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Master's Dissertation
DOI
10.11606/D.60.2011.tde-08092011-124435
Document
Author
Full name
Sandra Mara Burin
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2011
Supervisor
Committee
Castro, Fabíola Attié de (President)
Braga, Eliane Candiani Arantes
Tavares, Denise Crispim
Title in Portuguese
Efeito do veneno bruto e da L-aminoácido oxidase de Bothrops pirajai em células BCR-ABL positivas
Keywords in Portuguese
Apoptose
BCR-ABL
L-aminoácido oxidase e Bothrops pirajai.
Leucemia Mielóide Crônica
Abstract in Portuguese
A leucemia mielóide crônica (LMC) é uma doença mieloproliferativa caracterizada citogeneticamente pela presença do cromossomo Philadelfia (Ph) e molecularmente pelo neogene bcr-abl1 que codifica a oncoproteína BCR-ABL com alta atividade de tirosina-quinase. A célula leucêmica BCR-ABL+ apresenta baixa adesão ao estroma medular, resistência à apoptose e potencial mitogênico exacerbado. A LMC possui curso evolutivo trifásico (fase crônica, acelerada e blástica) e seu tratamento pode ser realizado por meio de diferentes modalidades terapêuticas, destacando-se o mesilato de imatinibe (MI) que inibe a TK BCR-ABL induzindo altas taxas de remissão citogenética dos pacientes na fase crônica da doença. Apesar do MI ser eficiente, os pacientes na fase acelerada e blástica da doença são comumente refratários a essa terapia e na fase crônica há casos de resistência ao MI descritos. Nesse contexto, potenciais novos fármacos são investigados para melhorar a eficiência da terapia da LMC. Nesse estudo, investigamos o efeito do veneno bruto (VB) e da enzima L-amino-ácido-oxidase (LAAO) da Bothrops pirajai em desencadear apoptose em células BCR-ABL+. A apoptose das células HL-60 e HL-60.BCR-ABL foi quantificada pela detecção da percentagem de células com núcleos hipodiplóides pela da citometria de fluxo e confirmada pela observação da ativação das caspases 3, 8 e 9 por western-blot. Os resultados obtidos indicam que a LAAO é capaz de induzir apoptose em células HL-60 e HL-60.BCR-ABL por ativação das vias extrínseca e intrínseca. Além disso, foi verificado que a LAAO diminui a fosforilação de BCR-ABL em células HL-60.BCR-ABL e quando associada ao MI potencializou a inibição da atividade quinase de BCR-ABL. Os dados da presente investigação indicaram ainda que a LAAO é capaz de modular a expressão de bad, bak, bax, bid, bimel, fas,fasl, a1, bcl-2, bcl-xl, bcl-w e c-flip, genes reguladores da apoptose celular. Apesar do pouco conhecimento acerca do mecanismo de ação dessa toxina, os dados obtidos sugerem que a LAAO possui o potencial de estimular a apoptose nas linhagens HL-60 e HL-60.BCR-ABL e aumentar o efeito do inibidor da atividade quinase, MI, dados relevantes para estudos futuros associados a descrição de novos fármacos contra leucemia mielóide crônica.
Title in English
Effect of Bothrops pirajai crude venom and L-amino acid oxidase in BCR-ABL positive cells.
Keywords in English
apoptosis
BCR-ABL
chronic myeloid leukemia
L-amino acid oxidase and Bothrops pirajai
Abstract in English
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder cytogenetically characterized by the presence of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph) and molecularly by bcr-abl1 neogene that encodes the BCR-ABL oncoprotein with high tyrosine kinase (TK) activity. The leukemic cell BCR-ABL+ presents poor adhesion to bone marrow stroma, resistance to apoptosis and exacerbated mitogenic potential. The CML has a three-phase course (chronic, accelerated and blastic phase) and its treatment can be performed by different therapeutic modalities, especially the imatinib mesylate (IM) that inhibits the TK BCR-ABL inducing high rates of cytogenetic remission in chronic phase. Although MI is effective, patients in accelerated and blastic phases of the disease are often refractory to this therapy and there are also cases of resistance to MI described in chronic phase. In this context, potential new drugs are investigated to improve the efficiency of the therapy of CML. In this study, we investigated the effect of crude venom (CV) and of the enzyme L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) from Bothrops pirajai in triggering apoptosis in BCR-ABL+. The apoptosis of HL-60 cells and HL-60. BCR-ABL was quantified by detecting the percentage of cells with hypodiploid nuclei by flow cytometry and confirmed by observation of the activation of caspases 3, 8 and 9 by Western blot. The results indicate that LAAO is able to induce apoptosis in HL-60 cells and HL-60. BCR-ABL by activation of the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways. Furthermore, it was found that LAAO decreases phosphorylation of BCR-ABL in HL-60 cells. BCR-ABL when associated with MI potencialized the inhibition of kinase activity of BCR-ABL. The data from this study also indicated that the LAAO is able to modulate the expression of bad, bak, bax, bid, bimel, fas, FasL, A1, bcl-2, bcl-xl, bcl-w and c-flip, regulatory genes of apoptosis. Even though there is little knowledge about the mechanism of action of this toxin, the data obtained suggests that LAAO has the potential to stimulate apoptosis in HL-60 lines and HL-60. BCR-ABL and increase the effect of the inhibitor of protein kinase activity, MI, relevant data for future studies associated with the description of new drugs against chronic myeloid leukemia.
 
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Publishing Date
2011-11-23
 
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