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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2013.tde-01082013-134115
Document
Author
Full name
Andréia Silva Evangelista
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Cançado, Eduardo Luiz Rachid (President)
Pinho, João Renato Rebello
Corrêa, Esther Buzaglo Dantas
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização fenotípica e genotipagem HFE em portadores de doença hepática crônica com sobrecarga de ferro
Keywords in Portuguese
Carcinoma hepatocelular/etiologia
Fenótipo
Gene HFE
Genótipo
Hemocromatose
Hemocromatose/etiologia
Hepatopatias
Mutação/genética
Sobrecarga de ferro
Sobrecarga de ferro/genética
Abstract in Portuguese
A doença hepática associada a sobrecarga de ferro pode ocorrer devido a causas genéticas ou secundárias. Esse estudo avaliou pacientes com hepatopatia crônica com sobrecarga de ferro submetidos à pesquisa das mutações HFE no período de 2007-2009 e classificou como portadores de hemocromatose hereditária HFE (HH-HFE) aqueles que apresentavam as mutações C282Y/C282Y ou C282Y/H63D e como sobrecarga de ferro não HFE aqueles que apresentavam outras mutações no gene HFE como C282Y/-, H63D/- e H63D/H63D ou pacientes sem qualquer uma dessas mutações mencionadas. Os objetivos do estudo foram 1) analisar e correlacionar os aspectos fenotípicos e genotípicos de grupo de indivíduos com doença hepática crônica e sobrecarga de ferro; 2) caracterizar o quadro clínico, laboratorial e anatomopatológico, em busca de achados compatíveis com o fenótipo de hemocromatose; 3) Correlacionar o quadro clínico com as mutações no gene HFE. Foram analisados 108 indivíduos portadores de hepatopatia crônica selecionados a partir de saturação de transferrina (ST) > 45% e ferritina sérica > 350 ng/mL. Foram estudados e comparados 16 pacientes no grupo HH-HFE com 92 no grupo sobrecarga de ferro não HFE. Da casuística geral, a idade média ao diagnóstico da doença foi de 46,69 anos (16-77), com 70,73% constituída por indivíduos de cor branca, 77,57% do sexo masculino e 64,8% tinham cirrose hepática. A frequência de cirrose hepática não diferiu entre os grupos, entretanto, artropatia, carcinoma hepatocelular, diabetes e osteoporose foram mais frequentes no grupo HH- HFE (53,8% x 15,9%, 31,2% x 7,06%, 56,2% x 30%, 72,7% x 32,1%, respectivamente, p < 0,05). Os pacientes com mutações HFE diagnósticas de HH apresentaram maior chance de ter carcinoma hepatocelular (OR= 5,0, p= 0,032) quando comparados com os portadores de outros genótipos HFE e aqueles sem mutação. Os níveis de ST, ferro e ferritina também foram maiores naquele grupo, bem como os graus de siderose 3 e 4 (p= 0,026). A ST foi a variável que se correlacionou independentemente com o diagnóstico das mutações C282Y/C282Y e C282Y/H63D. A frequência de fatores de risco para sobrecarga de ferro não diferiu entre os grupos. Observou-se, entretanto, que no grupo HH-HFE havia maior número de pacientes sem qualquer fator de risco detectado (p= 0,019). Níveis de ST > 82% apresentaram maior valor preditivo negativo para o diagnóstico de HH-HFE do que os de ferritina, ferro, capacidade total de ligação de ferro e de transferrina. Concluímos que os portadores de HH-HFE têm maiores graus de sobrecarga de ferro quando comparados ao grupo de sobrecarga de ferro não-HFE; em indivíduos com doença hepática crônica. ST > 82% tem maior acurácia para diagnóstico de HH-HFE; portadores de mutações C282Y em homozigose ou em heterozigose composta com H63D têm maior chance de apresentar carcinoma hepatocelular do que os portadores de outras mutações no gene HFE e pacientes sem mutação
Title in English
Phenotypic characteristics and HFE genotyping in patients with liver disease and iron overload
Keywords in English
Carcinoma hepatocellular/etiology
Genotype
Hemochromatosis
Hemochromatosis/etiology
HFE gene
Iron overload
Iron overload/genetics
Liver diseases
Mutation
Phenotype
Abstract in English
Chronic liver disease related to iron overload may occur due to genetic or secondary causes. This study analyzed patients with chronic liver diseases and iron overload who were tested for HFE mutations from 2007 to 2009. Patients with C282Y/C282Y or C282Y/H63D mutations were diagnosed with HFE hereditary hemochromatosis (HFE-HH) and those with other HFE genotypes (C282Y/-, H63D/- or H63D/H63D) or individuals without HFE mutations (wild type) were designed as non-HFE iron overload. The aims of this study were: 1) to analyze and to establish correlations between phenotypic and genotypic aspects of individuals with chronic liver disease and with iron overload; 2) to charachterize the clinical manifestations, laboratory and histological findings consistent with the phenotype of hemochromatosis; 3) to verify associations between clinical manifestations and HFE mutations. One hundred and eight patients with chronic liver diseases and with iron overload, defined as transferrin saturation (TS) > 45% and serum ferritin levels > 350 ng/mL were included. Sixteen patients had HH-HFE and were compared with 92 patients with non-HFE iron overload group. The average of age at diagnosis was 46.69 years (16-77), 70.73% were Caucasians, 77.57% were male and 64.8% had hepatic cirrhosis. The proportion of hepatic cirrhosis was similar in both groups, nevertheless arthropathy, hepatocellular carcinoma, diabetes and osteoporosis were more frequent in the HFE-HH group (53,8% x 15,9%, 31,2% x 7,06%, 56,2% x 30%, 72,7% x 32,1%, respectively, p < 0,05). The HFE C282Y/C282Y or C282Y/ H63D genotypes had a higher chance to develop hepatocellular carcinoma (OR= 5.0, p= 0.032) when compared with the other HFE genotypes and with those wild type. The levels of TS, serum iron and ferritin were greater in HFE-HH group, as well as hepatic siderosis grade 3 and 4 (p= 0.026). TS was the biochemical marker of iron overload with the higher independent correlation with the presence of C282Y/C282Y and C282Y/H63D mutations. The frequency of risk factors for iron overload was not different between the groups, however, in HFE-HH group a greater number of patients without any risk factor was detected (p= 0.019). TS > 82% had a higher predictive negative value for diagnosing HFE-HH when compared to the levels of ferritin, serum iron, total iron binding capacity and transferrin. We concluded that the HFE-HH patients had a greater iron overload than patients with chronic liver diseases with non-HFE iron overload. TS > 82% had more accuracy to diagnose HFE-HH. The carriers of C282Y/C282Y or C282Y/H63D mutations had a higher probability to develop hepatocellular carcinoma, when compared to the patients with HFE genotypes and patients wild type
 
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Publishing Date
2013-08-02
 
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