-established procedure by cardiovascular surgeons, and its skeletonization has posed some advantages, in principle, with the left internal thoracic artery. OBJECTIVE: With the purpose of analyzing this radial artery harvest method, the study evaluated the functional and hemodynamic early performance, as well as the morphological anatomic and histological features of the aortic coronary grafts of the radial artery, skeletonized or with surrounding tissues, in the surgical revascularization of the myocardium. METHODS: The study compared 40 patients, randomly distributed in two groups. In Group I, we employed a skeletonized radial artery (20 patients), and in Group II, the radial artery with surrounding tissues (20 patients), for the marginal branches of the left coronary artery. In total, 39 patients underwent cinecoronariography and fluxometry with a 12-MHz Doppler guide catheter (0.014 in., Flowire, Jometrics Inc.), in the immediate postoperative period. RESULTS: Both groups presented similar demographic features. The main intra-surgical variables of the radial artery were also similar, with an extension of 17.1 cm in Group I, and 16.3 cm in Group II, and the free flow was of 80.3 ml/min in Group I, and of 95.5 ml/min in Group II. No morphological anatomic and histological differences were observed in the compared groups. The diameters of the radial artery grafts, which were calculated by quantitative angiography in the postoperative period, were similar (2.66 mm in Group I, and 2.53 mm in Group II), as well as the flow variables (blood flow of 54.9 ml/min in Group I, and of 44.28 ml/min in Group II, and a flow reserve of 2.12 in Group I, and of 2 in Group II). On the other hand, the cinecoronariography revealed the presence of an occlusion in one graft, and of stenosis in five grafts of Group II, while Group I presented stenosis in only one radial artery graft (p = 0.091). CONCLUSIONS: The aortic coronary grafts of the radial artery displayed good functional and hemodynamic early performance. There was no difference between the groups regarding functional and hemodynamic early performance, and the morphological anatomical and histological features.
 
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Publishing Date
2008-06-09
 
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