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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.6.2008.tde-17032008-113630
Document
Author
Full name
Fernanda Cruciani
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2008
Supervisor
Committee
Bergamaschi, Denise Pimentel (President)
Latorre, Maria do Rosario Dias de Oliveira
Serrão, Julio Cerca
Title in Portuguese
Adaptação transcultural de instrumento para avaliação da atividade física de crianças de 7 a 10 anos de idade: avaliação das equivalências conceitual, de itens, semântica e operacional
Keywords in Portuguese
Adaptação transcultural
Atividade física
Crianças
Questionários
Abstract in Portuguese
Aspectos metodológicos envolvidos na mensuração de atividade física têm sido cada vez mais requisitados em pesquisas na área de ciências da saúde. Observa-se ausência de questionários adaptados à realidade brasileira na faixa etária de 7 a 10 anos. O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar a adaptação transcultural de questionário já validado para faixa etária de 7 a 10 anos para avaliar atividade física. A partir de levantamento bibliográfico extenso identificou-se o questionário a ser adaptado (Physical Activity Checklist Interview). Na adaptação transcultural envolveu-se a avaliação da equivalência conceitual na qual verificou que o questionário avaliava o construto de interesse e suas dimensões. Na equivalência de itens observou que alguns não eram equivalentes à cultura brasileira, sugerindo substituições equivalentes ao original. E na equivalência semântica foram realizadas tradução, retradução e avaliação dos significados conotativo e referencial, nos quais alguns itens apresentaram modificações, porém não foram consideradas discrepantes entre as versões. O pré-teste do questionário adaptado foi realizado com 24 crianças de 7 a 10 anos, da Escola de Aplicação da USP. Foi possível observar que a lista de atividades auxiliou para a lembrança das atividades realizadas no dia anterior, dificuldade na estimativa do tempo em minutos de atividade física e ocupações sedentárias no dia anterior. O tempo de entrevista foi longo e os avaliadores apresentaram dificuldade quanto à classificação sobre a avaliação da entrevista. Conclui-se que o questionário avalia o construto atividade física e suas respectivas dimensões, necessitando a realização das etapas de equivalência de mensuração e operacional para ser considerado adaptado.
Title in English
Cross cultural adaptation of an instrument of assessment of physical activity for children between 7 to 10 years old: evaluation of conceptual, items, semantic and operational equivalence
Keywords in English
Children
Cross cultural adaptation
Physical activity
Questionnaires
Abstract in English
Methodological aspects involved in the measurement of physical activity have been more and more requested in researches on the health science field. The absence of questionnaires adapted to the Brazilian reality in the group of 7 to 10 years old was investigated. The purpose of this study was to perform the cross cultural adaptation of a validated questionnaire for children between 7 to 10 years old to assess physical activity. From extensive bibliographic survey, the questionnaire to be adapted (Physical Activity Checklist Interview) was identified. In the cross cultural adaptation, engaged the conceptual equivalence was assessed, in which was found that the questionnaire evaluated the interest construction and it's dimensions. In the item equivalence, it was noted that some items were not equivalent to the Brazilian culture, suggesting substitutions similar to the source. And, in the semantic equivalence, translation, backtranslation and evaluation of connotative and referential meaning were carried out. The adapted questionnaire pre test was conducted with 24 children from 7 to 10 years old, in Escola de Aplicação from USP. It was possible to observe that the activity list helped them remember the activities held as well as difficulty in estimating minutes of physical activity and sedentary occupations on the previous day. The interview took very long time and the interviewers showed difficulty in classifying the interview evaluation. We can conclude that the questionnaire assesses the construct physical activity and it's dimensions, requiring implementation of measurement and operational equivalence stages to be adapted. Cross cultural adaptation of an instrument of assessment of physical activity for children between 7 to 10 years old: evaluation of conceptual, items, semantic and operational equivalence
 
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Publishing Date
2008-03-27
 
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