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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.6.2018.tde-22082018-155512
Document
Author
Full name
Tânia Valladares Andriolli
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
São Paulo, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Aldrighi, José Mendes (President)
Baccaro, Luiz Francisco Cintra
Maeda, Sergio Setsuo
Pereira, Rosa Maria Rodrigues
Title in Portuguese
Concentrações séricas de 25 hidroxivitamina D em mulheres acima de 35 anos: prevalência de valores considerados como normais e fatores associados
Keywords in Portuguese
Climatério
Glicemia
Hipovitaminose D
Pós-menopausa
Prevalência
Síndrome Metabólica
Vitamina D
Abstract in Portuguese
Introdução: Atualmente o estudo da vitamina D é motivo de especial atenção pelos profissionais da área da saúde, não só pelos já consagrados benefícios à saúde óssea, mas também por inúmeros outros, como a melhora da função cognitiva, imunológica, depressão e até redução no risco de doenças cardiovasculares e câncer. Ademais, com o aumento da longevidade, a hipovitaminose D - de alta prevalência em idosos e mulheres após a menopausa - ganha importância na saúde pública. Diante deste cenário, torna-se necessário a realização de estudos que avaliem a prevalência de hipovitaminose D e os fatores a ela associados. Objetivo: estimar, em mulheres acima de 35 anos residentes em Pindamonhangaba, SP, as concentrações séricas de 25 hidroxivitamina D e segmentar as prevalências em dois valores: acima de 20 e acima de 30 ng/mL; identificar os possíveis fatores associados a esses dois limites propostos. Método: Em amostragem aleatória estratificada foram selecionadas 1200 mulheres de 35 a 74 anos, cadastradas no Programa de Saúde da Família da cidade de Pindamonhangaba; em 681 delas foram realizadas coletas sanguíneas para determinação da vitamina D. A variável dependente estudada foi a concentração sérica de 25(OH)D e, as independentes foram pressão arterial, circunferência abdominal e IMC depressão, ansiedade, estresse, insônia, hábito de tonar sol e suplementação de vitamina D referidos, além da determinação das concentrações séricas de cortisol, glicose, colesterol total/frações e triglicerídeos. Resultados: Da população estudada, 73,4% tinham concentrações de 25(OH)D >=20ng/mL e 34,8%, >=30ng/mL. O uso suplementos de vitamina D e o habito de tomar sol associaram-se positivamente às concentrações séricas de 25(OH)D >=30ng/mL (OR=1,58, IC95%: 1,08-2,33 e OR=1,28, IC95%: 1,03-1,58, respectivamente), mas apenas o uso de suplementos de vitamina D mostrou associação com as medidas >=20ng/mL (OR=1,20, IC95%: 1,02-1,40). Ter depressão leve associou-se positivamente a 25(OH)D >=30ng/mL (OR=1,41, IC95%: 1,12-1,79), mas nenhuma associação foi notada com medidas >=20ng/mL. As medidas de 25(OH)D >=30 e 20ng/mL associaram-se negativamente às medidas séricas de glicose >=100 mg/dL (OR=0,72, IC95% 0,58- 0,90 e OR=0,90, IC95% 0,82-0,99, respectivamente). As medidas séricas de HDL <=50mg/dL e triglicérides >=150mg/dL associaram-se negativamente às medidas de 25(OH)D >=30ng/mL (OR=0,79, IC95% 0,63-0,99 e OR=0,77, IC95% 0,62-0,97, respectivamente). Houve associação negativa entre as medidas >=30ng/mL e o diagnóstico de síndrome metabólica, tanto pelo ATPIII (OR 0,72, IC95%: 0,58-0,90) quanto pelo IDF (OR=0,73, IC95%: 0,60-0,91), mas nenhuma associação com as medidas >=20ng/mL. Conclusão: A hipovitaminose D é altamente prevalente na população de mulheres acima de 35 anos de idade. As medidas séricas >=20ng/mL associaram-se negativamente a glicemia >=100mg/dL. As medidas >=30mg/dL associaram-se negativamente a glicemia >=100mg/dL, triglicérides >=150mg/dL, HDL <= 50mg/dL e diagnostico de síndrome metabólica e, positivamente à depressão.
Title in English
Serum concentrations of 25 hydroxyvitamin D in women over 35 years: prevalence of measures considered as normal and associated factors
Keywords in English
Climacteric
Glycemia
Hypovitaminosis D
Metabolic Syndrome
Postmenopause
Prevalence
Vitamin D
Abstract in English
Introduction: Currently the study of vitamin D is a special concern of the health professionals, not only for the already established benefits to bone health, but also for innumerable others, such as the improvement of cognitive, immunological function, depression and even reduction in the risk of cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Moreover, with increasing longevity, vitamin D deficiency - highly prevalent in the elderly and postmenopausal women - gains importance in public health. In view of the aforementioned reasons, it is necessary to conduct studies that evaluate the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D and its associated factors. Objective: to estimate the prevalence of having 25hidroxivitamino D over 20 and 30 ng/mL and identify its associated factors in climacteric women resident in Pindamonhangaba, SP, Brazil. Method: In randomized stratified sampling, 1,200 women aged 35-74 years enrolled in the Pindamonhangaba's Family Health Program were selected; in 681 of them, blood samples were taken for clinical analysis. The dependent variable studied was the serum concentration of 25(OH)D and the independent variables were blood pressure, waist circumference and BMI depression, anxiety, stress, insomnia, sunbathing and vitamin D supplementation, as well as determination of serum cortisol, glucose, total cholesterol and fractions and triglycerides levels. Results: Of the study population, 73.4% had 25(OH)D >=20ng/mL and 34.8% >=30ng/ml. Vitamin D supplements use and sunbathing were both positively associated with 25(OH)D >= 30ng/mL (OR=1.58; 95%CI:1.08-2.33 and OR =1.28; 95%CI:1.03-1.58, respectively), but only in the use of vitamin D supplements the association with 25(OH)D >=20ng/ml was found (OR=1.20, 95%CI: 1.02- 1.40). Mild depression was positively associated with 25(OH)D >=30ng/mL (OR=1.41, 95%CI: 1.12-1.79), but no association was noted with measurements >=20ng/mL. Both 25(OH)D >=30 and >=20ng/mL were negatively associated with blood glucose >=100mg/dL (OR=0.72, 95%CI 0.58-0.90 and OR=0.90, 95%CI 0.82-0.99, respectively). Serum HDL <= 50mg/dL and triglycerides >=150mg/dL were negatively associated with 25(OH)D >=30ng/mL (OR=0.79, 95%CI 0.63-0.99 and OR=0.77, 95%CI 0.62-0.97, respectively). A negative association was present between 25(OH)D >=30 ng/mL and metabolic syndrome by ATPIII (OR= 0.72, 95%CI: 0.58-0.90) and IDF criteria (OR=0.73, 95%CI: 0.60-0.91), but there was no association with 25(OH)D >=20ng/mL. Conclusion: Hypovitaminosis D is highly prevalent in study population. Serum 25(OH)D >=20mg/dL was negatively associated with glycemia >=100mg/dL, and the 30mg/dL limit was negatively associated with glycemia >=100mg/dL, triglycerides >=150mg/dL, HDL <=50mg/dL and metabolic syndrome and positively associated to depression. Serum measurements >=20ng/mL were not significantly associated with the investigated factors.
 
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Publishing Date
2018-10-17
 
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