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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.58.2012.tde-22052012-165946
Document
Author
Full name
José Antonio Brufato Ferraz
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2012
Supervisor
Committee
Pecora, Jesus Djalma (President)
Estrela, Carlos
Pinheiro, José Thadeu
Silva, Ricardo Gariba
Sousa Neto, Manoel Damião de
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação da limpeza das paredes em canais radiculares instrumentados pelas técnicas rotatória e self-adjusting file (SAF) associadas ao uso de diferentes quelantes
Keywords in Portuguese
Agentes quelantes
Camada de smear
EDTA
Espectrometria de absorção atômica
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
preparo rotatório
Quitosana
Self-adjusting file (SAF®)
Abstract in Portuguese
O presente trabalho avaliou, por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), a limpeza das paredes dos canais radiculares instrumentados pelas técnicas rotatória e Self-adjusting file (SAF®) com uso do NaOCl a 1% como solução irrigadora e o uso do EDTA a 15% e da Quitosana 0,20% como soluções quelantes, e quantificou os íons cálcio removidos pelas diferentes soluções irrigadoras por meio de espectrometria de absorção atômica. Trinta dentes caninos inferiores humanos foram divididos em dois grupos (n=15), de acordo com a técnica de instrumentação utilizada: A - instrumentos FlexMaster® usados na técnica Free Tip Preparation, assegurado alargamento mínimo de 200, até o instrumento # 60.02, irrigados com 1 mL de NaOCl 1% em cada troca de instrumento e B - sistema SAF®, com prévio alargamento manual até o instrumento K #20, aplicação da SAF® por 4 minutos, com fluxo de irrigação pelo sistema VATEA de 5mL/min. Os dentes foram divididos em três subgrupos conforme a irrigação final: G1-NaOCl 1%, G2- EDTA 15% e G3 Quitosana 0,20%. Utilizou-se 5mL de cada solução à 1mL/min. A solução extravasada pelo forame foi coletada e submetida à análise espectrométrica. O EDTA 15% apresentou maior capacidade de remoção de íons cálcio do que a Quitosana a 0,20% (p<0,05) e o NaOCl 1% não removeu íons. Os espécimes foram analisados em MEV. As fotomicrografias obtidas foram avaliadas qualitativamente em relação à remoção da camada de smear observada. Não houve diferença entre as instrumentações rotatória e SAF® nos terços dos canais avaliados. Analisadas as interações entre as técnicas utilizadas e aos terços do canal, o EDTA 15% apresentou melhores resultados que a Quitosana 0,20% (p<0,05), sendo ambas as soluções melhores que o NaOCl 1%. Conclui-se que as soluções quelantes testadas foram capazes de remover íons cálcio das paredes dos canais radiculares - com superioridade do EDTA 15% sobre a Quitosana 0,20%, e o NaOCl a 1% não apresentou essa capacidade - e removeram a camada de smear das paredes dos canais radiculares com superioridade do EDTA 15%, sem interferência das técnicas de instrumentação avaliadas rotatória e SAF®.
Title in English
Evaluation of the cleanness of root canals walls instrumented with rotary and the self-adjusting file (SAF) techniques associated with different chelators
Keywords in English
atomic absorption spectrometry
Chelating agents
Chitosan
EDTA
rotary preparations
scanning electron microscopy
self-adjusting file (SAF®)
Abstract in English
The present study evaluated, by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the cleanness of the root canal walls instrumented by rotary and the self-adjusting file (SAF®) techniques using 1% NaOCl as an irrigating solution and 15% EDTA, 0.20% Chitosan as chelator solutions, and quantified the calcium ions removed by the different irrigants with atomic absorption spectrometry. Thirty human mandibular canine teeth were divided into 2 groups (n=15) according to the instrumentation technique used: A- FlexMaster® instruments used with the Free tip Preparation, assuring a minimal enlargement of 200m, up to a #60 .02 instrument, irrigated with 1mL of 1% NaOCl between each instrument; and B- SAF® system, with previous enlargement to a type K #20 manual instrument, application of SAF during 4 minutes, with VATEA irrigation system at a flow of 5mL/min. The teeth were divided into three subgroups according to the final irrigation protocol: G1- 1% NaOCl, G2- 15% EDTA and G3- 0.20 % Chitosan. Five mL of solution were used at 1mL/min. The solution extruded thru the foramen was collected and submitted to spectrometric analysis. 15% EDTA showed higher calcium ion removal capacity then 0.20% Chitosan (p<0.05) and the 1% NaOCl did not remove ions. The specimens were evaluated by means of SEM. The photomicrographs obtained were qualitatively evaluated in terms of smear layer removal. There was no significant difference between the rotary and SAF® instrumentation systems in the evaluated canal thirds. The interaction techniques used and canals thirds showed that the 15% EDTA revealed better results than the 0.02% Chitosan (p<0.05), and both were better than 1% NaOCl. It can be concluded that the tested chelating solutions removed calcium ions from the root canals walls with better results for 15% EDTA than 0.20% Chitosan; 1% NaOCl did not present this capacity - and removed the smear layer form the root canal walls with better results for 15% EDTA, with no difference between the evaluated techniques rotary and SAF®.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-09-25
 
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