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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.6.2016.tde-26022016-141353
Document
Author
Full name
Rejane Augusta de Oliveira Figueiredo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2016
Supervisor
Committee
Wunsch Filho, Victor (President)
Andrade, Luis Eduardo Coelho
Eluf Neto, Jose
Vainio, Elisabete Weiderpass
Vivolo, Sandra Roberta Gouvea Ferreira
Title in Portuguese
Diabetes mellitus e câncer de cabeça e pescoço
Keywords in Portuguese
Câncer de Cabeça e Pescoço
Diabetes Mellitus
Estudos Caso-Controle
Metformina
Abstract in Portuguese
O diabetes mellitus (DM) está associado com alguns tipos de câncer. No entanto, estudos realizados sobre a associação entre DM e câncer de cabeça e pescoço (CCP) apresentaram resultados controversos. Na avaliação da associação entre DM e câncer, destaque deve ser dado à metformina, medicamento utilizado no DM tipo 2, que se mostra inversamente associado a alguns tumores. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a associação entre DM e CCP, bem como o impacto do uso de metformina no risco de CCP. Este estudo caso-controle incluiu 1021 casos de CCP com confirmação histológica de carcinoma espino celular selecionados em cinco hospitais de grande porte no estado de São Paulo entre 2011 e 2014. Os 1063 controles foram recrutados nos mesmos hospitais, pareados por frequência com os casos por sexo e idade (em grupos de 5 anos). Para avaliar o risco de CCP associado ao DM, odds ratios (OR) e intervalos com 95 por cento de confiança (IC 95 por cento ) foram estimados por meio de regressão logística não condicional. Os participantes diabéticos tiveram associação inversa com o CCP (OR = 0,68; IC 95 por cento : 0,49-0,95), e a proteção foi maior entre diabéticos usuários metformina (OR = 0,54; IC 95 por cento : 0,29-0,99). Diabéticos usuários de metformina que eram fumantes (OR = 0,13; IC 95 por cento : 0,04-0,44), ou consumidores de álcool acima de 40 g/ dia (OR = 0,31; IC 95 por cento : 0,11-0,88) apresentaram proteção ainda maior com relação ao CCP, comparado aos não diabéticos. Em conclusão, os indivíduos diabéticos apresentaram risco inverso de CCP e o uso de metformina pode explicar, ao menos parcialmente, esta associação.
Title in English
Diabetes mellitus and head and neck cancer
Keywords in English
Case-Control Studies
Diabetes Mellitus
Head and Neck Cancer
Metformin
Abstract in English
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is directly associated with some cancers. However, studies on the association between DM and head and neck cancer (HNC) have rendered controversial results. Assessing DM and cancer, emphasis should be given to metformin, a medication used for DM type 2, which is shown to be inversely associated with some cancers. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between DM and HNC, as well as the impact of metformin use on the risk of HNC. This case-control study included 1021 HNC cases with squamous cell carcinoma, histologically confirmed, and admitted in five large hospitals in the state of São Paulo, from 2011 to 2014. A total of 1063 controls were selected in the same hospitals and were frequency-matched to cases by sex and age (in 5-year groups). In order to assess the risk of CCP associated with DM, odds ratios (OR) and 95 per cent confidence intervals (CI 95 per cent ) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression. Diabetic participants had an inverse risk of HNC (OR=0.68; 95 per cent CI: 0.49 0.95), and this inverse association was more intense among diabetic metformin users (OR=0.54; 95 per cent CI: 0.29-0.99). Diabetic metformin users that were current smokers (OR=0.13; 95 per cent CI: 0.04-0.44) or had an alcohol consumption of >40 g/day (OR=0.31; 95 per cent CI: 0.11-0.88) had lower risk of HNC than non-diabetic participants. In conclusion, DM patients have um inverse risk of HNC and the use of metformin may at least partially explain this association.
 
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Publishing Date
2016-05-24
 
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