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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.58.2018.tde-21052018-154831
Document
Author
Full name
Adriana Luisa Gonçalves de Almeida
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Rosa, Adalberto Luiz (President)
Beloti, Márcio Mateus
Chaves Neto, Antonio Hernandes
Gomes, Pedro de Sousa
Title in Portuguese
Efeito de células-tronco mesenquimais associadas a biomateriais no reparo ósseo em ratas osteoporóticas
Keywords in Portuguese
Biomaterial; Célula-tronco mesenquimal; Engenharia de tecido; Osteoporose; Regeneração óssea
Abstract in Portuguese
A engenharia de tecido ósseo associando células-tronco mesenquimais (CTMs) a biomateriais tem sido proposta como tratamento potencial para o reparo de defeitos ósseos, constituindo uma abordagem nova na área da medicina regenerativa e de amplo interesse para as áreas de cirurgia buco-maxilo-facial e ortopedia. A seleção das CTMs mais adequadas e o método utilizado para carreá-las nos sítios de defeitos ósseos são fatores importantes para o sucesso do tratamento. Como a osteoporose reduz a capacidade de regeneração dos ossos, seria de grande importância que a engenharia do tecido ósseo pudesse ser aplicada com sucesso nessa patologia. Assim, foi avaliado o potencial das CTMs de medula óssea (CTMs-MO) e de tecido adiposo (CTMs-TA) associadas ao arcabouço de vitrocerâmica BioS-2P ou a membrana de P(VDF-TrFE)/BT no reparo de defeitos ósseos em ratas osteoporóticas. A osteoporose foi induzida por ovariectomia e comprovada pela análise microtomográfica dos fêmures. Nas ratas osteoporóticas foram criados defeitos ósseos nas calvárias que foram tratados com implantação de BioS-2P associado à CTMs-MO e CTMs-TA ou com a implantação de membrana de P(VDF-TrFE)/BT combinada com a injeção de CTMs-MO e CTMs-TA. Ao final de 4 semanas, as análises microtomográficas e histológica mostraram que não houve formação óssea nos defeitos sem qualquer tratamento, mas nos defeitos tratados com implantação de BioS-2P ou membrana de P(VDF-TrFE)/BT houve formação óssea independente da presença de CTMs. Apenas os defeitos tratados com membrana de P(VDF-TrFE)/BT e injeção de CTMs-MO apresentaram maior formação óssea, mas não ocorreu a regeneração.
Title in English
The effect of mesenchymal stem cells associated with biomaterial on bone repair in osteoporotic rats
Keywords in English
Biomaterial; Bone regeneration; Mesenchymal stem cell; Osteoporosis; Tissue engineering
Abstract in English
Bone tissue engineering based on the combination of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and biomaterials, has been proposed as a potential treatment for the repair of bone defects, constituting a new approach in the field of regenerative medicine and of interest to the areas of oral and maxillofacial surgery and orthopedics. To select the most suitable MSCs and an efficient method to carry them to the bone defects are the key for the successful treatment. Considering that osteoporosis represents a challenge situation, it would be of the utmost importance that bone tissue engineering could be used in this pathological condition. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of MSCs harvested from bone marrow (MSCs-BM) and from adipose tissue (MSCs-AT) associated to a vitreous scaffold (BioS-2P) or to a membrane of P(VDF-TrFE)/BT in regenerate bone defects created in osteoporotic rats. Osteoporosis was induced by ovariectomy and confirmed by microtomography of the femurs. Defects created in calvaria of osteoporotic rats were implanted with either Bios-2P seeded with MSCs-BM and MSCs-AT or a membrane of P(VDF-TrFE)/BT combined with injection of MSCs-BM and MSCs-AT. After 4 weeks, microtomography and histological analyses showed that there was no bone formation in untreated defects but in those treated with BioS-2P or membrane of P(VDF-TrFE)/BT there was bone formation irrespective of the presence of MSCs. Only defects treated with membrane of P(VDF-TrFE)/BT and MSCs-BM injection resulted in greater bone formation but there was not full bone regeneration.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-09-03
 
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