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Doctoral Thesis
DOI
10.11606/T.60.2009.tde-23092009-091447
Document
Author
Full name
Leony Cristina Caetano
E-mail
Institute/School/College
Knowledge Area
Date of Defense
Published
Ribeirão Preto, 2009
Supervisor
Committee
Prado Junior, Jose Clovis do (President)
Souza, Gloria Emilia Petto de
Abrahão, Ana Amelia Carraro
Levy, Antonio Marcos de Apparecida
Rosa, Joao Aristeu da
Title in Portuguese
Administração de dehidroepiandrosterona (DHEA) como mediador da resposta imune em ratos Wistar infectados com Trypanosoma cruzi submetidos ao estresse repetitivo
Keywords in Portuguese
DHEA
estresse repetitivo
ratos.
resposta imune
Trypanosoma cruzi
Abstract in Portuguese
A doença de Chagas representa um importante problema para a Saúde Publica na América Latina, onde o tratamento é limitado principalmente na fase crônica. Mesmo controlando a replicação parasitária, a completa eliminação do parasita e a cura da doença não são observadas de forma consistente. A ativação do eixo adrenal-hipotálamo-hipófise possui um papel importante na supressão do sistema imune. Neste trabalho foram observados os efeitos do estresse repetitivo em ratos Wistar infectados com a cepa Y de Trypanosoma cruzi durante as fases aguda e crônica da doença experimental, através da exposição dos animais a vapores de éter por um minuto duas vezes ao dia. O estresse repetitivo provocou aumento do número de parasitas e a administração de DHEA reduziu significantemente a parasitemia durante a fase aguda. A resposta TH-1 foi mais vigorosa em animais submetidos à terapia com DHEA mesmo quando submetidos ao estresse repetitivo. Assim TNF-, IFN-, IL-2, NO e linfoproliferação mostraram concentrações mais elevadas quando comparadas aos animais não submetidos à terapia. A resposta TH-2 nos grupos sem suplementação com DHEA, IL-4 e IL-10 apresentaram valores reduzidos nos animais infectados e estressados submetidos à terapia com DHEA. A concentração de corticosterona mostrou-se elevada para animais estressados e infectados em relação aos animais submetidos a terapia com DHEA. A histopatologia apresentou redução no número de neurônios nas fases aguda e crônica para os animais estressados e infectados, os mesmos apresentaram desorganização tecidual cardíaca com aumento do número de ninhos de amastigotas e moderado processo inflamatório por células mononucleares. Estes resultados sugerem que o estresse repetitivo pode ser considerado como ii fator importante durante o desenvolvimento da doença de Chagas experimental, aumentando sua patogênese através de distúrbios do sistema imune do hospedeiro.
Title in English
Administration of the dehidroepiandrosterone (DHEA) as mediador of the immune response in Young and ageing rats infected with Trypanosoma cruzi submitted to repetitive stress.
Keywords in English
DHEA
immune response
rats.
repetitive stress
Trypanosoma cruzi
Abstract in English
Chagas disease represents an important public health problem in Latin American, where the treatment is limited especially to chronic phase, besides the harmful side effects. Although controlling the parasite replication, the complete elimination of the etiologic agent still was not observed. Activation of the hypothalamuspituitaryadrenal axis plays a major role in the suppression of the immune system. We have investigated the effects of repetitive stress on Wistar rats infected with the Y strain of Trypanosoma cruzi during the acute and chronic phases of the experimental disease by the exposure to ether vapor for one minute twice a day. Repetitive stress resulted in an elevated number of circulating parasites and DHEA administration reduced significantly blood parasites during the acute phase. Several immunological parameters were evaluated. TH-1 response was more vigorous in animals submitted to DHEA therapy even those which underwent repetitive stress. So, TNF-, IFN-, IL-2, NO and lymphoproliferation displayed enhanced concentrations as compared to unsupplied animals. The TH-2 immune response in groups without DHEA supplementation, showed reduce values for IL-4 and IL-10 in groups infected and stressed submitted to DHEA therapy. Enhanced corticosterone concentration was a observed for infected and stressed animals. DHEA triggered reduced levels of corticosterone. The histopathology revealed that stressed animals showed a reduction in the number of neurons. Histological sections of heart smears from infected and stressed animals displayed deep tissue disorganization, increased parasite burdens and moderate diffused mononuclear inflammatory process. These results suggest that repetitive stress could be considered an iv important factor during development of experimental Chagas disease, enhancing pathogenesis through disturbance of the hosts immune system.
 
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TESE_DOUTORADO.pdf (15.17 Mbytes)
Publishing Date
2009-10-23
 
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