• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.6.2007.tde-21022008-144455
Document
Author
Full name
Maria Lucia Fadel Condino
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2007
Supervisor
Committee
Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi (President)
Cordeiro, Maria Rita Donalisio
Waldman, Eliseu Alves
Title in Portuguese
Leishmaniose tegumentar americana no litoral norte paulista, período 1993 a 2005
Keywords in Portuguese
Análise espacial
Epidemiologia
Flebotomíneos
Leishmaniose tegumentar
Litoral Norte Paulista
Sistema de informação geográfica
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução. O Litoral Norte Paulista, até a década de 1980, era hipoendêmico para transmissão de leishmaniose tegumentar americana (LTA). A partir da década de 1990, esta parasitose adquiriu caráter epidêmico em todos os municípios: Caraguatatuba, Ilhabela, São Sebastião e Ubatuba. Objetivo. Realizar análise descritiva da ocorrência dos casos de LTA autóctone no Litoral Norte Paulista, entre 1993 e 2005 e registrar as espécies de flebotomíneos na área de transmissão. Métodos. Foram analisados dados secundários obtidos das fichas de casos de LTA autóctones, notificados ao serviço de vigilância epidemiológica da Secretaria Estadual de Saúde, segundo distribuição espacial, temporal, atributos pessoais e dados das fichas de captura entomológica da Superintendência de Controle de Endemias. Resultados. A LTA apresentou distribuição espacial heterogênea, com casos isolados e agrupados. Houve sincronismo na manifestação do agravo, com ciclicidade, em intervalo de seis a oito anos. Todas as faixas etárias e sexo foram acometidos, sem evidência de risco com ocupação específica. A fauna flebotomínea foi composta por dezesseis espécies, com predomínio de Ny. intermedia (>80,4%), no peri e intra domicílio. Conclusões. A LTA apresenta estreita relação com a floresta e a transmissão ocorre no peri e no intradomicílio, tanto no ambiente periurbano como no interior da mata. Neste caso, a transmissão estaria mais relacionada com os focos enzoóticos.
Title in English
American cutaneous leishmaniasis on the northern coast of São Paulo state, Brazil, 1993 to 2005.
Keywords in English
Cutaneous leishmaniasis
Epidemiology
Geographic information systems
Northern coast of São Paulo
Phlebotomines
Spatial analysis
Abstract in English
Introduction. The northern coast of the State of São Paulo was, up to the decade of the 1980´s, hypoendemic for the transmission of American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL). However, as from the decade of the 1990´s this disease acquired epidemic characteristic in all the municipalities: Caraguatatuba, Ilhabela, São Sebastião and Ubatuba. Objective. To undertake a descriptive study of the occurrences of the autochthonous cases of ACL in the four municipalities of the northern coast of the state of São Paulo, between 1993 and 2005, and to record the phlebotomine species in the area of transmission. Methods. Secondary data of spatial and temporal distribution and personal characteristics were analyzed from the records of autochthonous ACL cases notified to the epidemiological surveillance service of the State Health Secretariat. Information on phlebotomines were obtained from data of entomological captures undertaken by the Superintendência de Controle de Endemias. Results. The ACL presented heterogeneous spatial distribution with both isolated and clustered cases. There was synchronicity in the occurrence of the disease in all the municipalities, with cyclicality at intervals of from six to eight years. All age groups and both sexes were affected, without any particular profession. The phebotomine fauna consisted of sixteen species, with Ny. intermedia predominating (>80.4%) both in the peri and intra domicíle. Conclusions. ACL presented a close relation with the forest and its transmission occurs in the peri and intra-domicile, in the periurban environment and within the forest. In this latter case the transmission is more closely related to the enzootic foci.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
LuciaFadelLTA.pdf (1.78 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2008-05-12
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.