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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.59.2009.tde-05082009-141412
Document
Author
Full name
Rondinelli Donizetti Herculano
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Graeff, Carlos Frederico de Oliveira (President)
Borissevitch, Iouri
Cotta, Mônica Alonso
Mulato, Marcelo
Queiroz, Alvaro Antonio Alencar de
Title in Portuguese
Desenvolvimento de membranas de látex natural para aplicações médicas
Keywords in Portuguese
Biomateriais
Membrana de Látex Natural
Regeneração Óssea Guiada
Sistema de Liberação Controlada de Fármacos
Abstract in Portuguese
O objetivo principal deste trabalho consiste na incorporação de substâncias de interesse biológico (fármacos) em filmes de látex natural (NRL). Assim, estudou-se a liberação destes, visando no futuro usar estes filmes como membrana oclusiva e como sistema de liberação controlada (SLC) de substâncias para aplicações odontológicas e ortopédicas, que envolvem a cicatrização óssea guiada. Estudamos o comportamento do SLC utilizando albumina de soro bovina (BSA) como modelo de proteína e o metronidazol (MTZ) como modelo de antibiótico. Diferentes tratamentos térmicos foram aplicados durante a confecção dos filmes a fim de gerar diferentes porosidades e com isso estudar-se a taxa de liberação destes fármacos. A taxa de liberação dos fármacos foi monitorada e quantificada utilizando o método de Lowry e o método UVVIS. Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV) e a Microscopia de Força Atômica (AFM) determinaram a morfologia do SLC. Em outro parte deste trabalho desenvolvemos um sistema para liberação do óxido nítrico (NO) agregando-se o complexo (FeDETC) ao NRL, pois esta substância atua como spin trapp para este radical. A taxa de liberação do NO pelo sistema NRL-FeDETC-NO foi caracterizada pela Ressonância Paramagnética Eletrônica (EPR). A escolha destas substâncias para este estudo deve-se pelo fato que auxiliam no processo de regeneração óssea (MTZ e NO). Entretanto, a BSA foi utilizada porque possui peso molecular da mesma magnitude e é mais barata que as proteínas morfogenéticas ósseas (BMP). As BMP´s são excelentes estimuladores do crescimento ósseo.
Title in English
Development of natural rubber latex membranes for medical applications
Keywords in English
Biomaterials
Guided Bone Regeneration
Latex Membrane
Abstract in English
In this work, we have tested Natural Rubber Latex (NRL) as an occlusive membrane for GBR with promising results. One possible way to accelerate bone regeneration would be to incorporate proteins bone morphogenetic protein (BMPs) in NRL. BMPs have strong bone-inductive activity. However since bone healing takes place in weeks to months, it is important that BMPs are released in these time scales. Instead of using BMPs, in our study we used BSA that has similar molecular weight however is less expensive. Moreover, we also employed the metronidazole (MTZ) and nitric oxide (NO) as drug delivery model. MTZ is a used antibiotic for treatment of infections in the skin, fabrics and bones. Initially, we study the BSA delivery system behavior and MTZ delivery system using different thermal treatments during the membranes polymerization. The thermal treatments control the size of the pores of the SLC and release rate of the BSA and MTZ. These membranes were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), as well as the Lowry Method to measure the BSA release. Finally, we propose a NO delivery system made of a spin trap (iron(II)-diethyldithiocarbamate complex, FeDETC) encapsulated in a NRL matrix. NO is an early mediator of the increase in bone formation. NO delivery system presents high stability by Electron Paramagnetic Resonance. The results indicate that natural rubber latex could be used in the future as an active membrane for accelerated bone healing.
 
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Herculano_RD.pdf (4.40 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-08-06
 
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