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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.59.2011.tde-23012012-184127
Document
Author
Full name
Nelson Alexandre Galiote Silva
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Huguenin, Fritz Cavalcante (President)
Demets, Gregoire Jean Francois
Lima, Fabio Henrique Barros de
Title in Portuguese
Influência do hidrocloreto de polialilamina e nanopartículas de prata na eletro-inserção de íons lítio em matrizes hospedeiras de V2O5
Keywords in Portuguese
inserção de íons lítio
nanocompósitos
nanopartículas de prata.
V2O5
Abstract in Portuguese
Materiais automontados de V2O5, polialilamina (PAH) e nanopartículas de prata (AgNP) foram preparados pelo método camada-por-camada, visando a sua aplicação em baterias de íon-lítio e dispositivos eletrocrômicos. O método adotado permitiu o crescimento linear de filmes visualmente homogêneos de V2O5, V2O5/PAH e V2O5/PAH/AgNP com 15 bicamadas, como observado a partir de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e espectroscopia eletrônica na região do visível. De acordo com os espectros de infravermelho com transformada de Fourier (FTIR), verificou-se que a interação entre o oxigênio do grupo vanadila e o grupo amino deve ser responsável pelo crescimento destes filmes, além de permitir uma blindagem eletrostática entre os íons lítio e os sítios com maior densidade de carga negativa, aumentando a velocidade difusional e, consequentemente, aumentando a capacidade de armazenamento de energia e diminuição do tempo de resposta. Resultados eletroquímicos e espectroeletroquímicos mostraram que a presença das AgNPs estabilizadas no PAH aumentou a capacidade de carga do eletrodo, propiciando novos caminhos condutores e aumentando o número de sítios eletroativos na matriz hospedeira. Espontaneamente, novas nanoarquiteturas com interações específicas foram formadas pelo método camada-por-camada, garantindo uma maior velocidade de transporte de massa e transferência de carga em eletrodos para baterias de lítio e dispositivos eletrocrômicos.
Title in English
Poly(allylamine hydrochloride) and silver nanoparticles influence on the lithium ions electro-insertion in V2O5 host matrix.
Keywords in English
lithium ions insertion
nanocomposites
silver nanoparticles.
V2O5
Abstract in English
Self-assembled Materials from V2O5, polyallylamine (PAH) and silver nanoparticles (AgNP) were prepared by layer-by-layer method, aiming at its application in lithium-ion batteries and electrochromic devices. The adopted method allowed the linear growth of visually homogeneous films from V2O5, and V2O5/PAH, V2O5/PAH/AgNP with 15 bilayers. This was observed from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electronic spectroscopy in the visible region. According to the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra, it was found that the interaction between vanadyl groups oxygen and the amino group should be responsible for the growth of these films. Besides, this interaction allowed an electrostatic shield between the lithium ions and the sites with higher negative charge, increasing the ionic speed and diffusion, thereby increasing energy storages capacity and response times reduction. Electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical results showed that the presence of AGNPs stabilized in PAH increased the electrodes capacity, providing new path-ways and increasing the number of electroactive sites in the host matrix. Spontaneously, new nanoarchitectures to specific interactions were formed by the layer-by-layer method, ensuring a higher rate of mass transport and charge transfer in electrodes for lithium batteries and electrochromic devices application.
 
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Publishing Date
2012-01-24
 
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