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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2005.tde-03102014-090752
Document
Author
Full name
Alessandra Choqueta de Toledo Arruda
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2005
Supervisor
Committee
Martins, Milton de Arruda (President)
Jardim, José Roberto de Brito
Lima, Wothan Tavares de
Title in Portuguese
Desenvolvimento de um modelo experimental "in vivo" para o estudo do clearance mucociliar em camundongos normais e com inflamação de vias aéreas: estudo do efeito de medicamentos utilizados no tratamento da asma
Keywords in Portuguese
Asma
Broncodilatadores
Depuração mucociliar
Modelos animais
Muco
Mucosa respiratória
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo do presente trabalho foi propiciar o acesso in vivo ao epitélio respiratório e estudar a frequência de batimento ciliar (FBC) e a diferença de potencial transepitelial (DP) em um modelo murino de doença alérgica das vias aéreas induzida por ovoalbumina. Camundongos Swiss foram sensibilizados com ovoalbumina (OVA) através de duas injeções intraperitoneais de alérgico com o adjuvante hidróxido de alumínio (dias 0 e 14) e quatro inalações de OA 1% (dias 22, 24, 26 e 28). O grupo controle (S) foi tratado com salina 0,9 % seguindo o mesmo protocolo. Após 48h da última inalação, os camundongos foram anestesiados, a traquéia foi exposta longitudinalmente (1x4 mm) e o epitélio pode ser visualizado. A FBC foi mensurada pela técnica estroboscópica antes (basal) e logo após a administração inalatória das drogas (salbutamol e brometo de ipratrópio). A DP foi mensurada nos grupos S e OVA. Foram avaliados o lavado broncoalveolar e o remodelamento do epitélio da cavidade nasal, traquéia e vias aéreas distais. Nenhuma diferença foi encontrada na FBC basal entre os grupos (OVA e S), no entanto o grupo OVA mostrou uma DP basal significativamente menor. A inalação de salbutamol (3.5.10-3M ou 3.5.10-4M) elevou a FBC nos grupos estudados (p<0,05). O brometo de ipratrópio (10- 4M e 6.10-4M) não influenciou a FBC basal. Nossos resultados mostraram que é possível avaliar a FBC e a DP in vivo em um modelo murino de doença pulmonar alérgica crônica, e indicam que o processo inflamatório não afeta a FBC, mas contribui para o aumento de muco nas vias aéreas com conseqüências deletérias ao transporte mucociliar facilitando a retenção
Title in English
In vivo evaluation of the airway epithelium in a murine model of allergic airway disease: effects of inhalatory drugs on ciliary beat frequency
Keywords in English
Airway epithelium
Animal models
Asthma
Bronchodilators
Clearance mucociliary
Mucus
Abstract in English
The aim of the present work was to propitiate the in vivo assessment of the respiratory epithelium. The effects of salbutamol and ipratropium bromide on ciliary beat frequency (CBF) in a murine model of allergic airway disease were addressed. Transepithelial electric potential difference (PD) was also measured in order to verify the integrity of the epithelial barrier. Mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) by two intraperitoneal injections of allergen (days 0 and 14) and four inhalations of OVA 1% (days 22, 24, 26 and 28). The control group was treated with saline following the same procedures. After 48 hs of the last inhalation, mice were anesthetized, trachea was opened longitudinally (1 x 4 mm) and the ciliated epithelium could be visualized. CBF was measured by a modification on the videoscopic technique. We measured the CBF before and just after the administration of aerosolized substances. The PD was also measured on groups OVA and S. Additionally, the eosinophil cell count was measured on broncoalveolar lavage (BAL) in order to access the magnitude of airway inflammation. No difference on baseline CBF was noticed between groups (OVA and S), however the OVA group had a significantly lower PD. The administration of aerosolized capsaicin (3.10-9M) and salbutamol (3.5.10-3M or 3.5.10-4M) increased CBF in all groups studied. Ipratropium bromide (10-4M and 6.10- 4M) did not influence the CBF. The eosinophil cell count in broncoalveolar lavage was higher in OVA group compared to S group. CBF and PD results indicate that the inflammatory process does not affect the ciliary beat frequency but augments the amount of mucus in the airway, with deleterious consequences to the mucociliary transport facilitating mucus retention. Our results demonstrated for the first time the possibiliy of studying airway epithelium in an in vivo murine model of allergic airway disease
 
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Publishing Date
2014-10-03
 
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