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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2016.tde-24022016-150834
Document
Author
Full name
Bruno Tadeu Martins de Oliveira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Tibério, Iolanda de Fátima Lopes Calvo (President)
Capelozzi, Vera Luiza
Righetti, Renato Fraga
Title in Portuguese
Efeito do inibidor de proteinase de origem vegetal BbKl, sobre a lesão pulmonar induzida pela elastase em camundongos C57/Bl6
Keywords in Portuguese
Bauhinia
Camundongos
Doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica
Elastase pancreática
Enfisema pulmonar
Estresse oxidativo
Inflamacao
Inibidores de proteases
Remodelamento das vias aéreas
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: O desequilibrio protease-antiprotease é fundamental para a fisiopatologia da doença pulmonar obstrutiva crónica (DPOC). No entanto, poucos estudos para a inibição da elastase têm sido investigados. Objetivo: O nosso estudo avaliou a capacidade do inibidor proteinase derivada da planta Bauhinia bauhinioides (BbKI) na modulação da inflamação pulmonar induzida pela elastase. Métodos: Camundongos C57BL receberam instilação intratraqueal de elastase (0,025 mg, ELA n=6) ou solução salina (SAL n=6) e foram tratados por via intraperitoneal com BbKI (2 mg/kg, de ELA-BbKI n=6, SAL-BbKI n=6) nos dias 1, 14 e 21. No dia 28 foram realizadas as seguintes análises: (I) avaliação da mecânica pulmonar (II) medida do óxido nítrico exalado (ENO), (III) a determinação do número de céluas no lavado broncoalveolar (FLBA), e ( IV) coloração imunohistoquímica do fluído pulmonar, (V) intercepto linear médio (Lm), Resultados: Além de diminuir alterações mecânicas e a lesão do septo alveolar (Lm), BbKI reduziu o número de células no fluido de FLBA e diminuiu a expressão celular de TNF-alfa, MMP-9, MMP-12, TIMP-1, eNOS e iNOS em vias aéreas e nas paredes alveolares em comparação com o grupo de ELA (p < 0,05). BbKI diminuiu a proporção de volume de 8-iso-PGF2, as fibras colagenas e as elásticas nas vias aéreas e paredes alveolares em comparação com o grupo de ELA (p < 0,05). Houve redução do número de células para positivas MUC-5 nas paredes das vias aéreas (p < 0,05). Houve redução do número de neutrófilos em vias aereas e parenquima e de macrófagosnas paredes alveolares. Conclusão: BbKI foi eficaz na redução da inflamação pulmonar, mecânica pulmonar e do remodelamento da matriz extracelular induzida por elastase. BbKI pode ser uma ferramenta farmacológica potencial para o tratamento da DPOC; no entanto, são necessárias análises adicionais
Title in English
Plant-derived proteinase inhibitor Bauhinia Bauhinioides Kallikrein Inhibitor (BbKI) attenuates elastase-induced emphysema in mice
Keywords in English
Airway remodeling
Bauhinia
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Inflammation
Mice
Oxidative stress
Pancreatic elastase
Protease inhibitors
Pulmonary emphysema
Abstract in English
Introduction: The protease-antiprotease imbalance is essential to the pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, few studies for inhibition of elastase have been investigated. Objective: Our study evaluated the ability of proteinase inhibitor derived Bauhinia bauhinioides plant (BbKI) in modulating lung inflammation induced by elastase. Methods: Mice C57BL received intratracheal elastase instillation (0.025 mg, ELA n = 6) or saline (SAL n = 6) and were treated intraperitoneally with BbKI (2 mg/kg of ELA-BbKI n = 6, SAL-BbKI n = 6) on days 1, 14 and 21. On the 28th the following analyzes were performed: (i) assessment of pulmonary mechanics (II) measurement of exhaled nitric oxide (ENO), (III) determining the number of cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and (IV) immunohistochemical staining of lung fluid, (V) mean linear intercept (Lm) Results: In addition to reducing mechanical changes and Lm, BbKI reduced the number of cells in BALF fluid and decreased cellular expression of TNF-alfa, MMP-9, MMP-12, TIMP-1, eNOS and iNOS in the airway and alveolar walls compared with ELA group (p < 0.05). BbKI decreased volume proportion of 8-iso-PGF2, collagen fibers and elastic airway and alveolar walls compared with ELA group (p < 0.05). There was a reduction from MUC-5 positive cells in the airway walls (p < 0.05). There was a reduction in the number of neutrophils in airway and alveolar walls (p < 0.005) and a reduction in macrophages in alveolar walls (p < 0.005). Conclusion: BbKI was effective in reducing inflammation, pulmonary mechanics and remodeling of the extracellular matrix induced by elastase. BbKI may be a potential pharmacological agent for the treatment of COPD; however, additional tests are required
 
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Publishing Date
2016-02-25
 
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