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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.5.2017.tde-03052017-144700
Document
Author
Full name
Diego Mateus de Souza
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Ribeiro Júnior, Ulysses (President)
Araujo, Sergio Eduardo Alonso
Forones, Nora Manoukian
Title in Portuguese
Análise de polimorfismos da enzima metilenotetrahidrofolato redutase no câncer colorretal
Keywords in Portuguese
Genes
Metilenotetra-hidrofolato redutase (NADPH2)
Neoplasias
Neoplasias colorretais
Polimorfismo de nucleotídeo único
Polimorfismo genético
Sobrevida
Abstract in Portuguese
Estudos de polimorfismos podem auxiliar na detecção de pessoas com maior risco de desenvolver câncer, caracterização de evolução diferenciada e resposta distinta ao tratamento quimioterápico ou radioterápico. O conhecimento de como estão distribuídas as frequências genotípicas é relevante quando se estuda uma população específica. Neste trabalho foi analisado os polimorfismos da enzima metilenotetrahidrofolatoredutase (MTHFR) em pacientes com Câncer Colorretal (CCR). A MTHFR tem papel importante no metabolismo do folato, metilação e síntese do DNA. A metilação do DNA desempenha um papel crítico no controle da atividade gênica. As vias de metilação e variações do gene MTHFR podem afetar o desenvolvimento do câncer e prognósticos de doenças, com isso seus efeitos precisam ser monitorados de perto no tratamento do câncer. Os genótipos variantes dos polimorfismos MTHFR677 C >T e MTHFR1298 A>C do gene da MTHFR estão associados à diminuição importante da atividade desta enzima. Este trabalho teve como objetivo verificar a frequência dos polimorfismos MTFR (677C > T e 1298A > C) em pacientes com adenocarcinomacolorretal e analisar estas frequências com os dados clinicopatológicos, incluindo-se: sexo, idade, localização tumoral, tipo histológico, antecedentes de tabagismo e alcoolismo e sobrevida dos pacientes. Duzentos e vinte cinco pacientes com o diagnóstico de adenocarcinomacolorretal, histologicamente confirmado, admitidos no Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo formam o grupo caso. Utilizou-se a análise do PCR em Tempo Real para determinar os genótipos os polimorfismos através dos ensaios TaqMan ® SNP GenotypingAssay. Os resultados encontrados foram associados aos dados epidemiológicos e clinicopatológicos dos pacientes. As populações estão em equilíbrio de Hardy-Weinberg. Determinaram-se as frequências dos polimorfismos MTFR (677C > T e 1298A > C) em pacientes com adenocarcinomacolorretal onde foram levantadas e agrupadas por genótipos assim como a significância. Na análise das razões de risco de óbito por CCR na presença dos genótipos estudados não foram encontrada associações estatisticamente significativas. A curva de sobrevida comparando os genótipos no teste de Long Rank para os SNPs MTHFR 677C > T e 1298A > C não mostraram diferenças significativas na sobrevida global para pacientes com CCR. Conclui-se que as frequências dos polimorfismos MTFR (677C > T e 1298A > C) em pacientes com adenocarcinoma colorretal foram levantadas e metade dos indivíduos apresentaram frequências genotípicas de homozigotos selvagens nos dois polimorfismos estudados (CC e AA), após as associações dos polimorfismos mencionados com os dados clinicopatológicos, sexo, idade, localização tumoral, tipo histológico, antecedentes de tabagismo e alcoolismo e sobrevida não houve associações estatisticamente significativas
Title in English
Analysis of the methylenotetrahydrofolate reductase enzyme polymorphism in colorectal cancer
Keywords in English
Colorectal neoplasms
Genes
Genetic polymorphism
Methylenetetrahydrofolatereductase (NADPH2)
Neoplasms
Polymorphism single nucleotide
Survival
Abstract in English
Polymorphism studies may help to detect people at higher risk of developing cancer, characterization of differentiated evolution, distinct response to chemotherapeutic or radiotherapeutic treatment, knowledge of how genotype frequencies are distributed becomes necessary for any work with a specific population. In this work, the polymorphisms of the enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolatoreductase (MTHFR) were analyzed in patients with Colorectal Cancer (CRC). MTHFR plays an important role in folate metabolism, methylation and DNA synthesis. DNA methylation plays a critical role in the control of gene activity. Methylation pathways and variations of the MTHFR gene may affect the development of cancer and prognosis of diseases, so their effects need to be closely monitored in the treatment of cancer. The variant genotypes of the MTHFR677 C > T and MTHFR1298 A > C polymorphisms of the MTHFR gene are associated with a significant decrease in the activity of this enzyme. The aim of this study was to verify the frequency of MTFR polymorphisms (677C > T and 1298A > C) in patients with adenocarcinomes and to analyze these frequencies with clinicopathological data, including: sex, age, tumor location, histological type, history of smoking and alcoholism and patient survival. Two hundred and twenty five patients with the diagnosis of histologically confirmed adenocarcinomes were admitted to the Hospital das Clínicas of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of São Paulo, forming the case group. Real-time PCR analysis was used to determine the genotype polymorphisms through the TaqMan ® SNP Genotyping Assay assays. The results were associated with the epidemiological and clinicopathological data of the patients. The populations are in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The frequencies of the MTFR polymorphisms (677C > T and 1298A > C) were determined in patients with adenocarcinoma-choroid where they were raised and grouped by genotypes as well as significance. The analysis of death risk ratios by RCC in the presence of the studied genotypes, there was no statistically significant associations were found. The survival curve comparing the genotypes in the Long Rank test for MTHFR 677C > T and 1298A > C SNPs did not show significant differences in overall survival for CRC patients. It was concluded that the frequencies of MTFR polymorphisms (677C > T and 1298A > C) in patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma were raised and half of the individuals presented genotype frequencies of wild homozygotes in the two polymorphisms studied (CC and AA), after associations of polymorphisms mentioned, there was no statistically significant association between these polymorphisms and the variables studied: sex, age, tumor location, histological type, history of smoking and alcoholism and survival
 
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Publishing Date
2017-05-04
 
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