• JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
  • JoomlaWorks Simple Image Rotator
 
  Bookmark and Share
 
 
Master's Dissertation
DOI
Document
Author
Full name
Julia Audrey de Paula
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2018
Supervisor
Committee
Natsui, Ana Patricia Yatsuda (President)
Cabral, Hamilton
André, Marcos Rogério
Soares, Rodrigo Martins
Title in Portuguese
Caracterização molecular de proteínas de roptrias (ROP15B e ROP55) de Neospora caninum
Keywords in Portuguese
invasão celular
NcROP15B
NcROP55
Neospora caninum
Proteínas quinases
Roptrias
Abstract in Portuguese
Neospora caninum (Apicomplexa) é o agente causador da neosporose, descrita como a principal causa de aborto parasitário em gado bovino .Parasitos desse filo interagem e invadem as células hospedeiras através da secreção coordenada de proteínas do complexo apical, formado por diversas organelas, dentre elas as roptrias (ROPs), que desempenham papel fundamental no processo de infecção, associado à formação do vacúolo parasitóforo (PV), sobrevivência no ambiente intracelular e virulência do parasito. Essas proteínas podem ser caracterizadas em: proteínas de roptrias de pescoço (RONs), e proteínas de roptrias (ROPs). Além disso, algumas ROPs podem se diferenciar e, dessa maneira, constituem uma grande família de quinases e pseudo-quinases, denominada família de roptrias quinase (ROPKs). O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar as proteínas de roptrias NcROP15B (NcLIV_011700) e NcROP55 (NcLIV_031550) de N. caninum. As sequências de NcROP15B e NcROP55 foram alinhadas com homólogos de alguns microrganismos, incluindo apicomplexas, ao BLAST. NcROP15B apresentou identidade de 19% com as sequencias de ROP15 de T. gondii e Hammondia hammondi. NcROP55 mostrou identidade de 14% com a ROP37 de T. gondii e com ROP28 de Hammondia hammondi, e 15% com a ROP28 de Neospora caninum. Foram detectados domínios pertencentes à família de proteínas quinase para NcROP15B e NcROP55, e peptídeo sinal apenas para NcROP15B. Os primers foram delineados para amplificar regiões de cDNA de ambos os genes com diferentes tamanhos, denominados NcROP15B maior, NcROP15B menor, NcROP55 maior e NcROP55 menor. Os insertos foram subclonados (pGEM) e posteriormente ligados em plasmídeo de expressão pET28 em E. coli BL21(DE3) e a expressão recombinante induzida por IPTG. As formas recombinantes foram expressas com 30 kDa e 16 kDa (NcROP15B fragmento Maior e Menor, respectivamente) e NcROP55 Maior e Menor gerou um peso molecular de 19.9 kDa e 15 kDa, respectivamente. Após purificação, NcROP15B e NcROP55 foram utilizadas para obtenção de soros policlonais. Anti-ROP15B e anti-ROP55 reagiram com extrato de N. caninum em Western Blot 1D, tendo NcROP15B sido detectada com 35 kDa, próximo ao predito (32 kDa) e NcROP55 com aproximadamente 35 KDa, porém abaixo do predito (47.9 kDa). Na imunofluorescência confocal, NcROP-15B e NcROP55 exibiram padrão de localização na região perinuclear de taquizoítos de N. caninum. Os anticorpos anti-NcROP15B e anti-NcROP55 apresentaram, individualmente, capacidade limitada para inibir o processo de adesão/invasão de N. caninum, sendo 16% e 6,43% respectivamente. Quando os soros anti-NcROP15B e anti-NcROP55 foram associados, a a inibição da invasão aumentou para 62%. As proteínas NcROP-15B e NcROP55 podem representar quinases importantes no metabolismo de N. caninum, e podem estar relacionadas ao processo de invasão e proliferação do parasito. Dessa maneira, são possíveis alvos para se considerar no estudo de medidas preventivas, sendo necessários mais estudos para avaliar suas funções na sobrevivência intracelular e virulência de N. caninum.
Title in English
Molecular characterization of rhoptry proteins (ROP15B and ROP55) from Neospora caninum
Keywords in English
Cell invasion
NcROP15B
NcROP55.
Neospora caninum
Protein kinases
Rhoptries
Abstract in English
Neospora caninum (Apicomplexa) is the causative agent of neosporosis, described as the main responsible of parasitic abortion in cattle. Parasites of this phylum interact and invade the host cells through a coordinated secretion of proteins of the apical complex, formed by organelles like rhoptries, which play a key role in the infection process, associated to the formation of the parasitophorous vacuole (PV), intracellular survival and parasite virulence. These proteins can be characterized in: neck rhoptry proteins (RONs), and rhoptry proteins (ROPs). Some ROPs can differentiate and thus constitute a large family of kinases and pseudo-kinases, called the kinase rhoptry family (ROPKs). The aim of this study was to characterize N. caninum NcROP15B (NcLIV_011700) and NcROP55 (NcLIV_031550) rhoptry proteins. The amino acid sequences of NcROP15B and NcROP55 were aligned with homologous proteins from some microorganisms, including apicomplexan on BLAST. NcROP15B showed a 19% identity with the ROP15 of T. gondii and Hammondia hammondi. NcROP55 had 14% of identity with ROP37 of T. gondii and with ROP28 of Hammondia hammondi, and 15% with ROP28 of Neospora caninum. Domains were detected belonging to the protein kinase family for NcROP15B and NcROP55, and signal peptide only for NcROP15B. Primers were designed to amplify cDNA regions of both genes, opting for fragments of different sizes, names as NcROP15B major, NcROP15B minor, NcROP55 major and NcROP55 minor. The inserts were subcloned (pGEM) and then ligated into pET28 expression plasmid in E. coli BL21 (DE3) and IPTG-induced recombinant expression. The recombinant forms were expressed with 30 kDa and 16 kDa (NcROP15B Major and Minor, respectively) and Major and Minor NcROP55 had molecular weights of 19.9 kDa and 15 kDa, respectively. After purification, NcROP15B and NcROP55 were used to obtain polyclonal serum. Anti-ROP15B and anti-ROP55 reacted with N. caninum extract in Western Blot 1D, with NcROP15B being detected at 35 kDa, near predicted (32 kDa) and NcROP55 at approximately 35 KDa, but below the predicted (47.9 kDa). At confocal immunofluorescence, NcROP-15B and NcROP55 exhibited a localization pattern at the perinuclear region of N. caninum tachyzoites. Anti-NcROP15B and anti-NcROP55 antibodies had, individually, limited ability to inhibit the N. caninum adhesion/invasion process (16 and 6,43%, respectively). When associated, anti-NcROP15B and anti-NcROP55 sera inhibition of invasion increased to 62%. NcROP-15B and NcROP55 proteins might represent important kinases in the metabolism of N. caninum with a possible role in the parasite invasion and proliferation process. Thus, they represent possible targets for preventive measures, but further studies are necessary to evaluate their functions in intracellular survival and virulence of N. caninum.
 
WARNING - Viewing this document is conditioned on your acceptance of the following terms of use:
This document is only for private use for research and teaching activities. Reproduction for commercial use is forbidden. This rights cover the whole data about this document as well as its contents. Any uses or copies of this document in whole or in part must include the author's name.
There are withheld file due to requirements (data publishing, patents or rights).
Release Date
2021-05-22
Publishing Date
2019-08-29
 
WARNING: Learn what derived works are clicking here.
All rights of the thesis/dissertation are from the authors
CeTI-SC/STI
Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations of USP. Copyright © 2001-2020. All rights reserved.