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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2013.tde-08112013-094537
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Carolina Bazan de Carvalho
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Bydlowski, Sergio Paulo (President)
Maselli, Luciana Morganti Ferreira
Lucas, Silvia Regina Ricci
Title in Portuguese
Expressão da resistência à múltiplas drogas em células-tronco mesenquimais do cordão umbilical humano
Keywords in Portuguese
Células-tronco adultas
Células-tronco multipotentes
Cordão umbilical
Geleia de Wharton
Genes MDR
Abstract in Portuguese
INTRODUÇÃO: As células-tronco mesenquimais (CTM) são células adultas multipotentes capazes de se diferenciarem em várias linhagens celulares. Estudos com CTM derivadas do cordão umbilical humano (CUh), mais especificamente da Geleia de Wharton (GW), tem demonstrado um grande potencial para a terapia de reposição celular e regeneração tecidual. O papel dos genes de resistência a múltiplas (MDR) drogas, tais como ABCB1 e LRP é bem conhecido nos processos de regulação, fisiologia e defesa. Entretanto, nenhum estudo demonstrou ainda a presença desses genes nas CTM da GW do CUh. Assim, o objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar a expressão de Pg-p e LRP em CTM derivadas da GW. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: CTMs da GW isoladas de CUh (n = 20) foram caracterizadas quanto ao seu estado indiferenciado por: citometria de fluxo; expressão de genes Oct-4 e Nanog por RT-PCR e capacidade de diferenciação adipogênica e osteogênica in vitro. Foi analisado ainda a expressão dos genes ABCB1 e LRP por RT-PCR em tempo real de células indiferenciadas. A resistência a doxorrubicina (DOX) foi determinada através do ensaio de MTT nessas mesmas amostras. RESULTADOS: As CTM da GW do CUh apresentaram positividade para marcadores de superfície presentes nas CTM, tais como, CD29, CD44, CD90 e CD105. Os genes de indiferenciação celular Oct-4 e Nanog foram expressos em todas as amostras, que também foram capazes de se diferenciar em adipócitos e osteócitos, comprovando assim que essas células são CTM. Com relação à Pg-p, o gene ABCB1 não amplificou em 18 amostras sendo que somente 2 apresentaram baixa expressão gênica. O gene LRP amplificou de forma intensa em todas as amostras analisadas. CONCLUSÃO: Concluímos que as CTM derivadas da GW do CUh apresentam um elevado nível de expressão de LRP, sugerindo que este gene pode estar envolvido no processo de regulação das células-tronco mesenquimais, bem como na fisiologia e defesa celular
Title in English
Multidrug Resistance Expression in Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Human Umbilical Cord
Keywords in English
Adult stem
Genes MDR
Multipotent stem cells
Umbilical cord
Wharton jelly
Abstract in English
INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent adult cells that can differentiate into various cell lineages. Studies with MSC derived from human umbilical cord (hUC), more specifically from Wharton jelly (WJ), have shown great potential for cellular replacement therapy and tissue regeneration. The role of multidrug resistance genes, such as ABCB1 and LRP is well known in the regulation, physiology and cellular defense. However, the presence of these genes in the MSC of the WJ from hUC was not demonstrated yet. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of Pg-p and LRP in MSCs derived from WJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MSC from WJ were isolated from hUC (n = 20) and were characterized by: flow cytometry; Oct-4 and Nanog gene expression by RT-PCR and adipogenic and osteogenic in vitro differentiation capability of these cells. It was also analyzed gene expression of ABCB1 and LRP by real time RT-PCR of undifferentiated cells. Doxorubicin (DOX) resistance was determined by MTT assay in all the samples. RESULTS: MSC WJ from hUC was positive for MSC surface markers, such as CD29, CD44, CD90 and CD105. The undifferentiated cell genes Oct-4 and Nanog were expressed in all samples, which were also capable to differentiate into adipocytes and osteocytes, proving that these cells are MSC. Concerning to Pgp, the ABCB1 gene, 18 samples didn't show any amplification product (no expression) while 2 showed little gene expression. The LRP gene amplified intensely in all samples. CONCLUSION: We conclude that MSC derived from the WJ hUC have a high level of LRP expression, suggesting that this gene may be involved in the regulation of mesenchymal stem cells as well as in physiology and cellular defense
 
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Publishing Date
2013-11-13
 
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