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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2017.tde-10012017-095656
Document
Author
Full name
Mari Cleia Martins Rodrigues Ferreira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Pereira, Juliana (President)
Hallack Neto, Abrahão Elias
Levy, Débora
Title in Portuguese
Estudo da expressão do gene hSecurina e quantificação do índice de DNA em portadores assintomáticos do vírus linfotrópico T humano tipo 1 e pacientes com leucemia/linfoma de células T do adulto
Keywords in Portuguese
Aneuploidia
Ciclo celular
Citometria de fluxo
Leucemia-linfoma de células T do adulto
Securina
Vírus 1 linfotrópico T Humano
Abstract in Portuguese
INTRODUÇÃO: A Leucemia/linfoma de células T do Adulto (ATL) é uma doença maligna de fenótipo T CD3+/CD4+/CD25+/CD7- e, geneticamente, apresenta cariótipo complexo e aneuploidia. Clinicamente muito agressiva e ainda incurável, está associada ao vírus linfotrópico T humano do tipo-1 que, preferencialmente, infecta linfócitos T CD4+. Dos indivíduos portadores do HTLV-1, somente 3-5% irão evoluir para ATL e após longo período de latência. Entretanto, os fatores virais ou do hospedeiro que estão associados com a progressão para ATL permanecem desconhecidos. O proto-oncogene hSecurina é um regulador mitótico importante para o processo de segregação cromossômica durante a separação das cromátides irmãs e está envolvido na patogênese de vários tumores. Com o objetivo de avaliar o conteúdo de DNA, o ciclo celular e a expressão do gene hSecurina em células T CD4+ e CD8+ dos portadores assintomáticos do HTLV-1 em comparação com ATL e indivíduos saudáveis, nos propusemos a realizar o presente estudo. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 38 portadores assintomáticos do HTLV-1, 20 casos de ATL pareados por sexo e idade com 35 indivíduos saudáveis. Foram estudados, individualmente, os subtipos linfocitários T CD4+ e CD8+, sendo o ciclo celular avaliado por citometria de fluxo e a expressão do gene hSecurina pela reação em cadeia da polimerase quantitativa em Tempo Real. RESULTADOS: Neste estudo, observamos parada de maturação de linfócitos T CD4+ na fase G0/G1 em portadores assintomáticos do HTLV-1 com diferença estatisticamente significante em comparação aos grupos-controle (p=0,041) e ATL (p=0,023). No grupo de portadores assintomáticos, observamos correlação inversa entre a porcentagem de células em G0/G1 e expressão de hSecurina (p=0,018) em linfócitos T CD4+. Porém, neste mesmo grupo, houve correlação direta entre porcentagem de células em fase S e expressão de hSecurina em linfócitos T CD4+ (p=0,001). Como esperado, observou-se maior fase S em ATL em comparação aos grupos-controle (p=0,020) e portador do HTLV-1 (p < 0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Neste estudo, demonstramos que linfócitos T CD4+ de portadores assintomáticos do vírus HTLV-1 apresentam atraso no ciclo celular com aumento de células na fase G0/G1. Este retardo da progressão do ciclo celular correlacionou-se de forma inversamente proporcional à expressão do gene hSecurina
Title in English
Study of the expression of the gene hSecurin and quantification of index DNA in asymptomatic human T-lymphotropic virus 1 carriers and patients with adult T-cell leukemia/ lymphoma
Keywords in English
Aneuploidy
Cell cycle
Flow cytometry
Human T-lymphotropic virus 1
Leukemia-lymphoma adult T-cell
Securin
Abstract in English
INTRODUCTION: Adult T-Cell Leukemia (ATL) is a malignant disease of the CD3+/CD4+/CD25+/CD7- T-lymphocytes and genetically features complex karyotypes and aneuploidy. It is a clinically aggressive disease, which is yet incurable. It is associated with the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) that preferentially infects CD4+ T-lymphocytes. Among all individuals that carry HTLV-1, only 3-5% will develop ATL and that too after a long latency period. However, the viral or host factors that are associated with the progression of ATL remain unknown. The proto-oncogene hSecurin is an important mitotic regulator for the process of chromosome segregation during sister chromatid separation and is involved in the pathogenesis of various tumors. We decided to conduct this study in order to analyze the DNA content, cell cycle, and expression of the hSecurin gene in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells of asymptomatic HTLV-1 carriers compared with that in ATL and healthy individuals. METHODS: We evaluated 38 asymptomatic HTLV-1 carriers, 20 patients with ATL, and 35 healthy subjects paired by sex and age. We individually studied the lymphocyte subtypes T CD4+ and CD8+; their cell cycles were evaluated by flow cytometry, and the expression of the hSecurin gene was analyzed using quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: We observed lymphocyte maturation arrest in CD4+ T cells in the G0/G1 phase of asymptomatic HTLV-1 carriers with a statistically significant difference compared to that in the control (p = 0.041) and ATL (p = 0.023) groups. In the asymptomatic HTLV-1 carrier group, we also found an inverse correlation between the percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase and the hSecurin expression (p = 0.018) in TCD4+ lymphocytes. However, in this same group, there was also a direct correlation between the percentage of S phase cells and hSecurin expression in TCD4+ lymphocytes (p = 0.001). As expected, there was a higher number of S phase cells in the ATL group compared to that in the control (p = 0.020) and asymptomatic HTLV-1 carrier (p < 0.001) groups. CONCLUSION: In this study, we demonstrated that CD4 + T lymphocytes from asymptomatic HTLV-1 virus carriers present cell cycle arrest with increased G0/G1 phase cells. This delay in cell cycle progression correlated inversely with the expression of the hSecurin gene
 
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Publishing Date
2017-01-10
 
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