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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.1999.tde-26042006-110406
Document
Author
Full name
Leila Strazza de Azevedo
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 1999
Supervisor
Committee
Massad, Eduardo (President)
Ayres, Jose Ricardo de Carvalho Mesquita
Souza, Lidio de
Title in Portuguese
Diferenças de Gênero e Risco para Infecção pelo HIV em Adolescentes Internos da Fundação Estadual para o Bem-Estar do Menor de São Paulo FEBEM.
Keywords in Portuguese
Adolescente institucionalizado/psicologia
Comportamento do adolescente
Estudos soroepidemiológicos
Fatores de risco
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Abstract in Portuguese
Com o objetivo de obter a prevalência de anticorpos anti-HIV e comportamentos de risco relacionados entre adolescentes infratores, foram entrevistados 1122 e 93 jovens do sexo masculino e feminino, respectivamente, internados na FEBEM (FundaçãoEstadual para o Bem-Estar do Menor de São Paulo). Ao mesmo tempo obteve-se uma amostra de sangue para sorologia. O questionário avaliou os seguintes comportamentos: prática sexual, uso de drogas ilícitas, conhecimento sobre a AIDS. A soroprevalência para o HIV foi obtida erelacionada com os comportamentos de risco por análise uni-, bi- e multivariada. A positividade para o HIV foi 2,6% e 10,3% para sexo masculino e feminino, respectivamente. O risco de transmissão parenteral foi maior que o de transmissão sexualentre meninos, sendo o contrário nas meninas
Title in English
Gender differences on the risk to HIV infection in adolescents interned at the Fundação Estadual para o Bem-estar do Menor de São Paulo FEBEM
Keywords in English
Adolescent behavior
Adolescent institutionalized/psychology
HIV Infections/epidemiology
HIV Infections/transmission
Risk factors
Seroepidemiologic studies
Abstract in English
In order to study the prevalence of HIV and related risky behaviors among disadvantaged youth, we interviewed and bled, between December 1994 and April 1995, 1122 young male and 93 young female who were serving time in FEBEM, a state institution that cares for homeless and offender youth of São Paulo, Brazil. Our questionnaire covered the following areas: sexual practices and use of illicit drugs: knowledge of HIV and STDs and their prevention; and myths and beliefs about AIDS. Seroprevalence of HIV was assessed and related with risk-taking behaviors by means of uni-,bi- and multivariate analysis. We found 2.6% of the males and 10.3% of the females to be positive to HIV. The prevalence of HCV antibodies resulted in 5.9% for males and 4.6% for females, respectively. The risk for parenterally transmitted HIV among males was higher than that for sexually related transmission. The inverse relationship was found among females.
 
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leilastrazzadissert.pdf (141.88 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2006-05-09
 
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