• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.60.2013.tde-06122013-160745
Document
Author
Full name
Christian Collins Kuehn
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2013
Supervisor
Committee
Prado Junior, Jose Clovis do (President)
Anibal, Fernanda de Freitas
Levy, Antonio Marcos de Apparecida
Souza, Gloria Emilia Petto de
Stabile, Angelita Maria
Title in Portuguese
Produção distinta da histopatologia e modulação de citocinas durante a infecção oral e intraperitoneal com cepa Y de Trypanosoma cruzi
Keywords in Portuguese
infecção oral e infecção intraperitoneal
Trypanosoma cruzi
Abstract in Portuguese
Os surtos de doença de Chagas aguda estão relacionados ao consumo de comidas e bebidas contaminadas por fezes de triatomíneos contendo tripomastigotas de T. cruzi, tornando assim a infecção oral uma importante via de transmissão. Ambas as infecções vetoriais e orais desencadeiam importantes manifestações cardíacas nos hospedeiros e que estão relacionadas a uma desregulada resposta imune. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a parasitemia sanguínea durante a fase aguda da infecção, a produção de macrófagos peritoneais, alterações nas sub-populações de linfócitos CD4+/CD8+, citocinas Th1 e Th2, concentração de nitrito e a histopatologia cardíaca. Um grupo de ratos Wistar foi intraperitonealmente infectados com 1X105 com cepa Y de tripomastigotas sanguíneos de T. cruzi e outro grupo de ratos Wistar foi infectado oralmente com 8X105 de tripomastigotas metacíclicos da mesma cepa. A infecção intraperitoneal desencadeou um aumento estatístico no aumento do número de parasitas, macrófagos peritoneais, proliferação de células T CD4+ e CD8+, aumento na concentração de NO, IL-12 e elevado foco inflamatório cardíaco quando comparado à infecção oral. Entretanto nossos resultados demonstraram que a infecção oral pode levar a uma doença sistêmica e que as diferentes vias de inoculação promovem respostas imunes distintas.
Title in English
Distinctive histopathology and modulation of cytokine production during oral and intraperitoneal Trypanosoma cruzi Y strain infection
Keywords in English
oral infection and intraperitoneal infection
Trypanosoma cruzi
Abstract in English
Acute Chagas disease outbreaks are related to the consumption of food or drink contaminated by triatomine feces containing trypomastigotes of T. cruzi, thus making oral infection an important route of transmission. Both vectorial and oral infections trigger important cardiac manifestations in the host that are related to a dysregulated immune response. The aims of this work were to evaluate the number of blood trypomastigotes during the acute phase of infection, peritoneal macrophages, possible alterations of lymphocyte CD4+/CD8+ sub-populations, Th1 and Th2 cytokines, nitrite concentrations and cardiac histopathology. One group of male Wistar rats was intraperitoneally infected with 1X105 blood trypomastigotes of the T. cruzi Y strain, and another group of Wistar rats was orally infected with 8X105 metacyclic trypomastigotes of the same strain. The intraperitoneal infection triggered statistically enhanced parasite numbers, peritoneal macrophage numbers, proliferation of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, increased concentrations of NO and IL-12 and elevated cardiac inflammatory foci when compared to the oral infection. Therefore, our results demonstrate that oral infection can lead to systemic disease and that the different inoculation routes promoted distinct immune responses.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
Corrigida_COmpleta.pdf (892.76 Kbytes)
Publishing Date
2014-01-02
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
Centro de Informática de São Carlos
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2021. All rights reserved.