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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.54.1973.tde-13102009-143324
Document
Author
Full name
Maximo Siu Li
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Carlos, 1973
Supervisor
Title in Portuguese
Estudos sobre dipolos fora de centro de Ions de CU+ em halogenetos alcalinos.
Keywords in Portuguese
Cu +
Dipolos fora de centro
Halogenetos de potássio
Abstract in Portuguese
Com base em trabalhos tanto teóricos como experimentais, tem-se concluído que o Cu+ fica em posição fora de centro em alguns halogenetos alcalinos. Neste, trabalho apresentamos resultados obtidos por técnicas de correntes termoestimuladas(ITC), para, verificar propriedades de dipolos elétricos devido a Íons de Cu+ em posição fora da centro em cristais de KCl. Ampliou-se o estudo do comportamento do Cu+ em cristais de KBr e KI. As bandas de ITC observadas nestes cristais, apresentam máximos em 62, 70 e 83 °K, e as energias de ativação são de 0.177, 0.196 e 0.232 eV em KCl, KBr e KI, respectivamente. A partir da integração das bandas de ITC e as concentrações de Cu+ achados por absorção ótica, o momento, dipolar elétrico é determinado, conduzindo a valores de 1.5, 1.9 e 2.6 e Å no KCl, KBr e KI, respectivamente. Dada a forma da banda de ITC, comprova-se que a reorientação dos dipo1os segue o modelo clássico com um tempo de relaxação simples, e que o Cu+ fica congelado em posição fora de centro abaixo daquelas temperaturas em que ocorre o máximo da banda de ITC.
Title in English
Study on Cu+ off- center dipoles in potassium halides
Keywords in English
Cu+
Off-center dipoles
Potassium halides
Abstract in English
Theoretical and experimental investigations have concluded that Cu+ occupies an off-canter position in several alkali halides. In this work we report results obtained by ionic thermal-currents technique (ITC) to verify the electric dipole properties due to Cu+ ions in off-center position in KC1 crystals. This was developed to study the Cu+ ion behaviour in KBr and KI crystals. The ITC band observed in these crystals geve maxima at 62, 70 and 83 °K, and the activation energies were 0.177, 0.196 end 0.232 eV in KCI, KBr and KI, respectively. From the integration of the ITC bands and the concentration of Cu+ obtained by optical absorption, the dipole moment is determined, giving values of 1.5, 1.9 and 2.6 e Å in KC1, KBr and KI, respectively. Due to the shape of the ITC band, we conclude that the dipole reorientation follows the classical model with a single relaxation time, and that the Cu+ freeze in off-center position below those temperatures where maximum occur at the ITC band.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-02-10
 
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