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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.59.2018.tde-07032018-145609
Document
Author
Full name
Juliana Maltoni Nogueira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Neufeld, Carmem Beatriz (President)
Daffonseca, Sabrina Mazo
Lisboa, Carolina Saraiva de Macedo
Marturano, Edna Maria
Title in Portuguese
Indicadores e comportamentos de saúde em adolescentes de 13 anos de Ribeirão Preto
Keywords in Portuguese
Adolescência
Indicadores de saúde
Perfil de saúde
Saúde do adolescente
Saúde mental
Abstract in Portuguese
A adolescência é definida como um período complexo compreendido entre os 10 e 19 anos, caracterizado por mudanças intensas de ordem biológica, física, social e cognitiva. Apesar de propícia ao desenvolvimento, também relaciona-se a comportamentos de risco e transtornos mentais. Considerando que as questões desta fase influenciam diretamente em aspectos centrais da vida adulta e em resultados globais de saúde, compreender o estado saúde desta fase, e as variáveis associadas, é indispensável para o desenvolvimento de intervenções e programas voltados para promoção de saúde efetivos. O objetivo deste projeto é mapear indicadores e comportamentos de saúde e sintomas depressivos e ansiosos em uma amostra de 300 adolescentes de 13 anos, matriculados em escolas estaduais do interior de São Paulo. Os objetivos secundários são adaptar o questionário de pesquisa Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) para a realidade brasileira e investigar as indicadores dos instrumentos com sexo e região. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: questionário HBSC Brasil 2016/17, Childrens Depression Inventory e Spence Children's Anxiety Scale, todos adaptados para o português. Os dados foram analisados através de estatística descritiva e inferencial através do teste qui-quadrado de Pearson e Análise de Variância (ANOVA). O intervalo de confiança foi de 95%. De maneira geral, os resultados indicam que os adolescentes compreenderam satisfatoriamente o questionário adaptado e que, apesar da maioria dos indicadores apresentarem resultados positivos, uma parcela considerável dos adolescentes investigados até o momento apresentam fatores de risco e necessidade de intervenções. Associações entre a variável sexo foram expressivas, demonstrando que meninos e meninas possuem características específicas nos indicadores de saúde investigados
Title in English
Health indicators and behaviors in 13 year olds of Ribeirão Preto
Keywords in English
Adolescence
Adolescent health
Health indicators
Health profile
Mental health
Abstract in English
Adolescence is defined as a complex period between 10 and 19 years, characterized by intense biological, physical, social and cognitive changes. Although conducive to development, it is also associated to risk behaviors and mental disorders. Considering that obstacles at this stage influence directly central aspects of adult life and overall health outcomes, understanding the health status of this phase, and the associated variables, is imperative for the development of effective health interventions and programs. The aim of this project was to map indicators and health behaviors and depressive and anxious symptoms in a sample of 300 adolescents of 13 years old, enrolled in public schools in the interior of São Paulo. The secondary aim is to adapt the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) research questionnaire to Brazilian reality and to investigate the indicators of the instruments with gender and region. The instruments used were: HBSC Brasil 2016/17 questionnaire, Children's Depression Inventory and Spence Children's Anxiety Scale, all in Portuguese. Data was analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics using the Pearson chi-square test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The confidence interval was 95%. Overall, the results indicate that the adolescents satisfactorily understood the adapted questionnaire and despite the fact that most of the indicators were positive, a substantial number of adolescents have shown risk factors and the need for interventions. Associations with gender were expressive, demonstrating that boys and girls have specific characteristics in what concerns the health indicators investigated
 
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Publishing Date
2018-04-24
 
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