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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2017.tde-19062017-115114
Document
Author
Full name
Suelen Feitoza Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Bydlowski, Sergio Paulo (President)
Isaac, Cesar
Rodrigues, Alessandro
Soriano, Francisco Garcia
Title in Portuguese
Ação dos oxisteróis nos processos de proliferação e morte das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas de tecido adiposo
Keywords in Portuguese
Apoptose
Células tronco mesenquimais
Hiperpolarização mitocondrial
Morte celular
Oxisterol
Tecido adiposo
Abstract in Portuguese
As células-tronco mesenquimais são células multipotentes caracterizadas pela capacidade de autorrenovação e diferenciação. Os oxisteróis abrangem um grande grupo heterogêneo derivado do colesterol pela da oxidação enzimática e não enzimática. Os efeitos dos oxisteróis no processo de morte celular, incluindo citotoxicidade e indução de apoptose, foram descritos em diversas linhagens celulares. No entanto, os efeitos dos oxisteróis são pouco conhecidos nas células-tronco mesenquimais. O 7-cetocolesterol (7-KC), um dos mais importantes oxisteróis, foi mostrado ser citotóxico em células-tronco mesenquimais de tecido adiposo. Sendo assim, este estudo descreve os efeitos citotóxicos de curta duração (24 horas) dos oxisteróis colestane-3alfa-5beta-6alfa-triol, 3,5 colestane-7-ona, (3alfa-5beta-6alfa)-colestane-3,6-diol,7-oxocolesterol-5-en-3-beta-il acetato e 5beta-6beta epoxi-colesterol em células-tronco derivadas de tecido adiposo. Os oxisteróis 3,5 colestane-7-ona e 7-oxocolesterol-5-en-3-beta-il acetato não promoveram morte celular e nem afetaram a proliferação celular. Os outros oxisteróis promoveram apoptose, necrose e autofagia, dependendo do tipo de oxisterol e da concentração. O colestane-3alfa-5beta-6alfa-triol foi o mais efetivo. A inibição da proliferação também foi promovida pelos oxisteróis, porém não foi observada alteração no ciclo celular
Title in English
Action of oxysterols in proliferation and death processes of mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue
Keywords in English
Adipose tissue
Apoptosis
Cell death
Mesenchymal stem cell
Mitochondrial hyperpolarization
Oxysterol
Abstract in English
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells characterized by self-renewal and cellular differentiation capabilities. Oxysterols comprise a very heterogeneous group derived from cholesterol through enzymatic and non-enzymatic oxidation. Potent effects in cell death processes, including cytoxicity and apoptosis induction, were described in several cell lines. Very little is known about the effects of oxysterols in MSCs. 7-ketocholesterol (7-KC), one of the most important oxysterols, was shown to be cytotoxic to human adipose tissue-derived MSCs. Here, we describe the short-term (24 h) cytotoxic effects of cholestan-3alpha-5beta-6alpha-triol, 3,5 cholestan-7-one, (3alpha-5beta-6alpha)-cholestane-3,6-diol,7-oxocholest-5-en-3-beta-yl acetate, and 5beta-6beta epoxy-cholesterol, on MSCs derived from human adipose tissue. 3,5 cholestan-7-one and 7-oxocholest-5-en-3-beta-yl acetate did not promoted cell death or affect cell proliferation. The other oxysterols led to a complex mode of cell death that could include apoptosis, necrosis and autophagy, depending on the type of oxysterol and concentration. Cholestan-3alpha-5beta-6alpha-triol was the most effective. Inhibition of proliferation was also promoted by these oxysterols, but no changes in cell cycle were observed
 
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Publishing Date
2017-06-20
 
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