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Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Adriana Ferreira Lopes Vilela
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Cardoso, Carmen Lúcia (President)
Moraes, Marcela Cristina de
Oliveira, Anderson Rodrigo Moraes de
Title in Portuguese
Imobilização da enzima butirilcolinesterase e o desenvolvimento de métodos de triagem para inibidores seletivos
Keywords in Portuguese
Butirilcolinesterase
Ensaios de inibição enzimática
Imobilização de enzimas
Inibidores seletivos
Abstract in Portuguese
A descoberta de inibidores seletivos é extremamente importante para o desenvolvimento de novos fármacos que possam ser usados no tratamento de pacientes diagnosticados com a doença de Alzheimer (DA). Neste contexto, o desenvolvimento de métodos de triagem para a identificação de novos compostos biologicamente ativos se torna interessante. Butirilcolinesterase (BChE, EC 3.1.1.8) é uma serina hidroxilase que está classicamente associada à hidrólise do neurotransmissor acetilcolina (ACh) formando colina e ácido acético. Este trabalho descreve a imobilização covalente da BChE de soro humano nas paredes internas de capilares de sílica fundida utilizando o agente espaçador glutaraldeído, e sua aplicação na triagem de inibidores seletivos. O ICER-BChE resultante foi conectado a um sistema de cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência com monitoramento on line da atividade catalítica, envolvendo detecção UV. Após os estudos das melhores condições cromatográficas, variações de pH e vazão e a influência de solventes orgânicos na atividade enzimática o método foi validado com o uso de inibidores padrões. O maior valor obtido com o ICER-BChE no parâmetro cinético, constante de Michaelis KM = 33,6 ± 6,9 mM, comparado com a enzima em solução, KM = 0,12 ± 0,02 mM, evidencia o efeito da imobilização sobre a afinidade pelo substrato. No entanto, houve retenção da atividade catalítica e seletividade frente a inibidores padrão. O método foi aplicado na triagem de novos ligantes utilizando cinco coleções de diferentes classes de compostos, entre derivados cumarínicos, complexos metálicos com cobre (Cu), complexos metálicos com cobalto (Co) e zinco (Zn), glicosídeos, e derivados de fenilpropanóides e ácido barbitúrico. Desta triagem foram selecionados sete compostos promissores com os quais foram realizados os estudos sobre a potência mínima inibitória (IC50) e destes quatro foram escolhidos para estudos de mecanismos de ação utilizando o ICER-BChE. Dos complexos metálicos os melhores compostos foram o HPTBCu (IC50 = 8,74 ± 1,5 µM, Ki = 9,6 ± 0,5 M), o NarBCu (IC50 = 8,0 ± 1,4 µM, Ki = 2,0 ± 0,1 M) ambos com mecanismo competitivo o HesFCu (IC50 = 13,6 ± 2,9 µM), o NNINABCu (IC50 = 94,8 ± 16) e o NarFCu (IC50 = 81,7 ± 13). Dos derivados cumarínicos os compostos 17 (IC50 =109 ± 21 µM, Ki = 108 ± 10 M) e 19 (IC50 =128 ± 28 µM, Ki =36.0 ± 5.0 M) apresentaram mecanismo incompetitivo. Os resultados demonstraram que a abordagem proposta é útil na triagem on line de inibidores seletivos, pois fornece resultados rápidos, precisos e reprodutíveis.
Title in English
Screening of selective inhibitors by immobilized capillary reactors based on butyrylcholinesterase enzymes: Development and application
Keywords in English
Butyrylcholinesterase
Enzymatic inhibition assays
Immobilized enzymes
Selective inhibitor
Abstract in English
The discovery of selective inhibitors is extremely important for the development of drugs that can be used in the treatment of patients diagnosed with the Alzheimer disease (AD). In this context, the development of screening methods for the identification of new, biologically active compounds is a challenging task. Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE, EC 3.1.1.8) is a serine hydroxylase that is classically associated with the hydrolysis of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine (ACh), which yields choline and acetic acid. This paper describes the development of capillary enzyme reactors (ICERs) containing BChE from the human serum, covalently immobilized onto silica fused capillaries, using glutaraldehyde as spacer, and its application in the screening of selective inhibitors. The resulting BChE-ICER was connected to a liquid chromatography system high efficiency where monitoring of activity was online involving UV detection. After studying the best chromatographic conditions, pH variations, flow-rate and the influence of organic solvents on enzyme activity method was validated using standard inhibitors. The higher value obtained with the BChE-ICER in kinetic parameter, constant Michaelis KM = 33.6 ± 6.9 mM, compared with the enzyme in solution, KM = 0.12 ± 0.02 mM, shows the effect of immobilized on the affinity substrate. However, there was retention of catalytic activity and selectivity towards standard inhibitors. The method was applied in the screening of new ligands using collections of five different compounds, among coumarin derivatives, metal complexes with copper (Cu) metal complexes with cobalt (Co) and zinc (Zn), glycosides, phenylpropanoids and derivatives, and barbituric acid. These screenings were selected seven promising compounds with which the studies were made on the minimum inhibitory potency (IC50) and these four were chosen for studies of mechanisms of action using the ICER-BChE. Of the compounds metal complexes best were HPTBCu (IC50 = 8,74 ± 1,5 µM, Ki = 9,6 ± 0,5 M), NarBCu (IC50 = 8,0 ± 1,4 µM, Ki = 2,0 ± 0,1 M) both competitive mechanism, the HesFCu (IC50 = 13.6 ± 2.9 µM), NNINABCu (IC50 = 94.8 ± 16 µM) and NarFCu (IC50 = 81.7 ± 13 µM). Of coumarin derivatives, 17 (IC50 =109 ± 21 µM, Ki = 108 ± 10 M) and 19 (IC50 =128 ± 28 µM, Ki =36.0 ± 5.0 M) showed mechanism uncompetitive. The results demonstrated that the proposed approach is useful in screening for selective inhibitors online because it provides quick results, accurate and reproducible.
 
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Publishing Date
2019-06-28
 
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