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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.58.2013.tde-10092013-092945
Document
Author
Full name
Karen Pintado Palomino
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Tirapelli, Camila (President)
Cavalcanti, Maria Tereza Moura de Oliveira
Corona, Silmara Aparecida Milori
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação de agentes remineralizadores e dessensibilizantes no tratamento de clareamento dental: estudo in vitro
Keywords in Portuguese
Agentes clareadores
agentes dessensibilizantes
microdureza
rugosidade superficial
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar comparativamente, in vitro, o efeito de agentes remineralizadores e dessensibilizantes na rugosidade superficial e microdureza do esmalte e dentina bovina exposta a peróxido de carbamida a 16% (T1) ou peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% (T2). Os agentes clareadores T1 e T2 conjuntamente com os agentes remineralizadores/ dessensibilizantes - dentifrício Sensodyne® (D1); dentifrício experimental com 7,5% de micro-partículas de Biosilicato® (D2); dentifrício Odontis RX® (D3); dentifrício Sorriso® (D4); pasta experimental com micropartículas de Biosilicato® (D5); Desensebilize Nano P® (D6); pasta experimental com micropartículas de Bioglass® tipo 45S5 (D7); água destilada (GC) - foram usados considerando os grupos experimentais: T1/D1; T1/D2; T1/D3; T1/D4; T1/D5; T1/D6; T1/D7; T1/GC e T2/D1; T2/D2; T2/D3; T2/D4; T2/D5; T2/D6; T2/D7; T2/GC. Análise de rugosidade superficial (Ra), microdureza e imagens em microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) foram realizadas antes (t0) e após (t1) o tratamento com os géis clareadores (T1= 14 dias/ 4h por dia; T2= sessão única) e os produtos remineralizadores/dessensibilizantes. Os dados colhidos foram analisados intra e intergrupos, estatisticamente por meio de Análise de Variância e Teste de Tukey. Os resultados mostraram que na rugosidade superficial não houve diferença significante (p>0.05) entre a rugosidade inicial (t0) e final (t1) tanto no esmalte quanto na dentina. A microdureza diminuiu nas amostras de dentina para o grupo T1/D6 (t0=40,99/ t1=29,11) e foi aumentada nas amostras de esmalte do grupo T1/D1 (t0=255,0/ t1=318,1). Conclui-se que o tratamento com peróxido de carbamida a 16% ou peróxido de hidrogênio a 35% associado aos agentes dessensibilizante/remineralizantes avaliados neste estudo não alteraram a rugosidade superficial do esmalte e dentina bovina, no entanto a microdureza pode ser alterada quando o peróxido de carbamida a 16% é usado.
Title in English
Evaluating remineralizing and desensitizing agents in dental bleaching treatment: in vitro study
Keywords in English
dental bleaching agents
desensitizing agents
microhardness
surface roughness
Abstract in English
This study aimed to evaluate in vitro the effect of remineralizing and desensitizing agents on microhardness (MH) and roughness (RG) enamel and dentin bovine samples exposed to 16% carbamide peroxide (T1) or 35% hydrogen peroxide (T2). Dental bleaching agents - T1 and T2 - together with desensitizing/ remineralizing agents - Sensodyne® dentifrice (D1); experimental dentifrice containing 7,5% micron-sized particles of Biosilicate® (D2); Odontis RX® dentifrice (D3); Sorriso® dentifrice (D4); microsized particles of Biosilicate® paste (D5); Dessensebilize Nano P® (D6); Bioglass® type 45S5 paste (D7); distilled water (CG) were used according to the experimental groups: T1/D1; T1/D2; T1/D3; T1/D4; T1/D5; T1/D6; T1/D7; T1/GC and T2/D1; T2/D2; T2/D3; T2/D4; T2/D5; T2/D6; T2/D7; T2/CG. MH, RG measurements, and images using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were made on the samples before (t0) and after (t1) the treatment with the bleaching gels (T1= 14 days/ 04 hours/day; T2=single session) and the desensitizing/remineralizing agents. Data was analyzed statistically with One way-ANOVA and posterior Tukey Test. RG evaluation revealed no significant difference (p>0.05) between baseline (t0) and final (t1) RG for all experimental groups. MH decreased in dentine samples for T1/D6 (t0=40,99/ t1=29,11) and increased in enamel samples for T1/D1 (t0=255,0/ t1=318,1). It was concluded that the treatment with carbamide peroxide at 16% or hydrogen peroxide at 35% in combination with desensitizing/ remineralizing agents didnt alter enamel and dentin surface roughness; however microhardness could be affected when peroxide carbamide at 16 % is used.
 
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Publishing Date
2013-12-10
 
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