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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.5.2007.tde-24102007-125106
Document
Author
Full name
Marília D'Elboux Guimarães Brescia
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Massarollo, Paulo Celso Bosco (President)
Coelho, Fabricio Ferreira
Fernandes, Paulo Manuel Pego
Gonzalez, Adriano Miziara
Sankarankutty, Ajith Kumar
Title in Portuguese
Estudo prospectivo aleatorizado comparando a eficiência clínica dos métodos convencional ou piggyback na drenagem venosa do fígado transplantado
Keywords in Portuguese
Eficiência
Ensaiods clínicos controlados aleatórios
Estudos prospectivos
Pressão venosa
Transplante de fígado/métodos
Veias hepáticas
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo desta pesquisa é comparar a eficiência clínica dos métodos convencional ou piggyback de transplante de fígado (Tx) na reconstrução do efluxo venoso do enxerto. Adicionalmente, pretende-se comparar a eficácia da drenagem venosa do enxerto hepático em diferentes modalidades do método piggyback. Foram estudados 32 pacientes submetidos a Tx pelo método convencional (n=15) ou piggyback (n=17). A pressão da veia hepática livre (PVHL) foi medida por catéter introduzido na veia hepática direita (VHD) do enxerto e a pressão venosa central (PVC) por catéter de Swan-Ganz. As medidas de pressão foram realizadas após a revascularização do enxerto. Gradiente PVHL-PVC superior a 3 mm Hg foi encontrado em 26,7% (4/15) no grupo convencional e 17,6% (3/17) no grupo piggyback (p=0,678). A mediana do gradiente PVC-PVHL foi de 2 mm Hg (0-8 mm Hg) no grupo convencional e 3 mm Hg (0-7 mm Hg) no piggyback (p=0,734). A creatinina sérica (Cr) foi medida no pré-operatório, do 1º ao 7º dia pós-operatório (PO) e no 14º, 21º e 28º PO. A Cr global pós-operatória, calculada pela área sob a curva da Cr vs tempo, foi significativamente maior no grupo convencional (2,04 ± 0,89 vs. 1,41 ± 0,44 mg/dL; p=0,02). Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos quanto à ocorrência de insuficiência renal aguda (p=0,120), definida como Cr maior ou igual a 2,0 mg/dL, quanto ao desenvolvimento de ascite maciça (p=1,000) e em relação à sobrevida dos pacientes (p=0,316). O gradiente PVHL-PVC foi significativamente menor nos casos em que o óstio da VHD é utilizado para reconstrução da via de drenagem venosa no Tx piggyback (1,4 ± 1,4 mm Hg vs. 3,9 ± 1,7 mm Hg; p=0,005). Conclui-se que pacientes submetidos a Tx pelos métodos convencional e piggyback apresentam resultados semelhantes em relação à drenagem venosa do enxerto, ao desenvolvimento de ascite e à sobrevida. Os valores de Cr no PO imediato são significantemente maiores no método convencional. Nos pacientes submetidos a Tx pelo método piggyback, o gradiente PVHL-PVC é menor nos casos em que o óstio da VHD do receptor é incluído para implantação da VCI do enxerto.
Title in English
Prospective randomized trial comparing the clinical efficiency of conventional versus piggyback method in venous drainage of the transplanted liver
Keywords in English
Efficiency
Hepatic veins
Liver transplantation/methods
Prospective studies
Randomized controlled trials
Venous pressure
Abstract in English
The aim of this study is to compare the clinical efficiency of hepatic venous outflow reconstruction in conventional and piggyback method of liver transplantation (LTx). The efficacy of the different types of reconstruction of venous drainage in the piggyback liver transplantation was analyzed by a second purpose. Thirty two patients submitted to LTx by conventional method (n=15) or piggyback method (n=17) were studied. Free hepatic venous pressure (FHVP) was measured using a catheter introduced in right hepatic vein (RHV). Central venous pressure (CVP) was obtained through Swan-Ganz catheter. Pressure measurements were performed after graft reperfusion. A FHVP-CVP gradient higher than 3 mm Hg was observed in 26.7% (4/15) of the conventional and in 17.6% (3/17) of the piggyback patients (p=0.678). Median FHVP-CPV gradient value was 2 mm Hg (0-8 mm Hg) in the conventional and 3 mm Hg (0-7 mm Hg) in the piggyback group (p=0.734). Serum creatinine (Cr) was measured on postoperative days 1 to 7, 14, 21 and 28. Postoperative overall Cr, calculated by area under the curve of Cr vs. time, was significantly higher in conventional group (2.04 ± 0.89 vs. 1.41 ± 0.44 mg/dL; p=0.02). There is no significant difference between the groups regarding occurrence of acute renal failure (p=0,120), defined by Cr maior ou igual a 2,0 mg/dL, development of massive ascites (p=1,000) and patient survival (p=0,316). In piggyback LTx patients, FHVP-CVP gradient was significantly lower when the ostium of the RHV of the recipient is used for venous drainage reconstruction (1.4 ± 1.4 mm Hg vs. 3.9 ± 1.7 mm Hg; p=0.005). In conclusion, patients submitted to conventional or piggyback method of LTx have similar results regarding venous outflow, development of ascites and survival. The postoperative Cr values are significantly higher in conventional method. Patients submitted to piggyback LTx present a lower FHVP-CVP gradient when the ostium of the RHV of the recipient is included for implantation of the graft inferior vena cava.
 
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mariliadegbrescia.pdf (8.06 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2007-11-06
 
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