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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.59.2009.tde-03052010-112234
Document
Author
Full name
Jair Pereira de Melo Júnior
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Graeff, Carlos Frederico de Oliveira (President)
Borissevitch, Iouri
Zucolotto, Valtencir
Chiavacci, Leila Aparecida
Mulato, Marcelo
Title in Portuguese
Efeito dos sulfactantes sobre o sensor sólido de óxido nítrico preparado pelo processo Sol-Gel
Keywords in Portuguese
Biossensores
óxido nítrico
RPE
sol gel
surfactantes.
Abstract in Portuguese
Em trabalhos anteriores nós apresentamos um sensor sólido de óxido nítrico (NO) preparado pelo método sol-gel utilizando como aprisionadores complexos de Fe 2+ -DETC. Neste trabalho, reportamos o efeito de alguns surfactantes (CTAB-catiônico, SDS-aniônico, Triton X100-neutro e o plurônico F127) sobre o sensor. A ressonância paramagnética eletrônica (RPE) foi usada para quantificar o número de moléculas de NO-Fe 2+ -DETC. A presença dos surfactantes aumenta a resistência mecânica dos sensores sólidos, sendo mais pronunciada nos sensores contendo CTAB e Triton. Sem os surfactantes não há sinal do complexo NO-Fe 2+ - DETC. O tempo de secagem foi otimizado para 30 min. O sinal mais intenso foi obtido com os sensores contendo os surfactantes a 12 mM. Os surfactantes de um modo geral aumentam a quantidade de NO aprisionado. A difusão do NO foi estimada através do tempo de aprisionamento do NO sendo maior na presença do F127 e SDS. A saturação do sinal de NO nos sensores acontece em 10 min. Uma maior mobilidade dos complexos NO-Fe 2+ -DETC foi encontrada nos sensores contendo SDS e F127 e foi estimada pela forma de linha. Para os sensores no estado sólido o limite de detecção foi de 2 µM utilizando o F127 como aditivo, para o SDS, CTAB e Triton o limite foi de 6 µM, 8 µM e 10 µM respectivamente. Na solução coloidal a menor quantidade detectada foi de 0,1µM também com o F127. A sensibilidade dos sensores aumenta em pelo menos 5 vezes nos sensores sólidos preparados com o F127 em detrimento aos demais e pode ser melhorada utilizando surfactantes mistos.
Title in English
Surfactants effects on the solid state nitric oxide sensor prepared by Sol-Gel process
Keywords in English
Biosensors
EPR
nitric oxide
sol gel
surfactants.
Abstract in English
In previous work we present a solid sensor for nitric oxide (NO) prepared by sol-gel method using the trapped complex of Fe 2+ -DETC. In this work, we report the effect of some surfactants (CTAB, cationic, anionic, SDS, Triton-X100 and neutral pluronic F127) on the sensor. The electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) was used to quantify the number of molecules of NO-Fe 2+ -DETC. The use of surfactant increases the mechanical strength of solid sensors, being more pronounced in sensors containing CTAB and Triton. Without the surfactant no EPR signal of the complex NO-Fe 2+ -DETC was observed. The drying time was optimized to 30 min. The strongest EPR signal was obtained with the sensors containing the surfactant to 12 mM. The surfactants in general increase the amount of NO trapped. The diffusion of NO was estimated by the time of trapping of the NO that it was higher in the presence of F127 and SDS. The signal saturation of the NO sensors occurs in 10 min. A higher mobility of the complex NO-Fe 2+ -DETC was found in sensors containing SDS and F127 and was estimated by lineshapes. For the solid state sensors the detection limit was 2 µM using the F127 as additive and for the SDS, CTAB and Triton the limit was 6 µM, 8 µM and 10 µM respectively. In the colloidal solution the least amount detected was 0.1 µM also with the F127. The sensitivity of the sensors increases at least 5 times in the solid sensors prepared with the F127 in detriment to the other and can be improved by using mixed surfactants.
 
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Publishing Date
2010-08-20
 
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