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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.6.2017.tde-15092017-154756
Document
Author
Full name
Ana Paula Cantarino Frasão do Carmo
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2017
Supervisor
Committee
Villar, Betzabeth Slater (President)
Bandoni, Daniel Henrique
López, Rossana Verónica Mendoza
Triches, Rozane Marcia
Title in Portuguese
Fatores associados à venda da Agricultura Familiar para o Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar nos municípios do estado de São Paulo
Keywords in Portuguese
Agricultura Familiar (AF)
Compras Locais
Fatores Associados
Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE)
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: A agricultura familiar (AF) e o PNAE após um processo de evolução política se vincularam em 2009 por meio da Lei n°11.947. O agricultor familiar a partir desse momento passou a dispor de um importante mercado institucional. Entretanto, esse ator apresenta dificuldades em atender à demanda do PNAE. Objetivo: Caracterizar a venda da AF para o PNAE e analisar os fatores associados à compra da AF para o PNAE nos municípios do estado de São Paulo em 2012. Metodologia: Trata-se de estudo transversal, envolvendo métodos de análise quantitativa. Os dados analisados foram coletados da pesquisa "O encontro entre o Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE) e a agricultura familiar: avaliação do processo de implementação e dos possíveis efeitos das compras locais, segundo a Lei n°11.947/2009", a qual avaliou 38 municípios do Estado de São Paulo. Foram coletados dados de 110 agricultores que venderam para o PNAE. Os eixos de variáveis dos agricultores estudadas foram: características socioeconômicas dos municípios, características do agricultor, apoio institucional e característica da venda. O PIB, IFDHM, presença de PAA no município e o apoio técnico e institucional oferecidos aos Agricultores Familiares dos 38 municípios estudados foram elencados em modelo hierárquico com o intuito de identificar os fatores associados à compra da AF para o PNAE. A compra da AF para o PNAE foi a variável desfecho do estudo. A descrição e caracterização foram calculadas por meio de medidas de tendência central e dispersão e frequências absolutas e relativas. O teste de McNemar foi utilizado para verificar diferenças entre a comercialização antes e depois da Lei n° 11.947/09. Foi feita uma regressão simples bivariada com o intuito de verificar o incremento no percentual da compra da AF para o PNAE entre 2011 e 2015. E foi utilizada a análise de regressão logística múltipla para analisar os fatores associados à compra da AF para o PNAE. Resultados: Os 16 municípios dos AFs apresentaram IDHM alto (87%); os alimentos produzidos pelos agricultores eram em sua quase totalidade in natura; os agricultores depois da Lei n°11.947/2009 aumentaram suas vendas para os mercados institucionais; a média no percentual da compra da agricultura familiar nos 16 municípios estudados subiu de 25,3% para 36,3% entre os anos de 2011 a 2015. Com relação aos fatores associados à compra da AF para o PNAE o apoio da prefeitura aos AFs do município e o levantamento da produção agrícola junto aos AFs do município feito pela nutricionista se associaram com a compra da agricultura familiar para o PNAE. Conclusão: O apoio técnico da nutricionista e o apoio institucional da prefeitura oferecidos aos Agricultores Familiares são fatores importantes associados à compra da AF para o PNAE.
Title in English
Associated factors with the sale of the Family Farming for the Brazilian School Feeding Program in the cities of São Paulo State
Keywords in English
Associated Factors
Brazilian School Feeding Program (PNAE)
Family Farming
Local Purchases
Abstract in English
Introduction: The Family Farming and The Brazilian School Feeding Program (PNAE) after a process of political evolution were associated in 2009 by Brazilian act 11.947/2009. Since that time, the family farmer has an important institutional market available. However, this actor has difficulties to achieve the market demand. Objective: To analyze the factors associated to the sale of Family Farming to the PNAE in the cities of the state of São Paulo in 2012. Methodology: The study is transverse, using quantitative analysis methods. The analyzed data were collected from the study "The meeting of the National School Feeding Program and Family Farming: evaluation of the implementation process and the possible effects of local purchases, according to the act 11.947/2009", which evaluated 38 cities in the São Paulo state. Data were collected from 110 family farmers who sold to the PNAE. The main variables studied were: cities socioeconomic characteristics, farmer characteristics, institutional support and sale characteristics. The highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP), High Human Development Index (HDI), previous experience with the Family Agriculture Food Acquisition Program (PAA) and technical and institutional support to family farmers of 38 municipalities studied were listed in a hierarchical model in order to identify the associated factors. The purchase of AF for PNAE was the variable outcome of the study. The description and characterization were calculated through measures of central tendency and dispersion and absolute and relative frequencies. McNemar´s test was used to verify differences between sales before and after the act 11.947/09. A simple bivariate linear regression was performed in order to verify the increase in the percentage of the FF purchases for the PNAE between 2011 and 2015. The multiple logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the factors associated to the FF purchase to PNAE. Results: The studied cities had high Human Development Index (HDI) (87%); the produced food by family farmers was almost entirely in natura; the family farmers after the act 11.947/09 increased their sales to the institutional markets; the average percentage of FF purchases in the 16 studies cities increased from 25.3% to 36.3% between 2011 and 2015. Regarding the factors associated with the purchase of family farming for PNAE, the support of the municipality offered to the family farmers and the survey of the agricultural production made by the nutritionist were associated with the outcome. Conclusion: The technical support of the nutritionist and the institutional support of the cities to family farmers are important factors associated with the local purchases.
 
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Publishing Date
2017-11-09
 
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