• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2012.tde-22012013-154327
Document
Author
Full name
Viviane Dias Faustino
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Bydlowski, Sergio Paulo (President)
Gidlund, Magnus Ake
Pereira, Juliana
Title in Portuguese
Inibição simultânea dos genes antiapoptóticos Bcl-2 e Bcl-XL em células de leucemia  linfoide aguda e células de linfoma do manto mediante RNA de interferência
Keywords in Portuguese
Apoptose
Genes Bcl-2
Inibição simultânea
Interferência de RNA
Neoplasias
Proteína Bcl-XL
Terapia de genes
Abstract in Portuguese
As estatísticas relacionadas aos cânceres hematológicos indicam que a incidência e mortalidade dessas doenças têm aumentado ao longo dos anos. Embora a maioria dos casos de linfomas e leucemias não possua etiologia definida, sugere-se que fatores genéticos possam estar envolvidos. Nesse contexto, destaca-se a família de proteínas Bcl-2, divididas em anti e pró-apoptóticas. Os genes Bcl-2 e Bcl-XL, membros de uma nova classe de oncogenes, que atuam no mecanismo de morte celular das células cancerígenas, sobretudo apoptose, a qual é controlada por numerosos sinais intra e extracelulares. Uma nova estratégia para o tratamento desta doença inclui a terapia gênica mediada por RNA de interferência, que silencia importantes genes, a exemplo dos genes da família Bcl-2. Visto que o silenciamento isolado de um único gene pode não ter resultados expressivos, o presente trabalho teve por objetivo desenhar um RNA de interferência (RNAi) homólogo a dois tipos distintos de RNA mensageiro (RNAm) e inibir simultaneamente os genes Bcl-2 e Bcl-XL,assim como testar a inibição isolada dos mesmos. Amostras de linhagem tumoral Jurkat e Granta-519 foram avaliadas após transfecção com os seguintes RNA:i Bcl-2,Bcl-XL, Bcl-2/Bcl-XL,Bcl-2+Bcl-XL e scramble. Os nossos achados evidenciam que, na linhagem Granta-519, a sequência do RNAi Bcl-2 inibe, isoladamente ou conjugado ao Bcl-XL, o gene Bcl-2. Deste modo, o RNAi Bcl-2 apresenta-se mais eficiente no mecanismo de silenciamento gênico, uma vez que propicia a morte celular frente a toxicidade do quimioterápico etoposide.
Title in English
Simultaneous inhibition of antiapoptóticosBcl-2 and Bcl-XL genes acute lymphocytic leukemia and mantle cell lymphoma by RNA interference
Keywords in English
Apoptosis
Bcl-2 gene
Gene therapy
Neoplasms
Protein Bcl-XL
RNA interference
Simultaneous inhibition
Abstract in English
The hematological cancer statistics indicates that its incidence and mortality have increased over the years. Although most cases of lymphomas and leukemias has no definite etiology however is suggested that genetic factors may be involved. In this context there is the Bcl-2 proteins family divided into anti-apoptotic and pro-apoptotic which Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL genes are members of a new class of oncogenes that act in cancer cells death mechanisms, especially apoptosis, that is controlled by numerous intra-and extracellular signals. Among new strategies to treat hematological cancer includes gene therapy mediated by RNA interference, which can decrease expression of genes like Bcl-2 family components. Studies of single gene silencing have not shown significant results so this study aimed to design an RNA interference (iRNA) homologous to two distinct types of messenger RNA (mRNA) and inhibit both genes Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL -XL as well as test the inhibition. Commercial cells Jurkat and Granta-519 were evaluated after transfection with iRNA as follows: Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, Bcl-2/Bcl-XL, Bcl-2+Bcl-XL and scramble. Our findings show that in Granta-519 cell line Bcl-2 RNAi sequence inhibits, alone or conjugated to Bcl-XL, Bcl-2 gene. Thus RNAi Bcl-2 appears more effective in gene silencing mechanism as it promotes cell death due chemotherapeutic agent etoposide toxicity.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Publishing Date
2013-01-24
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.