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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.60.2015.tde-17042015-093013
Document
Author
Full name
Danilo Avelar Sampaio Ferreira
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2015
Supervisor
Committee
Santos, Antonio Cardozo dos (President)
Guimaraes, Elaine Aparecida Del Bel Belluz
Malfará, Wilson Roberto
Queiroz, Regina Helena Costa
Santos, Wagner Ferreira dos
Title in Portuguese
Avaliação do efeito protetor do beta-cariofileno em modelos celulares de doenças neurodegenerativas
Keywords in Portuguese
Beta-cariofileno
Doença de Alzheimer
Doença de Huntington
Doença de Parkinson
Doenças neurodegenerativas
Neuritogênese
Abstract in Portuguese
As doenças neurodegenerativas (DN) estão entre as principais causas de mortalidade e morbidade nos países ocidentais. Não há ainda um tratamento definitivo para estas neuropatias, mas estudos têm indicado mecanismos comuns de toxicidade que incluem disfunção mitocondrial, estresse oxidativo, apoptose e neuroinflamação. Adicionalmente, o efeito benéfico da neuroplasticidade induzida por fatores neurotróficos no retardamento ou inibição do processo neurodegenerativo também tem sido sugerido por muitos estudos. O beta-cariofileno é um sesquiterpeno bi-cíclico encontrado no óleo essencial de algumas plantas, e que possui efeito anti-inflamatório e antioxidante. Assim, este composto possui características e é capaz de induzir efeitos que o tornam um potencial candidato ao tratamento/prevenção dos processos envolvidos na neurodegeneração. Apesar disso, pouco se sabe sobre os efeitos e os mecanismos de ação do beta-cariofileno no processo de degeneração neuronal. Então, neste estudo, avaliou-se o efeito do beta-cariofileno em modelos celulares (PC 12) de neurotoxicidade que mimetizam in vitro os mecanismos moleculares envolvidos nas doenças de Parkinson, Huntington e Alzheimer, os quais, para efeitos práticos, denominaremos de "modelos celulares de Parkinson, Huntington e Alzheimer". Estes modelos são induzidos experimentalmente pela neurotoxina dopaminérgica iodeto de 1-metil 4-fenil piridina (MPP+), pela neurotoxina mitocondrial ácido 3-nitropropiônico (3NP) e pelo peptídeo neurotóxico B-amiloide (AB42), respectivamente. O beta-cariofileno apresentou efeitos benéficos nestes três modelos de neurotoxicidade, e adicionalmente induziu neuritogênese e a expressão de proteínas neurotípicas no modelo neuronal. Este é o primeiro estudo a demonstrar tais efeitos do beta-cariofileno.
Title in English
Evaluation of the protective effect of beta-caryophyllene on cellular models of neurodegeneration
Keywords in English
Alzheimer's disease
Beta-caryophyllene
Huntington's disease
Neuritogenensis
Neurodegenerative diseases
Parkinson's disease
Abstract in English
Neurodegenerative diseases (ND) are among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity in Western countries. There is not a definitive treatment for these neuropathies, but studies have indicated common mechanisms of toxicity that include mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, neuroinflammation and apoptosis. Additionally, the beneficial effect of the neuroplasticity induced by neurotrophic factors on the retardation or inhibition of neurodegeneration has also been suggested by several studies. Beta-caryophyllene is a bicyclic sesquiterpene found in essential oils of some plants, and possesses anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Thus, this compound has characteristics and is capable of inducing effects that make it a potential candidate for treatment / prevention of the processes involved in neurodegeneration. Despite this, little is known about the effects and mechanisms of action of beta-caryophyllene in the neuronal degeneration process. Then, this study evaluated the effect of beta-caryophyllene in cellular models of neurotoxicity (PC 12) that mimic in vitro the molecular mechanisms involved in Parkinson's, Huntington's and Alzheimer's diseases, which, for practical purposes, we will denominate "Cellular models of Parkinson's, Huntington's and Alzheimer's diseases." These models are experimentally induced by the dopaminergic neurotoxin 1-methyl iodide, 4-phenyl pyridine (MPP+), by the mitochondrial neurotoxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP) and the neurotoxic peptide B-amyloid (AB42), respectively. Beta-caryophyllene showed beneficial effects on these three models of neurotoxicity, and additionally induced neuritogenesis and the expression of neurotypic proteins in the neuronal model. This is the first study to demonstrate such effects of beta-caryophyllene.
 
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Publishing Date
2015-04-22
 
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